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First molecular determination of herpesvirus from two mysticete species stranded in the Mediterranean Sea

BMC Veterinary Research publish this investigation article

November 14th, 2015

Background
Herpesvirus can infect a wide range of animal species: mammals, birds, reptiles, fish, amphibians and bivalves. In marine mammals, several alpha- and gammaherpesvirus have been identified in some cetaceans and pinnipeds species. To date, however, this virus has not been detected in any member of the Balaenoptera genus.
Case presentation
Herpesvirus was determined by molecular methods in tissue samples from a male fin whale juvenile (Balaenoptera physalus) and a female common minke whale calf (Balaenoptera acutorostrata) stranded on the Mediterranean coast of the Region of Valencia (Spain). Samples of skin and penile mucosa from the fin whale and samples of skin, muscle and central nervous system tissue from the common minke whale tested positive for herpesvirus based on sequences of the DNA polymerase gene. Sequences from fin whale were identical and belonged to the Alphaherpesvirinae subfamily. Only members of the Gammaherpesvirinae subfamily were amplified from the common minke whale, and sequences from the muscle and central nervous system were identical. Sequences in GenBank most closely related to these novel sequences were viruses isolated from other cetacean species, consistent with previous observations that herpesviruses show similar phylogenetic branching as their hosts.
Conclusions
To our knowledge, this is the first molecular determination of herpesvirus in the Balaenoptera genus. It shows that herpesvirus should be included in virological evaluation of these animals




Melero M., Crespo JL., Rubio-Guerri C., Garcia-Parraga D. and Sanchez-Vizcaino JM..




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First molecular determination of herpesvirus from two mysticete species stranded in the Mediterranean Sea

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First molecular determination of herpesvirus from two mysticete species stranded in the Mediterranean Sea


Participants:

Universidad ComplutenseServicio de Inmunología Viral y Medicina Preventiva (SUAT). Centro de Vigilancia Sanitaria Veterinaria (VISAVET). Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Universidad ComplutenseDepartamento de Sanidad Animal. Facultad de Veterinaria. Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Generalitat ValencianaOceanogràfic. Ciudad de las Artes y las Ciencias. Generalitat Valenciana.







BMC Veterinary Research
FACTOR YEAR Q
1.643 2015

NLMID: 101249759

PMID: 26573533

ISSN: 1746-6148



TITLE: First molecular determination of herpesvirus from two mysticete species stranded in the Mediterranean Sea


JOURNAL: BMC Vet. Res


NUMERACIÓN: 11:283


AÑO: 2015


PUBLISHER: BioMed Central


AUTHORS: Melero M., Crespo JL., Rubio-Guerri C., Garcia-Parraga D. and Sanchez-Vizcaino JM..


VISAVET PARTICIPANTS


First
Mar Melero Asensio
Last
José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno Rodríguez

DOI: https://doi.org/ 10.1186/s12917-015-0596-1


CITE THIS PUBLICATION:

Melero M., Crespo JL., Rubio-Guerri C., Garcia-Parraga D. and Sanchez-Vizcaino JM. First molecular determination of herpesvirus from two mysticete species stranded in the Mediterranean Sea. BMC Veterinary Research. 11:283. 2015. (A). ISSN: 1746-6148. DOI: 10.1186/s12917-015-0596-1


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