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African swine fever (ASF): Five years around Europe

Investigation published in Veterinary Microbiology

July 26th, 2013

Since African swine fever (ASF) was re-introduced into Eastern Europe in April 2007, the disease has spread through five countries, drastically changing the European ASF situation. This re-introduction has significant implications for the affected countries, and it puts the European Union (EU) at serious risk of ASF introduction. Numerous factors are complicating the control of ASF in the Russian Federation and neighboring areas, particularly the absence of a coordinated control program, the abundance of backyard pig units with low or no biosecurity and the traditional use of swill feeding. All these risk factors are driven in turn by socio-economic, political and cultural factors. Moreover, the lack of clear information regarding the current situation of ASF in the Trans-Caucasus countries such as Armenia and Georgia may be increasing the risk of ASF spread into neighboring areas. The ASF situation in Eastern Europe poses a constant risk of ASF entry into the EU, especially via routes that are difficult to control, such as wild boar movements, illegal movement of animals and animal products and movements of contaminated vehicles or other fomites. This paper reviews and discusses current ASF epidemiology in Eastern Europe, the factors that may contribute to disease endemicity in the area, the current challenges for disease control, and the risk of introduction into the EU




Sanchez-Vizcaino JM., Mur L. and Martinez-Lopez B.




See this article
African swine fever (ASF): Five years around Europe

See it on NLM PubMed
African swine fever (ASF): Five years around Europe


Participants:

Universidad ComplutenseServicio de Inmunología Viral y Medicina Preventiva (SUAT). Centro de Vigilancia Sanitaria Veterinaria (VISAVET). Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Universidad ComplutenseDepartamento de Sanidad Animal. Facultad de Veterinaria. Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Gobierno de Castilla-La ManchaInstituto de Investigación en Recursos Cinegéticos (IREC). Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC). Universidad de Castilla La Mancha (UCLM). Gobierno de Castilla-La Mancha (JCCM).







Veterinary Microbiology
FACTOR YEAR Q
2.726 2013

NLMID: 7705469

PMID: 23265248

ISSN: 0378-1135



TITLE: African swine fever (ASF): Five years around Europe


JOURNAL: Vet. Microbiol.


NUMERACIÓN: 165(1-2): 45-50


AÑO: 2013


PUBLISHER: Elsevier Science Publishers


AUTHORS: Sanchez-Vizcaino JM., Mur L. and Martinez-Lopez B.


VISAVET PARTICIPANTS


José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno Rodríguez

DOI: https://doi.org/ 10.1016/j.vetmic.2012.11.030


CITE THIS PUBLICATION:

Sanchez-Vizcaino JM., Mur L. and Martinez-Lopez B. African swine fever (ASF): Five years around Europe. Veterinary Microbiology. 165(1-2): 45-50. 2013. (P). ISSN: 0378-1135. DOI: 10.1016/j.vetmic.2012.11.030


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