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April, 2013 news

April 15th, 2013

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Introduction of African Swine fever into the European Union through illegal importation of pork and pork products

Investigation article published in PLoS ONE

Transboundary animal diseases can have very severe socio-economic impacts when introduced into new regions. The history of disease incursions into the European Union suggests that initial outbreaks were often initiated by illegal importation of meat and derived products. The European Union would benefit from decision-support tools to evaluate the risk of disease introduction caused by illegal imports in order to inform its surveillance strategy. However, due to the difficulty in quantifying illegal movements of animal products, very few studies of this type have been conducted. Using African s… Read more

April 12nd, 2013

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Veterinary Microbiology

Change of integrons over time in Escherichia coli isolates recovered from healthy pigs and chickens

Investigation article published in Veterinary Microbiology

The aims of this study were (a) to perform a time-related quantitative analysis of relative integron frequencies in intestinal Escherichia coli isolates from food animals (pigs and chickens) and (b) to analyse putative relationships between integrons, antimicrobial resistance and phylogenetic groups. The E. coli collection of the Spanish Veterinary Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance Network was used to extract 393 intestinal isolates from healthy pigs and chickens belonging to the oldest (1998/99) and the latest (2006) available surveillance programs, and their quantitative antimicrobial re… Read more

April 6th, 2013

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Miles de vacas bajo lupa

Interview in Noticias Madrid of El País

Tranquilidad. Esa es la palabra que más se repite en los últimos días cuando se habla de Colmenar Viejo. Este municipio de 46.300 habitantes situado a 31 kilómetros de la capital vive desde hace 10 días una situación poco frecuente. La Comunidad de Madrid ha decretado la inmovilización de sus vacas tras haber hallado 134 reses que han dado positivo en las pruebas de la tuberculosis bovina. Lo que remarcan todos los sectores relacionados con la ganadería es que no existe ningún riesgo por el consumo humano. Es más, gracias a tanto control veterinario se puede afirmar que la carne de esta zona r… Read more

April 1st, 2013

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Research in Veterinary Science

Wildlife and paratuberculosis: a review

Investigation published in Research in Veterinary Science

Paratuberculosis (PTB) is an infectious granulomatous enteritis caused by Mycobacterium avium paratuberculosis (MAP) causing significant economic losses in livestock. However, PTB in free living and captive wildlife has not been as extensively studied as in livestock. We reviewed the existing literature references on MAP to i) determine the potential impact of MAP infection in wildlife species; ii) analyze whether wildlife reservoirs are relevant regarding MAP control in domestic ruminants; iii) assess the importance of MAP as the cause of potential interferences with tuberculosis diagnosis … Read more

April 1st, 2013

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Epidemiology of African swine fever virus

Investigation article published in Virus Research

African swine fever virus used to occur primarily in Africa. There had been occasional incursions into Europe or America which apart from the endemic situation on the island of Sardinia always had been successfully controlled. But following an introduction of the virus in 2007, it now has expanded its geographical distribution into Caucasus and Eastern Europe where it has not been controlled, to date. African swine fever affects domestic and wild pig species, and can involve tick vectors. The ability of the virus to survive within a particular ecosystem is defined by the ecology of its wild ho… Read more

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