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November, 2020 news


November 30th, 2020

Via publiDB


Curso de actualización de tuberculosis bovina

Perspectivas de futuro en diagnóstico de tuberculosis animal

Oral communication in Curso de actualización de tuberculosis bovina




November 29th, 2020

Via publiDB


Animals

Computer Vision Applied to Detect Lethargy through Animal Motion Monitoring: A Trial on African Swine Fever in Wild Boar

Investigation article published in Animals


Early detection of infectious diseases is the most cost-effective strategy in disease surveillance for reducing the risk of outbreaks. Latest deep learning and computer vision improvements are powerful tools that potentially open up a new field of research in epidemiology and disease control. These techniques were used here to develop an algorithm aimed to track and compute animal motion in real time. This algorithm was used in experimental trials in order to assess African swine fever (ASF) infection course in Eurasian wild boar. Overall, the outcomes showed negative correlation between motio… Read more




November 27th, 2020

Via publiDB


Diagnosis of Tuberculosis Infection using the In Vitro Gamma-Interferon detection Assay

VISAVET has participated inBovine Tuberculosis Learning Material Database of VISAVET Centro de Vigilancia Sanitaria Veterinaria. Universidad Complutense, European Commission


Tuberculosis infection in cattle and other animal species is mainly detected by immunological tests, such as the skin test or the gamma interferon assay. This video describes the steps, requirements of the blood samples and methodology used to carry out the in vitro detection assay… Read more



Related news in other media:


- VISAVET muestra la técnica de detección de tuberculosis a través del inferferón gamma - feagas.com




November 26th, 2020

Via publiDB


A one health framework to estimate the cost of antimicrobial resistance

Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control publish this investigation article


Objectives/purpose: The costs attributable to antimicrobial resistance (AMR) remain theoretical and largely unspecified. Current figures fail to capture the full health and economic burden caused by AMR across human, animal, and environmental health; historically many studies have considered only direct costs associated with human infection from a hospital perspective, primarily from high-income countries. The Global Antimicrobial Resistance Platform for ONE-Burden Estimates (GAP-ON€) network has developed a framework to help guide AMR costing exercises in any part of the world as a first step… Read more




November 25th, 2020

Via publiDB


Journal of Clinical Microbiology

Direct PCR on tissue samples to detect Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex: an alternative to the bacteriological culture

Investigation article published in Journal of Clinical Microbiology


Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is an ongoing issue in several countries within the European Union (EU). Microbiological culture is the official confirmation technique for the presence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC) members in bovine tissues, but several methodological issues, such as moderate sensitivity and long incubation times, require the development of more sensitive and rapid techniques. This study evaluates the analytical and diagnostic performance, comparatively to culture, of a real-time PCR targeting the MTBC-specific IS6110 transposon using a panel of bovine tissue samples … Read more




November 25th, 2020

Via publiDB


Conferencia Magistral. Obesidad y otras pandemias: contribución de la educación en la próxima década para su prevención

Oral communication in 1º Congreso Internacional de Medicina de la Obesidad (CIMO)




November 25th, 2020

Via publiDB


La tuberculosis en la interfaz entre ganado doméstico y fauna cinegética

Online communication in Técnicas innovadoras para el control integral de la tuberculosis en los ecosistemas extensivos




November 23rd, 2020

Via publiDB


La ciencia frente al COVID

¿Qué es el coronavirus?

Interview in La ciencia frente al COVID of Radio Televisión Española




November 23rd, 2020

Vía animalshealth.es


Premian a los mejores doctorados de veterinaria de la UCM

Premios doctorados de veterinaria de la UCM


La Facultad de Veterinaria de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid, con el apoyo de Colvema, ha celebrado su VI Jornada VETINDOC-PhDay Complutense para promover la divulgación del trabajo desarrollado por sus doctorandos…




November 20th, 2020

Via publiDB


ucm.es Cultura Científica

¿Usamos los antibióticos con responsabilidad? La lucha contra la resistencia antimicrobiana, un problema global

Interview in ucm.es Cultura Científica of Oficina de Transferencia de Resultados de Investigación. Universidad Complutense


¿Su proceso es vírico o bacteriano? Si la respuesta es “da igual pero por si acaso tomo antibiótico”, es un gran error que puede costarle la vida. El abuso de antibióticos sin conciencia convierte a las bacterias -su enemigo a batir- en súpervillanas a las que estos fármacos no les afectan. Es la llamada resistencia a los antimicrobianos, un problema de salud pública mundial. Del 18 al 24 de noviembre se celebra la Semana Mundial de Concienciación sobre el Uso de los Antibióticos y resolvemos algunas de las dudas más frecuentes entre la población sobre esta materia con la Doctora María Ugarte … Read more



Related news in other media:


- Una veterinaria resuelve dudas sobre las resistencias antimicrobianas - animalshealth.es




November 18th, 2020

Via publiDB


Resistencias antimicrobianas y One Health

REDRISA publish this article


En este artículo, y coincidiendo con el Día Europeo del Uso Prudente de los Antibióticos, se presentan las principales líneas de investigación en relación a la resistencia de antimicrobianos de investigadores del Centro VISAVET y de los Departamentos de Sanidad Animal y de Medicina y Cirugía Animal de la Facultad de Veterinaria de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid… Read more



Related news in other media:


- ¿Cómo se trabaja en España en la lucha contra la resistencia antimicrobiana? - diarioveterinario.com




November 18th, 2020

Via publiDB


COVID-19 y Resistencia: ¿Cuál será el impacto de la COVID-19 en el uso de los antibióticos? ¿Puede el enfoque One Health prevenir otra pandemia?

Online communication in Jornada Online del Día Europeo para el Uso Prudente de los Antibióticos 2020



Related news in other media:


- Los chismes son más atractivos que lo que dice la ciencia - rtve.es

- RNE estrena cinco programas especiales sobre la ciencia y el coronavirus - diariosigloxxi.com




November 13rd, 2020

Via publiDB


Frontiers in veterinary science

Quantifying Antimicrobial Exposure in Dogs From a Longitudinal Study

Investigation article published in Frontiers in veterinary science


Bacterial resistance to antimicrobials (AMR) is a growing public health threat, and exposure to antimicrobials (AMs) is, on the whole, a major risk factor for the occurrence of AMR. During the past decade, a limited number of studies about AM exposure in dogs have been published, showing a noticeable diversity regarding numerators (AMU), denominators (population at risk), and indicators. The aim of this study is to show that metrics based on the most easily recorded data about treatments and a follow-up design are a promising method for a preliminary assessment of AM exposure in companion anim… Read more



Related news in other media:


- Proponen 2 métodos para medir el uso de antibióticos en centros veterinarios - animalshealth.es

- Estudian cómo evaluar el uso de antimicrobianos en perros españoles - diarioveterinario.com




November 13rd, 2020

Vía ucm.es


Nuevos formatos pero ilusiones intactas: la Semana de la Ciencia organizada con más incertidumbre sale reforzada

Semana de la Ciencia


Con mascarillas y guardando las distancias de seguridad en aulas y laboratorios o desde el sofá de casa, viéndonos las caras con un café en la mano. Escenarios diferentes pero el mismo sentimiento: la pasión por el conocimiento y la divulgación. Sin duda, en la Universidad Complutense de Madrid recordaremos la XX Semana de la Ciencia y la Innovación como la edición de la reinvención ante la incertidumbre. ¿Quieres saber cómo la vivimos?…




November 10th, 2020

Via publiDB


Resistance to colistin and production of extended-spectrum Beta-lactamases and/or AmpC enzymes in Salmonella isolates collected from healthy pigs in Northwest Spain in two periods: 2008-2009 and 2018

Investigation published in International Journal of Food Microbiology


Salmonellosis is a common subclinical infection in pigs and therefore apparently healthy animals may represent a reservoir of antibiotic-resistant Salmonella for humans. This study estimates and characterizes resistance to two classes of antimicrobials considered of the highest priority within the critically important antimicrobials for humans, i.e. colistin (CR) and 3rd generation cephalosporins (3GC), on a collection of Salmonella isolates from pigs from two periods: between 2008 and 09, when colistin was massively used; and in 2018, after three years under a National Plan against Antibiotic… Read more




November 10th, 2020

Via publiDB


BMC Veterinary Research

Tuberculosis caused by Mycobacterium caprae in a camel (Camelus dromedarius)

Investigation article published in BMC Veterinary Research


Background Animal tuberculosis (TB) is distributed worldwide and has a wide range of wild and domestic reservoirs. Few studies concerning TB in camelids have been published in the last decade, particularly as regards Old World Camelids (OWC), but the increase in reports of TB outbreaks in these species in recent years suggests a high susceptibility to the infection. Case presentation We studied a dromedary camel (Camelus dromedarius) herd (n = 24) in which a Mycobacterium caprae infection was detected. The TB infection was confirmed in one animal at necropsy through the detectio… Read more



Related news in other media:


- Veterinarios detectan tuberculosis en un dromedario del sureste de España - animalshealth.es




November 10th, 2020

Via publiDB


Semana de la Ciencia en la Universidad Complutense. Actividades del Centro VISAVET

Interview in Buenos días Madrid of Telemadrid




November 9th, 2020

Via publiDB


Frontiers in Microbiology

Complementarity of selective culture and qPCR for colistin resistance screening in fresh and frozen pig caecum samples

Investigation published in Frontiers in Microbiology


Retrospective studies involving the screening of frozen stored collections of samples are commonplace when a new threat emerges, but it has been demonstrated that the freeze-thaw process can affect bacterial viability. The study of colistin-resistant bacteria in human and animal samples is an example of this issue. In this study we compared culture-based and PCR-based methods for analysing both relative occurrence and diversity of colistin-resistant bacteria in caecal samples to determine the most appropriate method for frozen samples. Thus, 272 isolates from the caecal contents of healthy pig… Read more




November 1st, 2020

Via publiDB


Forensic Science International

Forensic cases of suspected dog and cat abuse in the Community of Madrid (Spain), 2014-2019

Investigation article published in Forensic Science International


Companion animal abuse is an issue that concerns not only veterinarians and law enforcement agencies but also society in general. Animals that die under suspicious or violent circumstances should be submitted to reference laboratories for a postmortem examination by veterinary forensic pathologists trained to recognize animal abuse. Nevertheless, the low notification rate of such cases in Spain may explain the country’s lag in the development of veterinary forensics and the limited information available on animal abuse epidemiology in comparison with other countries. By sharing information amo… Read more



Related news in other media:


- Los veterinarios pueden ser claves para detectar violencia de género - animalshealth.es

- Primer estudio forense de maltrato de perros y gatos en España - animalshealth.es




November 1st, 2020

Via publiDB


Oxford University Press

Extensive antimicrobial resistance mobilization via multicopy plasmid encapsidation mediated by temperate phages

The Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy publish this investigation article


Objectives: To investigate the relevance of multicopy plasmids in antimicrobial resistance and assess their mobilization mediated by phage particles. Methods: Several databases with complete sequences of plasmids and annotated genes were analysed. The 16S methyltransferase gene armA conferring high-level aminoglycoside resistance was used as a marker in eight different plasmids, from different incompatibility groups, and with differing sizes and plasmid copy numbers. All plasmids were transformed into Escherichia coli bearing one of four different lysogenic phages. Upon induction, encapsidati… Read more




November 1st, 2020

Via publiDB


Ticks and Tick-Borne Diseases

Phylogenetic analysis and geographical distribution of Theileria equi and Babesia caballi sequences from horses residing in Spain

Ticks and Tick-Borne Diseases publish this investigation article


The intraerythrocytic protozoans Theileria equi and Babesia caballi are the causative agents of equine piroplasmosis (EP), one of the most important equine tick-borne diseases due to its significant impact on global international horse trade. Although EP is known to be endemic in Spain, previous phylogenetic studies have only been conducted for limited geographical regions. Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate the genetic diversity and distribution of these parasite species nationwide. This was performed by amplification of the 18S small subunit (SSU) rRNA gene from 100 … Read more




November 1st, 2020

Via publiDB


Oxford University Press

Dietary Supplementation with Fermented Defatted Alperujo Induces Modifications of the Intestinal Mucosa and Cecal Microbiota of Broiler Chickens

Investigation article published in Poultry science


Nutraceuticals are not only nutritionally beneficial for animals, but also their use as feed supplements may reduce environmental contamination. The effect of fermented defatted ‘alperujo’, an olive oil by-product, supplementation on the intestinal health of broiler chickens was assessed by analyzing the intestinal mucosal morphology of the duodenum and the cecum. The microbiota of the cecum was also characterized by analyzing the V3-V4 region of the 16S rRNA gene on days 7, 14, 21, 28, 35 and 42. Supplemented broilers from 14 to 35 days old showed an increase in villus height in the duodenum.… Read more




November 1st, 2020

Via publiDB


Was ancient Rome the perfect environment for zoonoses transmission?

Investigation published in Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease


Environmental and cultural factors driving the emergence and the maintenance of transmissible diseases are numerous. Those specific for the most common zoonoses have received little attention in historic studies, despite they were probably a heavy component of the total disease burden in antiquity and, therefore, a keystone of History. We want to provide a deductive approach to some of them, despite most of the possible associations between risk or predisposing factors and specific diseases are merely theoretical. However, since the most common zoonoses are still a heavy disease burden, they p… Read more







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