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Social network analysis of poultry movements in Argentina during 2009 and 2010

Poster presented in 13th International Symposium on Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics

August 20th, 2012

Linares FJ., Martinez-Lopez B. and Sanchez-Vizcaino JM.

The poultry production in Argentina is the second largest industry after the cattle, and for that reason, the potential introduction and spread of exotic diseases affecting poultry would have severe socio-economic consequences in the country. In order to allocate surveillance strategies to prevent and rapid control infectious
diseases affecting poultry, the characterization of the structure and contact patters between poultry farms is crucial. However, there are very few studies describing in detail the animal movement contacts between poultry farms and none has been developed in Argentina. The study presented here is aimed to describe in detail the structure and the trade flows among the poultry farms in Argentina using graph theory and social network analysis. Particularly, data on poultry farms (i.e. census, location, etc.) and poultry movements from January 2009 to December 2010 were obtained from the National Service for Agrifood Health and Quality (SENASA). The poultry directed network was constructed using poultry farms as nodes and poultry movements between farms as links. Degree, closeness and betweeness centrality measures and other SNA metrics were computed to identify ‘important’ nodes that may be at particular high risk for
disease introduction and spread. Analyses were performed using R Language v2.10.1 with igraph library and network was visualized using ArcGIS 9.3 (ESRI). The poultry contact network was compounded by
6,330 nodes with 50,374 links for 2009 and, 6,458 nodes with 50,566 links for 2010. Nodes with the highest number of outgoing and ingoing links correspond to a hatched farm and meat production farm, respectively. This is one of the very first studies characterizing the poultry movements and identifying poultry farms, periods and regions at highest risk for potential disease introduction and/or spread, and will be useful for the design of risk-based surveillance strategies and contingency planning of diseases affecting poultry




Participants:

Universidad ComplutenseServicio de Inmunología Viral y Medicina Preventiva (SUAT). Centro de Vigilancia Sanitaria Veterinaria (VISAVET). Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Universidad ComplutenseDepartamento de Sanidad Animal. Facultad de Veterinaria. Universidad Complutense (UCM).


Link to 13th International Symposium on Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics





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13th International Symposium on Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics


August 20th-24th, 2012
Maastrich
The Netherlands

TITLE: Social network analysis of poultry movements in Argentina during 2009 and 2010


TYPE: Poster communication


AUTHORS: Linares FJ., Martinez-Lopez B. and Sanchez-Vizcaino JM.


VISAVET PARTICIPANTS


José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno Rodríguez

DATE: August 20th, 2012


CITE THIS COMMUNICATION:

Linares FJ., Martinez-Lopez B. and Sanchez-Vizcaino JM. Social network analysis of poultry movements in Argentina during 2009 and 2010. 13th International Symposium on Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics, International Society for Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics, Maastrich, The Netherlands, August 20th, 2012. (Poster communication)


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