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Permeability of artificial barriers (fences) for wild boar Sus scrofa in Mediterranean mixed landscapes

Artículo de investigación publicado en Pest management science

1 de junio de 2022

Background: Fences are one of the most widespread manmade features in nature, constituting an artificial limitation to the movement of wildlife. To date, their effects on wildlife behaviour have been understudied but this knowledge is required to design effective management procedures. Using 21 GPS-monitored wild boar, we evaluated the permeability of different types of fences and described temporal patterns and spatial hotspots for crossing events. A fence`s permeability was inferred by the crossing success, i.e., the number of times that animals crossed a barrier vs the number of times they did not cross. The vulnerability of fences at watercourses was explored by assessing whether the frequency of crossings was higher around watercourse intersections than expected by chance.
Results: Well-maintained big game proof fences were the most effective in reducing successful wild boar crossings; they were, on average, 30% more efficient than livestock type fences. Crossing success was higher for males than females and during the food shortage period than in the food abundance period. The frequency of crossings around watercourses was higher than expected by chance, especially in moderately and well-maintained big game proof type fences.
Conclusion: While no fence type was 100% wild boar proof, well-maintained big game proof fences substantially constrained the movement of boar. However, they are vulnerable around watercourses. Managing the conflicts in which this species is involved, such as shared infections and agricultural damage, would require fences that are even more effective than the ones analysed here, ideally in conjunction with other preventive actions. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved




Laguna E., Barasona JA., Carpio AJ., Vicente J. y Acevedo P.




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Permeability of artificial barriers (fences) for wild boar Sus scrofa in Mediterranean mixed landscapes

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Permeability of artificial barriers (fences) for wild boar Sus scrofa in Mediterranean mixed landscapes



Participantes:

Gobierno de Castilla-La ManchaSanidad y Biotecnología (SaBio). Instituto de Investigación en Recursos Cinegéticos (IREC). Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC). Universidad de Castilla La Mancha (UCLM). Gobierno de Castilla-La Mancha (JCCM).

Universidad ComplutenseCentro de Vigilancia Sanitaria Veterinaria (VISAVET). Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Universidad de CórdobaDepartamento de Zoología. Facultad de Veterinaria. Universidad de Córdoba (UCO).







Pest management science
FACTOR YEAR Q
4.462 2021

NLMID: 100898744

PMID: 35229454

ISSN: 1526-498X



TÍTULO: Permeability of artificial barriers (fences) for wild boar Sus scrofa in Mediterranean mixed landscapes


REVISTA: Pest Manag Sci


NUMERACIÓN: 78(6):2277-2286


AÑO: 2022


EDITORIAL: Wiley


AUTORES: Laguna E., Barasona JA., Carpio AJ., Vicente J. and Acevedo P.


PARTICIPANTES VISAVET


José Ángel Barasona García-Arévalo

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/ps.6853


CITA ESTA PUBLICACIÓN:

Laguna E., Barasona JA., Carpio AJ., Vicente J. y Acevedo P. Permeability of artificial barriers (fences) for wild boar Sus scrofa in Mediterranean mixed landscapes. Pest management science. 78(6):2277-2286. 2022. (A). ISSN: 1526-498X . DOI: 10.1002/ps.6853