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August, 2018 news

August 29th, 2018

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Journal of Equine Veterinary Science

MultiOrgan Disease and Death Associated With Streptococcus equi spp. zooepidemicus in a 2-Month-Old Foal

Investigation article published in Journal of Equine Veterinary Science

A 2-month-old Andalusian colt in central Spain presented dyspnea, diarrhea, and depression. Despite the initial treatment for presumptive pneumonia caused by Rhodococcus equi, after 1 hour, the colt showed signs of shock and died. The necropsy revealed multiple abscesses in the lung, as well as enlarged mesenteric lymph nodes, and hemorrhagic peritonitis. Samples were taken from trachea, lung parenchyma, small intestine, and colon. All samples yielded a pure culture of Streptococcus equi spp. zooepidemicus, whereas R. equi was excluded by using a specific qPCR performed on all samples. Isolate… Read more

August 27th, 2018

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Epidemiological and molecular surveillance of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Complex in wild ungulates from southern Spain, 2011-2018

Poster communication in 13th Conference European Wildlife Disease Association. Wildlife Health and Conservation: Expectations in a challenging era

August 25th, 2018

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Preventive Veterinary Medicine

Modeling cost-effectiveness of risk-based bovine tuberculosis surveillance in Minnesota

Investigation published in Preventive Veterinary Medicine

In the United States, slaughter surveillance combined with other measures has effectively maintained a very low prevalence of bovine tuberculosis (bTB). However, bTB continues to be sporadically detected, causing substantial economic burden to the government and cattle producers. To detect the infection earlier and reduce sudden economic losses, additional risk-based surveillance of live animals might be more cost-effective than slaughter surveillance alone to detect and prevent bTB infection. The objective of this study was to evaluate alternative risk-based surveillance strategies targeting … Read more

August 24th, 2018

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BMC Veterinary Research

Genetic heterogeneity of dolphin morbilliviruses detected in the Spanish Mediterranean in inter-epizootic period

Investigation article published in BMC Veterinary Research

BACKGROUND: In the last 20 years, Cetacean Morbillivirus (CeMV) has been responsible for many die-offs in marine mammals worldwide, as clearly exemplified by the three dolphin morbillivirus (DMV) epizootics of 1990-1992, 2006-2008 and 2011 that affected Mediterranean striped dolphins (Stenella coeruleoalba). Systemic infection caused by DMV in the Mediterranean has been reported only during these outbreaks. RESULTS: We report the infection of five striped dolphins (Stenella coeruleoalba) stranded on the Spanish Mediterranean coast of Valencia after the last DMV outbreak that ended in 2011… Read more

August 13rd, 2018

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Frontiers in veterinary science

Development and Evaluation of a Serological Assay for the Diagnosis of Tuberculosis in Alpacas and Llamas

Investigation article published in Frontiers in veterinary science

South American camelids are susceptible to tuberculosis, caused mainly by Mycobacterium bovis and M. microti. Despite the tuberculin skin test being the official test for tuberculosis, it has a very low sensitivity in these species (14–20%). Serological tests present the advantages of being rapid, easy to perform and facilitate analysis of large numbers of samples in a short period of time. Novel antigen discovery and evaluation would provide enhanced detection of specific antibodies against members of M. tuberculosis complex. Here, we describe the development and evaluation of an ELISA-type i… Read more

August 8th, 2018

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Genes resistentes a los antibióticos

Interview in Planeta Vivo Radio of Planeta Vivo Radio

La resistencia a los antibióticos en más de 400 genes será el tema central del programa tras la publicación de un trabajo en Nature que desvela el gran problema que afrontamos. Entrevistaremos para ello a uno de los autores de dicho trabajo, Bruno González Zorn, investigador de la Facultad de Veterinaria y del Centro de Vigilancia Sanitaria Veterinaria (VISAVET) de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid. PLANETA VIVO RADIO es el programa radiofónico sobre divulgación científica y técnica de Canarias más longevo con más de 9 años de emisión semanal. Es una apuesta del Instituto Volcanológico de C… Read more

August 3rd, 2018

Servicio de Informática y Comunicación

PROMANBOV, a new operative group for the promotion of prudent use of antimicrobials in cattle

The project is led by ASOPROVAC, Agropienso and the PORCSA-Grup de Sanejament Porcí de Lleida and has the collaboration of Novadays, UPM, VISAVET-UCM and AEMPS.

This group aims to improve the situation of bacterial resistance in animal health.… Read more

Related news in other media:

- Nace un grupo operativo para el uso prudente de antimicrobianos - C de Comunicación

- Constituido el grupo operativo PromanBov para mejorar el uso de antibióticos en granjas de vacuno de carne - eurocarne.com

- Grupo para impulsar el uso prudente de antibióticos en vacuno de carne - revistaalimentaria.es

- Nace PROMANOV, nuevo grupo operativo para la promoción del uso prudente de antimicrobianos en vacuno de carne - agronewscastillayleon.com

August 3rd, 2018

Via publiDB

Abundance and diversity of the faecal resistome in slaughter pigs and broilers in nine European countries

Investigation published in Nature microbiology

EFFORT Group Haitske Graveland2 , Alieda van Essen4, Bruno Gonzalez-Zorn8, Gabriel Moyano8, Pascal Sanders9, Claire Chauvin9, Julie David9, Antonio Battisti10, Andrea Caprioli10, Jeroen Dewulf11, Thomas Blaha12, Katharina Wadepohl12, Maximiliane Brandt12, Dariusz Wasyl13, Magdalena Skarzyńska13, Magdalena Zajac13, Hristo Daskalov14, Helmut W. Saatkamp4 and Katharina D. C. Stärk15 Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in bacteria and associated human morbidity and mortality is increasing. The use of antimicrobials in livestock selects for AMR that can subsequently be transferred to humans. This… Read more

August 3rd, 2018

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Antimicrobial Resistance in the Food Chain in the European Union

Antimicrobial Resistance in the Food Chain in the European Union

The book Biological Emerging Risks in Foods edited by Academic Press includes this chapter

Consumers require safety foods but without losing enough supply and low prices. Food concerns about antimicrobial residues and antimicrobial-resistant (AMR) bacteria are not usually appropriately separated and could be perceived as the same problem. The monitoring of residues of antimicrobials in animal food is well established at different levels (farm, slaughterhouse, and industry), and it is preceded by the legislation of veterinary medicines where maximum residues limits are required for medicines to be used in food animal. Following the strategy of the World Health Organization, one of th… Read more

August 2nd, 2018

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Resistencia a Antibióticos: tiempo de actuar

Conference in Cursos de La Granda. Tecnología microbiana, salud y calidad de vida. Un homenaje al profesor Julio R. Villanueva (1928-2017)

Related news in other media:

- Las bacterias van ganando la batalla a los antibióticos - lne.es

August 1st, 2018

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Research in Veterinary Science

Exploring the oxidative, antimicrobial and genomic properties of Campylobacter jejuni strains isolated from poultry

Investigation article published in Research in Veterinary Science

Campylobacter jejuni is the leading cause of food-borne bacterial enteritis in humans, with contaminated poultry products considered the main source of infection. To survive the food chain, C. jejuni utilizes multiple defense mechanisms that counter oxidative and aerobic stresses. In this study, we phenotypically characterised 63 C. jejuni strains with oxidative stress survival and antimicrobial susceptibility testing to investigate correlations between these two phenotypes against the source of the strains and the presence of the MarR regulators RrpA and RrpB which have a role in regulating t… Read more

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