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May, 2020 news

May 29th, 2020

Via publiDB


Environmental DNA: A Promising Factor for Tuberculosis Risk Assessment in Multi-Host Settings

PLoS ONE publish this investigation article

Attaining and maintaining the Official Tuberculosis Free status continues to be a challenge when several domestic and wild hosts contribute to the maintenance of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTC). Local tuberculosis hotspots are sometimes identified in cattle in low-prevalence regions. We have, therefore, studied one such hotspot in depth in order to produce an epidemiological diagnosis. Host population size and MTC prevalence were estimated in selected wildlife and in livestock, while on-cattle environmental DNA detection was additionally used as a proxy for risk of exposure at the… Read more

May 29th, 2020

Via publiDB


Retrospective Spatial Analysis for African Swine Fever in Endemic Areas to Assess Interactions Between Susceptible Host Populations

Investigation published in PLoS ONE

African Swine Fever (ASF) is one of the most complex and significant diseases from a sanitary-economic perspective currently affecting the world`s swine-farming industry. ASF has been endemic in Sardinia (Italy) since 1978, and several control and eradication programmes have met with limited success. In this traditional ASF endemic area, there are three susceptible host populations for this virus sharing the same habitat: wild boar, farmed domestic pigs and non-registered free-ranging pigs (known as "brado" animals). The main goal of this study was to determine and predict fine-scale spatial i… Read more

May 28th, 2020

Via publiDB

Parte II. Medidas por sectores contra el COVID-19. Prevención de amenazas silenciosas

Oral communication in V Congreso Internacional de Comunicación y Seguridad en Eventos

May 28th, 2020

Via publiDB

One Health EJP Annual Scientific Meeting

Communications in this event:

- Effect of colistin on the selection of mcr-1 in bacteria in broiler chicken gut

- FARMED: Fast Antimicrobial Resistance & Mobile-Element Detection using metagenomics for animal and human on-site tests

- METAPRO: Metagenomics and genomic approaches for the prevention of the spread of plazomicin resistance in humans, animals and the environment

- Avant: alternatives to veterinary antimicrobials

- First report of trimethoprim resistance gene dfrA36 on an IncF-plasmid in Escherichia coli isolated from day-old chicks

- Characterization of simultaneous antimicrobial resistance to aminoglycosides and macrolides in thermophilic Campylobacter in Spanish livestock

- Epidemiology of Salmonella Kentucky ST 198 resistant clones from poultry flocks in Spain

- Development of algorithms for automated detection of Salmonella outbreaks in Minnesota, US

- Fermented defatted alperujo (FDA) reduces histopathological lesions and Brachyspira spp. excretion in naturally infected laying hens

- CARE: Cross-sectoral framework for quality assurance resources for countries in the European Union

- In vivo analysis of E. coli strains selected for different host specificities by a "Nearest Neighbour" bioinformatics approach in experimentally inoculated piglets

- The survival of 17 E. coli strains within an in vitro model of the chicken caeca

- Detection and antimicrobial characterization of Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica isolated from eggs at retail in Madrid, Spain from 2003 to 2019

- Characterization of toxicogenic and AMR profiles of Clostridium perfringens isolates recovered from Spanish ruminant population

- Comparison of gene targets for Campylobacter fetus PCR-identification using high throughput sequencing as gold standard

- Molecular characterization of antimicrobial resistance genes on Staphylococcus pseudintermedius isolates recovered from dogs in Spain

May 27th, 2020

Via publiDB

COVID-19 in a Rural Community: Outbreak Dynamics, Contact Tracing and Environmental RNA

Life Sciences publish this article

Background: Since March 2020, Spain is severely hit by the ongoing pandemic of coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Understanding and disrupting the early transmission dynamics of the infection is crucial for impeding sustained transmission. Methods: We recorded all COVID-19 cases and traced their contacts in an isolated rural community. We also sampled 10 households, 6 public service sites and the wastewater from the village sewage for environmental SARS-CoV-2 RNA. Results: The first village patient diagnosed with COVID-19-c… Read more

May 25th, 2020

Via publiDB


Perros, gatos, grandes felinos... y ahora visones. ¿Qué pasa con los animales domésticos y COVID-19?

New article published in SINC

No estamos seguros. Sí, ha leído bien: no lo sabemos con certeza. Todos los datos disponibles hasta la fecha apuntan a que los animales domésticos han sido, como en otras ocasiones, víctimas colaterales y anecdóticas por ahora de esta crisis sanitaria. A perros, gatos y grandes felinos se unen visones, susceptibles al virus, y que podrían haber infectado a un trabajador de una granja. Pero faltan muchos datos para confirmarlo… Read more

May 20th, 2020

Via publiDB

Ciencia. El País

Científicos holandeses alertan del posible primer salto conocido del coronavirus de animales a humanos en una granja de visones

Interview in Ciencia. El País of El País

Los investigadores creen que uno de estos mustélidos ha podido contagiar a un trabajador en un criadero neerlandés… Read more

May 17th, 2020

Via publiDB

La degradación de ecosistemas, gasolina para las epidemias

Interview in diarioinformacion.com of Prensa Ibérica

Deforestación, pérdida de biodiversidad, calentamiento global y movimiento de personas y mercancías acercan los patógenos de los animales al ser humano. Más del 70% de las enfermedades infecciosas emergentes en los últimos 40 años son zoonosis… Read more

Related news in other media:

- La degradación de ecosistemas, gasolina para las epidemias - diariocordoba.com

May 13rd, 2020

Via publiDB

Frontiers in veterinary science

Lessons Learned From the Stakeholder Engagement in Research: Application of Spatial Analytical Tools in One Health Problems

Investigation article published in Frontiers in veterinary science

Stakeholder engagement in research is widely advocated as a tool to integrate diverse knowledge and perspectives in the management of health threats while addressing potential conflicts of interest. Although guidelines for stakeholder engagement exist in public health and environmental sciences, the feasibility of actionable decisions based on scientific analyses and the lessons learned from the stakeholder engagement in the process co-creation of knowledge have been rarely discussed in One Health literature and veterinary sciences. Risk maps and risk regionalization using spatiotemporal epide… Read more

May 8th, 2020

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Early OXA-48-Producing Enterobacterales Isolates Recovered in a Spanish Hospital Reveal a Complex Introduction Dominated by Sequence Type 11 (ST11) and ST405 Klebsiella pneumoniae Clones

mSphere publish this investigation article

Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacterales (CPE) have become an important public health concern. In our hospital, VIM enzymes were first detected in 2005, Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC) enzymes in 2009, and OXA-48 enzymes in 2012. We assess the population biology of the first OXA-48-producing Enterobacterales isolates recovered in our hospital (2012 to 2013) where infections by other carbapenemases had been endemic for several years. Over a 21-month period, 71 isolates (61 Klebsiella pneumoniae, 5 Escherichia coli, 2 Klebsiella aerogenes, and 1 each of Enteroba… Read more

May 8th, 2020

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Asociación entre resistencia a antibióticos y serotipos en Salmonella de transmisión alimentaria

Revista Madrileña de Salud Pública publish this article

La salmonelosis es una de las principales zoonosis de transmisión alimentaria a nivel mundial y europeo y está causada por Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica, que se divide en más de 2.500 serotipos. Una de las principales fuentes de infección en humanos son el huevo y sus derivados. La salmonelosis suele cursar con signos gastrointestinales autolimitantes, pero en casos de bacteriemia, pacientes graves o inmunodeprimidos es imprescindible el tratamiento antibiótico. Por ello, la aparición de resistencias a antimicrobianos en cepas de Salmonella supone una amenaza para la Salud Pública. En… Read more

May 8th, 2020

Via publiDB

Coronavirus: Por qué no lo vimos venir

Interview in La Sexta Columna of Atresmedia

El espacio habla con expertos mundiales para saber cómo puede la humanidad ganar la batalla al coronavirus y averiguar cómo serán las pandemias del futuro. Con quienes tienen ya entre sus manos una posible vacuna que podría poner fin a esta crisis sanitaria… Read more

May 8th, 2020

Via publiDB

Ciencia. El País

Detectado el primer gato infectado con coronavirus en España

Interview in Ciencia. El País of El País

Los expertos recuerdan que las infecciones en animales son “anecdóticas” y que no se ha demostrado que las mascotas puedan transmitir la enfermedad a las personas… Read more

May 7th, 2020

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Ingeniero, médico o psicólogo: estas son las profesiones que combaten el coronavirus

Interview in Economía of El País

La crisis sanitaria de la Covid-19 involucra a múltiples disciplinas que ganarán relevancia en la sociedad posterior a la pandemia… Read more

May 4th, 2020

Vía bbvaopenmind.com

El mundo en proceso de cambio: pos COVID-19

Pos COVID-19

May 2nd, 2020

Via publiDB


Evaluation of Volatile Organic Compounds Obtained from Breath and Feces to Detect Mycobacterium tuberculosis Complex in Wild Boar (Sus scrofa) in Doñana National Park, Spain

Investigation published in Pathogens

The presence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC) in wild swine, such as in wild boar (Sus scrofa) in Eurasia, is cause for serious concern. Development of accurate, efficient, and noninvasive methods to detect MTBC in wild swine would be highly beneficial to surveillance and disease management efforts in affected populations. Here, we describe the first report of identification of volatile organic compounds (VOC) obtained from the breath and feces of wild boar to distinguish between MTBC-positive and MTBC-negative boar. We analyzed breath and fecal VOC collected from 15 MTBC-positive … Read more

Related news in other media:

- ¿Son los buitres portadores de patógenos resistentes a los antibióticos? - animalshealth.es

May 2nd, 2020

Via publiDB

Coronavirus: el enigma de su origen

Interview in YouTube of Milenio Live

May 1st, 2020

Via publiDB

Transboundary and Emerging Diseases

Wild griffon vultures (Gyps fulvus) fed at supplementary feeding stations: Potential carriers of pig pathogens and pig-derived antimicrobial resistance?

Transboundary and Emerging Diseases publish this investigation article

The carriage of two important pathogens of pigs, i.e. enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC) and Clostridioides difficile, was investigated in 104 cloacal samples from wild griffon vultures (Gyps fulvus) fed on pig carcasses at supplementary feeding stations (SFS), along with their level of antimicrobial resistance (AMR). E. coli was isolated from 90 (86.5%) samples but no ETEC was detected, likely because ETEC fimbriae confer the species specificity of the pathogen. Resistance to at least one antimicrobial agent was detected in 89.9% of E. coli isolates, being AMR levels extremely high (>70%) for tet… Read more

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