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Differences in wild boar spatial behaviour among land uses and management scenarios in Mediterranean ecosystems

Investigation published in Science of the total environment

November 20th, 2021

The ubiquitous wild boar is causing diverse and growing conflicts of socio-ecological and economic relevance worldwide. For that reason, knowledge of its spatial ecology is crucial to designing effective management programmes. But this knowledge is scarce in Mediterranean areas with mixed land uses. We describe the spatial ecology and habitat selection of 41 adult wild boar monitored using GPS collars and analyse the effects of sex and the period (food shortage period, hunting season and food abundance period) under different land uses (protected areas, mixed farms and fenced hunting estates). The spatial ecology of wild boar was characterised by marked temporality, mediated by sex and the land uses in the area. The activity (ACT), daily range (DR) and home range (HR) were higher for males than females, and in mixed farms versus fenced hunting estates, while the lowest values were obtained in protected areas. These effects were more marked for ACT and DR (movement) than HR. The selection of scrublands and avoidance of woodlands was observed where drive hunt events occur (mixed farms and fenced estates), but not in the protected areas. The differences in the requirements, reproductive behaviour and, interestingly, response to disturbance according to sex may explain this dissimilar behaviour.
Disturbance originated higher movement rates and the selection of sheltering land cover as a refuge during the hunting season. This information is useful for designing species monitoring and management programmes; including both preventive and reactive actions in response to events such as outbreaks of African swine fever and agricultural damage produced by wild boar in Europe




Laguna E., Barasona JA., Vicente J., Keuling O. and Acevedo O.




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Differences in wild boar spatial behaviour among land uses and management scenarios in Mediterranean ecosystems

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Differences in wild boar spatial behaviour among land uses and management scenarios in Mediterranean ecosystems



Participants:

Gobierno de Castilla-La ManchaSanidad y Biotecnología (SaBio). Instituto de Investigación en Recursos Cinegéticos (IREC). Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC). Universidad de Castilla La Mancha (UCLM). Gobierno de Castilla-La Mancha (JCCM).

Universidad ComplutenseCentro de Vigilancia Sanitaria Veterinaria (VISAVET). Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Universidad ComplutenseDepartamento de Sanidad Animal. Facultad de Veterinaria. Universidad Complutense (UCM).

University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover (TiHo).

Institute for Terrestrial and Aquatic Wildlife Research.







Science of the total environment
FACTOR YEAR Q
7.963 2020

PMID: 34273834

ISSN: 0048-9697



TITLE: Differences in wild boar spatial behaviour among land uses and management scenarios in Mediterranean ecosystems


JOURNAL: Sci. Total Environ


NUMERACIÓN: 796:148966


AÑO: 2021


PUBLISHER: Elsevier


AUTHORS: Laguna E., Barasona JA., Vicente J., Keuling O. and Acevedo O.


VISAVET PARTICIPANTS


José Ángel Barasona García-Arévalo

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.148966


CITE THIS PUBLICATION:

Laguna E., Barasona JA., Vicente J., Keuling O. and Acevedo O. Differences in wild boar spatial behaviour among land uses and management scenarios in Mediterranean ecosystems. Science of the total environment. 796:148966. 2021. (A). ISSN: 0048-9697. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.148966