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July, 2022 news


July 26th, 2022

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Profesión Veterinaria

Importancia del estudio de la sanidad de los cetáceos a propósito de un varamiento masivo de delfines listados en Cantabria

Profesión Veterinaria publish this article


El papel de la profesión veterinaria en el estudio y conservación de la fauna silvestre cada vezse demuestra más relevante. En elárea de la sanidad animal, existenmuchas enfermedades compartidasdonde la fauna silvestre tiene unpapel principal en la transmisióny mantenimiento de enfermedadesinfecciosas de interés veterinario.Esta importancia del estudiodel estado sanitario de la faunasilvestre también se refleja en elecosistema marino. El estudio delos cetáceos es especialmente interesante porque se consideran especies centinelas, emblemáticas y paraguas. Además, es importante por su implicació… Read more




July 26th, 2022

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Profesión Veterinaria

SEVEMUR 2007-2022: 15 años de VISAVET en la gestión del Servicio Veterinario de Urgencia del Ayuntamiento de Madrid

New article published in Profesión Veterinaria


El Centro de Vigilancia Sanitaria (VISAVET) de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid resume la gestión realizada en el Servicio Veterinario de Urgencia del Ayuntamiento de Madrid, conocido como SEVEMUR, durante el periodo que ha sido adjudicatario de esta licitación pública. Quince años de actividad ininterrumpida, 24 horas diarias durante los 365 días del año, realizada por profesionales veterinarios que se desplazan por los distintos distritos de la ciudad de Madrid donde se comunicaba la presencia en la vía pública de animales enfermos o heridos, perdidos o abandonados o en situación de desa… Read more




July 25th, 2022

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Scientific reports

Budd-Chiari-like pathology in dolphins

Scientific reports publish this investigation article


Nearly two decades ago, pathologic examination results suggested that acoustic factors, such as mid-frequency active naval military sonar (MFAS) could be the cause of acute decompression-like sickness in stranded beaked whales. Acute systemic gas embolism in these whales was reported together with enigmatic cystic liver lesions (CLL), characterized by intrahepatic encapsulated gas-filled cysts, tentatively interpreted as "gas-bubble" lesions in various other cetacean species. Here we provide a pathologic reinterpretation of CLL in odontocetes. Among 1,200 cetaceans necropsied, CLL were only ob… Read more




July 22nd, 2022

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Alejandro Navarro Gómez

Hepatitis E in the pig production chain: from farm to fork

PhD Thesis defense by Alejandro Navarro Gómez at the VISAVET Centre of the Complutense University of Madrid


Hepatitis E (HE) is one of the main acute viral hepatitis worldwide, and can represent an important problem in Public Health. The virus responsible for this disease is the hepatitis E virus (HEV), belonging to the Hepeviridae family. To date, 8 different genotypes of HEV are known. The genotypes that affect humans are genotypes 1-4, although the possible zoonotic potential of genotypes 5, 7 and 8 has been described. In developed countries, the causes of HE in humans are genotype 3 and 4, generally associated with the consumption of contaminated and under cooked food. The main animal reservoir … Read more



Related news in other media:


- Piden implantar medidas de vigilancia frente a la hepatitis E en el porcino de España - animalshealth.es




July 21st, 2022

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Silvia Úbeda Jiménez

Zoonosis in wild ruminants and wild boars in the Region of Madrid

Silvia Úbeda Jiménez defended this Degree Final Project


Los patógenos infecciosos presentes en la fauna silvestre han adquirido una importancia creciente en nuestra sociedad ya que tienen un impacto trascendente sobre la Salud Pública por su capacidad de transmitirse a los humanos, lo que se conoce como zoonosis, y por ello es necesario llevar una adecuada vigilancia y control de estas enfermedades. El objetivo de este estudio es determinar la prevalencia de diferentes patógenos zoonósicos de relevancia en rumiantes salvajes y jabalíes en la Comunidad de Madrid durante el año 2021, enmarcados en el sistema de Vigilancia de fauna silvestre de esta r… Read more




July 21st, 2022

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Evaluación del efecto de la administración parenteral de AINEs y glucocoticoides en las pruebas de diagnóstico oficial de tuberculosis bovina en un modelo experimental caprino

Carlos Velasco Reinaldos defended this Degree Final Project


El rendimiento de las pruebas de diagnóstico de la tuberculosis (TB) en los rumiantes domésticos se puede ver afectado por diferentes factores. El objetivo del presente estudio fue evaluar si la aplicación fraudulenta vía parenteral de ketoprofeno (antiinflamatorio no esteroideo o AINE) o de dexametasona (glucocorticoide) en el ganado puede provocar interferencias en la prueba de diagnóstico oficial, la intradermotuberculinización (IDTB). El modelo animal experimental elegido para el estudio fue el caprino. Se seleccionaron aleatoriamente 90 animales de un rebaño de aptitud lechera con una pr… Read more




July 21st, 2022

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Esther Vázquez Fernández

Histopathological and immunohistochemical study of premature senescence of cells in forensic cases of dogs starvation due to animal abuse

Degree Final Project defended by Esther Vázquez Fernández


Animal abuse is of mayor concern in today`s society, with an increasing number of reported cases. Violence towards animals is considered an additional factor of interpersonal violence, making essential to advance in the field of forensic veterinary pathology. Starvation, the involuntary loss of body mass, is one of the main causes of death in cases of animal abuse. Starvation is due to a catabolic state that induce atrophy in most organs. However, the mechanism beyond atrophy is not fully understood. The aim of this research is to retrospectively study a series of dog forensic cases diagnosed … Read more




July 20th, 2022

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Master universitario en Microbiología y Parasitología: Investigación y Desarrollo

De la facultad a un Laboratorio de referencia de microbiología

Oral communication in Master universitario en Microbiología y Parasitología: Investigación y Desarrollo




July 18th, 2022

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Animals

Corynebacterium conjunctivae: A New Corynebacterium Species Isolated from the Ocular Surface of Healthy Horses

Investigation published in Animals


Twenty-two unidentified Gram-positive, rod-shaped organisms were recovered from the conjunctival surface of apparently healthy horses and subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic analysis. Based on cellular morphology and biochemical criteria, the isolates were tentatively assigned to the genus Corynebacterium, although they did not match any recognized species. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequencing studies demonstrated that all of the isolates were phylogenetically members of the genus Corynebacterium. The isolates shared 99.4 to 100% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity among the strains and 96.5% si… Read more




July 11st, 2022

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Frontiers in Microbiology

Use of Whole-Genome Sequencing to Unravel the Genetic Diversity of a Prevalent Mycobacterium bovis Spoligotype in a Multi-Host Scenario in Spain

Investigation published in Frontiers in Microbiology


Despite the efforts invested in the eradication of bovine tuberculosis in Spain, herd prevalence has remained constant in the country during the last 15 years (~1.5–1.9%) due to a combination of epidemiological factors impairing disease control, including between-species transmission. Here, our aim was to investigate the molecular diversity of Mycobacterium bovis isolates belonging to the highly prevalent SB0339 spoligotype in the cattle-wildlife interface in different regions of Spain using whole-genome sequencing (WGS). Genomic data of 136 M. bovis isolates recovered from different ani… Read more




July 6th, 2022

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Andrea Marcos Baqueiro

Puesta a punto y optimización de PCR a tiempo real para Vibrio spp.

Degree Final Project defended by Andrea Marcos Baqueiro


Aquaculture is a growing sector whose aim is the production of aquatic organisms such as animals and plants. Currently, infectious diseases are a great challenge for this sector. Therefore, it is necessary not only to implement prophylactic measures, but also to have diagnostic methods to obtain reliable results in a short period of time and at low cost. Among the most relevant pathogens in health surveillance in aquaculture, some species such as Vibrio alginolyticus, Vibrio anguillarum and Vibrio harvey stand out for representing a serious problem when it comes to their detection and precise … Read more




July 5th, 2022

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Gonzalo Pérez Serrano

Detection of bacteria of the genus Rickettsia in ticks and development of a high resolution melting technique

Degree Final Project defended by Gonzalo Pérez Serrano


Ricekttsioses are a group of emerging zoonotic pathologies caused by bacteria of the genus Rickettsia. These bacteria are Gram-negative, intracellular bacillococci, and the diseases they produce are transmitted to vertebrates by vectors such as ticks, mites, fleas and lice. Due to their highly conserved genome, there are limitations in the identification of the different species of rickettsiae. In this work, the molecular detection of bacteria of the genus Rickettsia in ticks has been carried out by performing conventional PCR and sequencing of the ompA and ompB genes, which is a laborious and… Read more




July 1st, 2022

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Journal of Wildlife Diseases

Bacteremia and Aortic Valvular Endocarditis in a Eurasian Stone-Curlew (Burhinus oedicnemus distinctus) Due to Streptococcus dysgalactiae

Investigation article published in Journal of Wildlife Diseases


Burhinus oedicnemus distinctus is an endemic subspecies of Eurasian Stone-curlew present in the Canary Islands. Their populations are rapidly declining, mainly because of anthropogenic impacts. This report describes valvular endocarditis and septicemia in a Eurasian Stone-Curlew with left foot loss and severe contralateral bumblefoot… Read more




July 1st, 2022

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Veterinary Microbiology

Clonal and plasmid-mediated flow of ESBL/AmpC genes in Escherichia coli in a commercial laying hen farm

Veterinary Microbiology publish this investigation article


Resistance to third- and fourth-generation cephalosporins in Escherichia coli is mainly due to extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBL) and AmpC cephalosporinases, which have been increasingly reported, mainly in isolates from humans and poultry. The aim of this study was to address the flow of antimicrobial resistance determinants in the full laying hen production cycle (four batches followed from day-old chicks to 83/84-week-old layers), using cephalosporin-resistant E. coli as a model and their characterization using whole genome sequencing (WGS). Fifteen out of 22 samples analysed yielde… Read more




July 1st, 2022

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Research in Veterinary Science

Factors affecting the performance of P22 ELISA for the diagnosis of caprine tuberculosis in milk samples

Investigation article published in Research in Veterinary Science


Caprine tuberculosis (TB) is a zoonosis caused by members of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC). Caprine TB eradication programmes are based mainly on intradermal tuberculin tests and slaughterhouse surveillance. However, the use of serological test has been extended as a potential diagnostic tool in goats through the use of serum, plasma, or even milk samples. Milk production and the antibodies (Ab) present in milk can vary depending on several circumstances. In the present study, different factors that may affect the performance of humoral TB diagnosis were analysed using goat mil… Read more




July 1st, 2022

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Transboundary and Emerging Diseases

Benchtop nuclear magnetic resonance-based metabolomic approach for the diagnosis of bovine tuberculosis

Transboundary and Emerging Diseases publish this investigation article


Even though enormous efforts and control strategies have been implemented, bovine tuberculosis (TB) remains a significant source of health and socioeconomic concern. The standard method used in TB eradication programs for in vivo detection is the tuberculin skin test. However, the specificity of the tuberculin skin test is affected by infection with non-tuberculous mycobacteria or by vaccination. Thus, some animals are not correctly diagnosed. This study aimed firstly to identify a plasma metabolic TB profile by high-field (HF) nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR), and secondly measur… Read more









Next Meetings and Congresses
November 16th-18th, 2022
II Workshop Ibérico en Tuberculosis Animal
UCO
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