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Detection of Coxiella burnetii infection in a Saharawi dorcas gazelle (Gazella dorcas neglecta)

Investigation published in Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine

September 1st, 2016

Coxiella burnetii, the causative agent of Q fever, can infect a wide range of host species, but limited information exists on the occurrence and implications of infection in wild species. This study describes a natural infection in a population of dorcas gazelles (Gazella dorcas) from a zoo. A 9-yr-old male Saharawi dorcas gazelle (Gazella dorcas neglecta) tested positive on enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and fecal polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Despite treatment with oxytetracycline, the animal did not clear the infection after 6 mo, as confirmed by a PCR test on a semen sample. This is the first report of a Saharawi dorcas gazelle infection with C.burnetii and the first time that C. burnetii was detected in semen from a zoo animal, suggesting the possibility of venereal transmission in captive wild species. This may have major implications for management of zoo populations, particularly in endangered species




Garcia-Seco T., Perez-Sancho M., Martinez-Nevado E., Alvarez J., Santiago-Moreno J., Goyache J., Dominguez L. and Garcia N..




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Detection of Coxiella burnetii infection in a Saharawi dorcas gazelle (Gazella dorcas neglecta)

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Detection of Coxiella burnetii infection in a Saharawi dorcas gazelle (Gazella dorcas neglecta)

Participants:

Universidad ComplutenseServicio de Zoonosis Emergentes, de Baja Prevalencia y Agresivos Biológicos (NED). Centro de Vigilancia Sanitaria Veterinaria (VISAVET). Universidad Complutense (UCM).

CEI Campus MoncloaCEI Campus Moncloa.

Grupo Parques (Parques Reunidos, S.A.)Zoo Aquarium de Madrid. Grupo Parques (Parques Reunidos, S.A.).

University of MinnesotaDepartment of Veterinary Population Medicine. College of Veterinary Medicine. University of Minnesota (UMM).

Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y AlimentariaDepartamento de Reproducción Animal. Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria (INIA).

Universidad ComplutenseDepartamento de Sanidad Animal. Facultad de Veterinaria. Universidad Complutense (UCM).







Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine
FACTOR YEAR Q
0.590 2016

NLMID: 8915208

PMID: 27691954

ISSN: 1042-7260



TITLE: Detection of Coxiella burnetii infection in a Saharawi dorcas gazelle (Gazella dorcas neglecta)


JOURNAL: J. Zoo Wildl. Med.


NUMERACIÓN: 47(3):939-941


AÑO: 2016


PUBLISHER: American Association of Zoo Veterinarians


AUTHORS: Garcia-Seco T., Perez-Sancho M., Martinez-Nevado E., Alvarez J., Santiago-Moreno J., Goyache J., Dominguez L. and Garcia N..


VISAVET PARTICIPANTS


First
Teresa García-Seco Romero
2nd
Marta Pérez Sancho
4th
Julio Álvarez Sánchez
6th
Joaquín Goyache Goñi
7th
Lucas Domínguez Rodríguez
Last
Nerea García Benzaquén

DOI: https://doi.org/ 10.1638/2015-0068.1


CITE THIS PUBLICATION:

Garcia-Seco T., Perez-Sancho M., Martinez-Nevado E., Alvarez J., Santiago-Moreno J., Goyache J., Dominguez L. and Garcia N. Detection of Coxiella burnetii infection in a Saharawi dorcas gazelle (Gazella dorcas neglecta). Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine. 47(3):939-941. 2016. (A). ISSN: 1042-7260. DOI: 10.1638/2015-0068.1


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