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December 10th, 2019

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Pathogens

Tuberculosis Epidemiology and Badger (Meles meles) Spatial Ecology in a Hot-Spot Area in Atlantic Spain

Pathogens publish this investigation article


We provide a temporal overview (from 2012 to 2018) of the outcomes of tuberculosis (TB) in the cattle and badger populations in a hot-spot in Asturias (Atlantic Spain). We also study the badger’s spatial ecology from an epidemiological perspective in order to describe hazardous behavior in relation to TB transmission between cattle and badgers. Culture and single intradermal tuberculin test (SITT) were available for cattle as part of the National Program for the Eradication of TB. A field survey was also carried out in order to determine the paddocks and buildings used by each farm, and the in… Read more




December 10th, 2019

Via publiDB


Jornadas Veterinarias Asaja

Listeriosis. Toxiinfecciones alimentarias, ¿zoonosis reemergentes?

Oral communication in Jornadas Veterinarias Asaja




December 7th, 2019

Via publiDB


The Veterinary Record

Association between results of diagnostic tests for bovine tuberculosis and Johne`s disease in cattle

Investigation published in The Veterinary Record


BACKGROUND: Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) diagnosis is impaired by numerous factors including cross-reactivity with Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis, which causes Johne`s disease (JD). In addition, the effect of repeated bTB-intradermal testing on the performance of JD diagnostic tests is not fully understood. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of repeated bTB-intradermal tests under field conditions in Spain on the JD serological status of cattle. METHODS: bTB-positive herds (n=264) from Castilla-y-Leon region were selected and matched with officially tuberculosis-free co… Read more




December 2nd, 2019

Via publiDB


BMC Veterinary Research

Use of a voluntary testing program to study the spatial epidemiology of Johne’s disease affecting dairy herds in Minnesota: a cross sectional study

Investigation article published in BMC Veterinary Research


One of the key steps in the management of chronic diseases in animals including Johne’s disease (JD), caused by Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP), is the ability to track disease incidence over space and time. JD surveillance in the U.S. dairy cattle is challenging due to lack of regulatory requirements, imperfect diagnostic tests, and associated expenses, including time and labor. An alternative approach is to use voluntary testing programs. Here, data from a voluntary JD testing program, conducted by the Minnesota Dairy Herd Improvement Association, were used to: a) explore w… Read more




December 1st, 2019

Via publiDB


Preventive Veterinary Medicine

Assessment of the sensitivity of the bovine tuberculosis eradication program in a high prevalence region of Spain using scenario tree modeling

Investigation published in Preventive Veterinary Medicine


In spite of the efforts invested to eradicate bovine tuberculosis (bTB) in cattle, the disease is still present in several developed countries, including Spain. Among the factors related with disease persistence in high prevalence areas, the lack of sensitivity of the screening test for detection of infected herds [single intradermal tuberculin (SIT) test] can play a major role. Here, a scenario tree model mimicking the diagnostic test scheme in place in the region of Castilla y Leon (Spain) was developed to estimate the probability of detecting bTB in an infected-non detected officially tuber… Read more




December 1st, 2019

Via publiDB


Environmental Microbiology

Gene pool transmission of multidrug resistance among Campylobacter from livestock, sewage and human disease

Investigation published in Environmental Microbiology


The use of antimicrobials in human and veterinary medicine has coincided with a rise in antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in the food‐borne pathogens Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli. Faecal contamination from the main reservoir hosts (livestock, especially poultry) is the principal route of human infection but little is known about the spread of AMR among source and sink populations. In particular, questions remain about how Campylobacter resistomes interact between species and hosts, and the potential role of sewage as a conduit for the spread of AMR. Here we investigate the ge… Read more




December 1st, 2019

Via publiDB


Suis

Applied swine immunology: from vaccines to diagnosis

Suis publish this article


Immunology is an area of research, development and transfer, essential in pig health and pig production. Although its progress is based on the study of the basic concepts of the body`s defense mechanisms against foreign elements and pathogens, the highly applicable aspects of swine immunology for its use in prevention, diagnosis, control and eradication of swine infectious diseases have a decisive influence in its development as a science, which cannot make us forget the need to strengthen the basic investigation o… Read more







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