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September, 2012 news

September 21st, 2012

Via publiDB

La resistencia a antibióticos: una amenaza global

Oral communication in Fronteras actuales de la microbiología-Cursos de Verano UNIA 2012

September 20th, 2012

Via publiDB

The Veterinary Record

Survey of quantitative antimicrobial consumption in two different pig finishing systems

The Veterinary Record publish this investigation article

The primary objectives of this study were to: (a) collect on-farm antimicrobial use (AMU) data in fattener pigs employing two questionnaire-based surveys; (b) assess different quantitative measures for quantifying AMU in fattener pigs; (c) compare AMU in fattener pigs between two different management systems producing finishers: farrow-to-finish (FtF) farms versus finisher farms. Two questionnaires were designed both containing five groups of questions focused on the responder, the farm and AMU (eg, in-feed, in-drinking water and parenteral); both surveys were carried out by means of personal … Read more

September 19th, 2012

Via publiDB

ColE1 plasmids as gene capture platforms in antimicrobial resistance

Conference in Aspectos Biofísicos de los Sistemas de Secreción Tipo 4

September 18th, 2012

Via publiDB

African Swine Fever

Oral communication in Vaccines and Diagnostics for Transboundary Animal Diseases

September 17th, 2012

Servicio de Informática y Comunicación

Joaquin Goyache new Vice Chancellor for Organisation of the Complutense University of Madrid

The VISAVET Researcher will coordinate the Technical Office of the Rector

The Rector of the Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Jose Carrillo Menéndez, announced today the Governing Council of the appointment of Joaquin UCM Goyache Goñi as new Vice Chancellor of Organization. Its functions will also coordinate the Technical Office of the Rector… Read more

October 8th, 2012


Joaquín Coyache is the new Vice-Chancellor of Organization of UCM

Dr. Joaquin Goñi Goyache is the new Vice-chancellor of Organization of the Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), an entity, in which he was Dean until 2011. Dr. Goyache graduated from the Veterinary Medicine Faculty of the UCM in 1985, where he received his doctorate in 1992.…

- Joaquín Goyache Goñi, a new Vice-chancellor of Organization of the Complutense University Of Madrid - www.colvema.org

September 14th, 2012

Via publiDB

Veterinary Microbiology

A 16kb naturally occurring genomic deletion including mce and PPE genes in Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis isolates from goats with Johne`s disease

Investigation published in Veterinary Microbiology

In this study we characterise the genomic and transcriptomic variability of a natural deletion strain of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) prevalent in Spanish Guadarrama goats. Using a pan-genome microarray including MAP and M. avium subspecies hominissuis 104 genomes (MAPAC) we demonstrate the genotype to be MAP Type II with a single deletion of 19 contiguous ORFs (16kb) including a complete mammalian cell entry (mce7_1) operon and adjacent proline-glutamic acid (PE)/proline-proline-glutamic acid (PPE) genes. A deletion specific PCR test was developed and a subsequent scr… Read more

September 14th, 2012

Via publiDB

Veterinary Microbiology

Evidence for BTV-4 circulation in free-ranging red deer (Cervus elaphus) in Cabañeros National Park, Spain

Investigation article published in Veterinary Microbiology

Bluetongue (BT) is an infectious disease of wild and domestic ruminants caused by bluetongue virus (BTV). BTV-4 spread through southern Spain from 2004 to 2006, whereas a BTV-1 outbreak that started in southern Spain in 2007 is still ongoing. Vaccination and movement restriction regulations are applied to domestic ruminants to control BT, but the potential reservoir role of wild European ungulates has not been clarified so far. The aim of this study was to describe the epidemiology of BTV in the wild free-ranging red deer (Cervus elaphus) population of Cabañeros National Park (CNP) in central … Read more

September 13rd, 2012

Via publiDB

Jornada Técnica Avícola

Colibacilosis aviar: importancia de su control

Conference in Jornada Técnica Avícola "Poulvac E. coli"

September 11st, 2012

Via publiDB

Veterinary Research

Natural Bagaza virus infection in game birds in southern Spain

Investigation article published in Veterinary Research

In late summer 2010 a mosquito born flavivirus not previously reported in Europe called Bagaza virus (BAGV) caused high mortality in red-legged partridges (Alectoris rufa) and ring-necked pheasants (Phasianus colchicus). We studied clinical findings, lesions and viral antigen distribution in naturally BAGV infected game birds in order to understand the apparently higher impact on red-legged partridges. The disease induced neurologic signs in the two galliform species and, to a lesser extent, in common wood pigeons (Columba palumbus). In red-legged partridges infection by BAGV caused severe hae… Read more

September 7th, 2012

Servicio de Informática y Comunicación

Professor J.M. Sanchez-Vizcaíno new president of the European Society for Veterinary Virology

Announced in the IX International Congress of Veterinary Virology

The IX International Congress of Veterinary Virology which ends today at the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University Complutense of Madrid was the setting for the announcement of the election of JM Sanchez-Vizcaíno as the new president of the European Society of Veterinary Virology… Read more

September 5th, 2012

Rosae Martín Peña

Mexico interested in the control of bovine tuberculosis in Spain

Mexican experts visit VISAVET to know the techniques to eradicate bovine tuberculosis in our country

Rolando Garzón, subdelegate of Agriculture and Wilfrido Najera, Chief of Animal Health in Guerrero, both belonging to the Secretary of Agriculture, Livestock and Rural Development, Fishing and Food of Mexico SAGARPA visited yesterday the Health Surveillance Center (VISAVET) to know the programs, which being carried out for the eradication of bovine tuberculosis in Spain and diagnostic techniques that are used to implement it. Specifically Mexican experts came to learn more about the technique of gamma interferon.
The visit took place on September 4 and the explanation of the techniques and facilities was conducted by the center directors VISAVET, Lucas Domínguez and the director of the European Reference Laboratory for bovine tuberculosis, Lucía de Juan.… Read more

September 1st, 2012

Via publiDB

International Microbiology

Ecology of antimicrobial resistance: humans, animals, food and environment

Investigation article published in International Microbiology

Antimicrobial resistance is a major health problem. After decades of research, numerous difficulties in tackling resistance have emerged, from the paucity of new antimicrobials to the inefficient contingency plans to reduce the use of antimicrobials; consequently, resistance to these drugs is out of control. Today we know that bacteria from the environment are often at the very origin of the acquired resistance determinants found in hospitals worldwide. Here we define the genetic components that flow from the environment to pathogenic bacteria and thereby confer a quantum increase in resistanc… Read more

September 1st, 2012

Via publiDB

Molecular Microbiology

The highly dynamic CRISPR1 system of Streptococcus agalactiae controls the diversity of its mobilome

Investigation published in Molecular Microbiology

Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) confer immunity against mobile genetic elements (MGEs) in prokaryotes. Streptococcus agalactiae, a leading cause of neonatal infections contains in its genome two CRISPR/Cas systems. We show that type 1-C CRISPR2 is present in few strains but type 2-A CRISPR1 is ubiquitous. Comparative sequence analysis of the CRISPR1 spacer content of 351 S. agalactiae strains revealed that it is extremely diverse due to the acquisition of new spacers, spacer duplications and spacer deletions that witness the dynamics of this system. The… Read more

September 1st, 2012

Via publiDB

Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy

Molecular organization of small plasmids bearing blaTEM-1 and conferring resistance to beta-lactams in Haemophilus influenzae

Investigation published in Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy

TEM-1 is the dominat β-lactamase of Haemophilus influenzae and can be located on small plasmids. Three distinct plasmids from 4,304 to 5,646 nt were characterized: pA1606, pA1209 and pPN223. In addition to TEM-1 and a replication enzyme of the Rep 3 superfamily, pA1606 encodes a Tn3 resolvase gene and pA1606 and pA1209 encode an ORF similar to a plasmid recombination enzyme gene described in Gram-positive bacteria. The plasmids transformed strain Rd to the ampicillin-resistant phenotype.… Read more

September 1st, 2012

Via publiDB

Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy

Association of Extended-Spectrum beta-Lactamase VEB-5 and 16S rRNA Methyltransferase ArmA in Salmonella enterica from the United Kingdom

Investigation published in Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy

Aminoglycosides and beta-lactams are used for the treatment of a wide range of infections due to both Gram-negative and Gram-positive. An emerging aminoglycoside resistance mechanism, methylation of the aminoacyl site of the 16S rRNA, confers high-level resistance to clinically important aminoglycosides such as amikacin, tobramycin and gentamicin. Eight 16S rRNA methyltransferase genes, armA, rmtA, rmtB, rmtC, rmtD, rmtE, rmtF and npmA, have been identified in several species of enterobacteria worldwide (2, 6, 7, 9, 11, 13, 14). Resistance to extended spectrum β-lactams remains additio… Read more

September 1st, 2012

Via publiDB

Epidemiology and Infection

Identification of suitable areas for West Nile virus outbreaks in equid populations for application in surveillance plans: the example of the Castile and Leon region of Spain

Investigation article published in Epidemiology and Infection

The introduction and rapid spread of West Nile virus (WNV) into new areas such as the American continent, associated also with the severity of the disease in humans and equids has increased concerns regarding the need to better prevent and control future WNV incursions. WNV outbreaks in equids usually occur under specific climatic and environmental conditions and, typically, before detection of WNV cases in humans. Targeting surveillance strategies in areas and time periods identified as suitable for WNV outbreaks in equids may act as an early-warning system to prevent disease in both equids a… Read more

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