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The Evolution of African Swine Fever in China: A Global Threat?

Frontiers in veterinary science publish this investigation article

March 29th, 2022

African swine fever (ASF) is one of the most critical diseases in the pig industry. In Asia, 15 countries have already reported an outbreak as of November 22, 2021. In 2021, China reported the genotype II lower virulent ASF virus (ASFV) and the emergence of genotype I ASFV. ASF is generally known as a contagious and lethal disease, but if chronic infection spreads, then disease control would be more difficult. In the current study, we highlighted the possibility of lower virulent virus distribution throughout China and the subsequent general risk of the virus being released from the country. The kernel density estimation showed that the two highest kernel density areas of ASF notification were located in Northeast and Midwest China. Four of the five provinces where lower virulent ASFV was isolated overlapped with areas of relatively high ASF notification density. In terms of the risk of ASFV spreading from China, eight of the 10 largest airports and three of the 10 largest seaports are located in areas of relatively high ASF notification density. There were flight flow from China to 67 countries and ship flow to 81 countries. Asia had the highest flight flow, followed by Europe, North America, Africa, and Oceania. The highest number of ship flows was also concentrated in Asia, but about 10% of ships head to Africa and South America. Chinese overseas residents were distributed in each continent in proportion to these results. Here, we highlight the potential risk of ASFV spread from China to the world




Ito S., Bosch J., Martinez-Aviles M. and Sanchez-Vizcaino JM..




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The Evolution of African Swine Fever in China: A Global Threat?

See it on NLM PubMed
The Evolution of African Swine Fever in China: A Global Threat?



Participants:

Universidad ComplutenseServicio de Inmunología Viral y Medicina Preventiva (SUAT). Centro de Vigilancia Sanitaria Veterinaria (VISAVET). Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Universidad ComplutenseDepartamento de Sanidad Animal. Facultad de Veterinaria. Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y AlimentariaCentro de Investigación en Sanidad Animal (CISA). Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria (INIA).







Frontiers in veterinary science
FACTOR YEAR Q
3.471 2021

NLMID: 101666658

PMID: 35425825

ISSN: 2297-1769



TITLE: The Evolution of African Swine Fever in China: A Global Threat?


JOURNAL: Front Vet Sci


NUMERACIÓN: 9:828498


AÑO: 2022


PUBLISHER: Lausanne : Frontiers Media S.A


AUTHORS: Ito S., Bosch J., Martinez-Aviles M. and Sanchez-Vizcaino JM..


VISAVET PARTICIPANTS


First
Satoshi Ito
2nd
Jaime Bosch López
Last
José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno Rodríguez

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2022.828498


CITE THIS PUBLICATION:

Ito S., Bosch J., Martinez-Aviles M. and Sanchez-Vizcaino JM. The Evolution of African Swine Fever in China: A Global Threat?. Frontiers in veterinary science. 9:828498. 2022. (A). ISSN: 2297-1769. DOI: 10.3389/fvets.2022.828498


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