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Non-Invasive Method to Detect Infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis Complex in Wild Boar by Measurement of Volatile Organic Compounds Obtained from Feces with an Electronic Nose System

Sensors publish this investigation article

January 15th, 2021

More effective methods to detect bovine tuberculosis, caused by Mycobacterium bovis, in wildlife, is of paramount importance for preventing disease spread to other wild animals, livestock, and human beings. In this study, we analyzed the volatile organic compounds emitted by fecal samples collected from free-ranging wild boar captured in Doñana National Park, Spain, with an electronic nose system based on organically-functionalized gold nanoparticles. The animals were separated by the age group for performing the analysis. Adult (>24 months) and sub-adult (12–24 months) animals were anesthetized before sample collection, whereas the juvenile (<12 months) animals were manually restrained while collecting the sample. Good accuracy was obtained for the adult and sub-adult classification models: 100% during the training phase and 88.9% during the testing phase for the adult animals, and 100% during both the training and testing phase for the sub-adult animals, respectively. The results obtained could be important for the further development of a non-invasive and less expensive detection method of bovine tuberculosis in wildlife populations




Beleno-Saenz KJ., Caceres-Tarazona JM., Nol P., Jaimes-Mogollon AL., Gualdron-Guerrero OE., Duran-Acevedo CM., Barasona JA., Vicente J., Torres MJ., Welearegay TG., Osterlund L., Rhyan J. and Ionescu F.




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Non-Invasive Method to Detect Infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis Complex in Wild Boar by Measurement of Volatile Organic Compounds Obtained from Feces with an Electronic Nose System

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Non-Invasive Method to Detect Infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis Complex in Wild Boar by Measurement of Volatile Organic Compounds Obtained from Feces with an Electronic Nose System



Participants:

Universidad Autónoma del CaribeFaculty of Engineering. Universidad Autónoma del Caribe.

University of PamplonaGISM Group. Faculty of Engineering and Architecture. University of Pamplona.

United States Department of AgricultureVeterinary Services. Animal and Plant Health Inspection. United States Department of Agriculture.

Universidad ComplutenseDepartamento de Sanidad Animal. Facultad de Veterinaria. Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Gobierno de Castilla-La ManchaSanidad y Biotecnología (SaBio). Instituto de Investigación en Recursos Cinegéticos (IREC). Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC). Universidad de Castilla La Mancha (UCLM). Gobierno de Castilla-La Mancha (JCCM).

Universidad de SevillaUniversidad de Sevilla (US).

University Hospital Virgen del RocíoBiomedical Institute of Sevilla (IBiS). University Hospital Virgen del Rocío.

Uppsala UniversitetThe Ångström Laboratory, Division of Solid State Physics. Department of Materials Science and Engineering Sciences. Uppsala Universitet.

Estonian University of Life SciencesInstitute of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Sciences. Estonian University of Life Sciences (EMU).

Universidad ComplutenseCentro de Vigilancia Sanitaria Veterinaria (VISAVET). Universidad Complutense (UCM).







Sensors
FACTOR YEAR Q
3.275 2019

PMID: 33467480

ISSN: 1424-8220



TITLE: Non-Invasive Method to Detect Infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis Complex in Wild Boar by Measurement of Volatile Organic Compounds Obtained from Feces with an Electronic Nose System


JOURNAL: Sensors


NUMERACIÓN: 21:584


AÑO: 2021


PUBLISHER: MDPI Basel


AUTHORS: Beleno-Saenz KJ., Caceres-Tarazona JM., Nol P., Jaimes-Mogollon AL., Gualdron-Guerrero OE., Duran-Acevedo CM., Barasona JA., Vicente J., Torres MJ., Welearegay TG., Osterlund L., Rhyan J. and Ionescu F.


VISAVET PARTICIPANTS


José Ángel Barasona García-Arévalo

DOI: https://doi.org/ 10.3390/s21020584


CITE THIS PUBLICATION:

Beleno-Saenz KJ., Caceres-Tarazona JM., Nol P., Jaimes-Mogollon AL., Gualdron-Guerrero OE., Duran-Acevedo CM., Barasona JA., Vicente J., Torres MJ., Welearegay TG., Osterlund L., Rhyan J. and Ionescu F. Non-Invasive Method to Detect Infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis Complex in Wild Boar by Measurement of Volatile Organic Compounds Obtained from Feces with an Electronic Nose System. Sensors. 21:584. 2021. (A). ISSN: 1424-8220. DOI: 10.3390/s21020584