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Dynamic Network of Interactions in the Wildlife-Livestock Interface in Mediterranean Spain: An Epidemiological Point of View

Pathogens publica este artículo de investigación

13 de febrero de 2020

The correct management of diseases that are transmitted between wildlife and livestock requires a reliable estimate of the pathogen transmission rate. The calculation of this parameter is a challenge for epidemiologists, since transmission can occur through multiple pathways. The social network analysis is a widely used tool in epidemiology due to its capacity to identify individuals and communities with relevant roles for pathogen transmission. In the present work, we studied the dynamic network of interactions in a complex epidemiological scenario using information from different methodologies. In 2015, nine red deer, seven fallow deer, six wild boar and nine cattle were simultaneously monitored using GPS-GSM-Proximity collars in Doñana National Park. In addition, 16 proximity loggers were set in aggregation points. Using the social network analysis, we studied the dynamic network of interactions, including direct and indirect interactions, between individuals of different species and the potential transmission of pathogens within this network. The results show a high connection between species through indirect interactions, with a marked seasonality in the conformation of new interactions. Within the network, we differentiated four communities that included individuals of all the species. Regarding the transmission of pathogens, we observed the important role that fallow deer could be playing in the maintenance and transmission of pathogens to livestock. The present work shows the need to consider different types of methodologies in order to understand the complete functioning of the network of interactions at the wildlife/livestock interface. It also provides a methodological approach applicable to the management of shared diseases




Triguero-Ocana R., Martinez-Lopez B., Vicente J., Barasona JA., Martinez-Guijosa J. y Acevedo P.




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Dynamic Network of Interactions in the Wildlife-Livestock Interface in Mediterranean Spain: An Epidemiological Point of View

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Dynamic Network of Interactions in the Wildlife-Livestock Interface in Mediterranean Spain: An Epidemiological Point of View


Participantes:

Gobierno de Castilla-La ManchaInstituto de Investigación en Recursos Cinegéticos (IREC). Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC). Universidad de Castilla La Mancha (UCLM). Gobierno de Castilla-La Mancha (JCCM).

University of California-DavisDepartment of Medicine & Epidemiology. School of Veterinary Medicine. University of California-Davis (UCDAVIS).

Universidad de Castilla La ManchaE.T.S. Ingenieros Agrónomos y Montes de Albacete (ETSIAM). Instituto de Desarrollo Regional (IDR). Universidad de Castilla La Mancha (UCLM).

Universidad ComplutenseServicio de Inmunología Viral y Medicina Preventiva (SUAT). Centro de Vigilancia Sanitaria Veterinaria (VISAVET). Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Universidad ComplutenseDepartamento de Sanidad Animal. Facultad de Veterinaria. Universidad Complutense (UCM).







Pathogens
FACTOR YEAR Q
3.405 2018

NLMID: 101596317

PMID: 32069995

ISSN: 2076-0817



TÍTULO: Dynamic Network of Interactions in the Wildlife-Livestock Interface in Mediterranean Spain: An Epidemiological Point of View


REVISTA: Pathogens


NUMERACIÓN: 9:120(1-16)


AÑO: 2020


EDITORIAL: MDPI


AUTORES: Triguero-Ocana R., Martinez-Lopez B., Vicente J., Barasona JA., Martinez-Guijosa J. and Acevedo P.


PARTICIPANTES VISAVET


José Ángel Barasona García-Arévalo

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens9020120


CITA ESTA PUBLICACIÓN:

Triguero-Ocana R., Martinez-Lopez B., Vicente J., Barasona JA., Martinez-Guijosa J. y Acevedo P. Dynamic Network of Interactions in the Wildlife-Livestock Interface in Mediterranean Spain: An Epidemiological Point of View. Pathogens. 9:120(1-16). 2020. (A). ISSN: 2076-0817. DOI: 10.3390/pathogens9020120


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