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The spatial ecology of red deer under different land use and management scenarios: Protected areas, mixed farms and fenced hunting estates

Artículo de investigación publicado en Science of the total environment

10 de septiembre de 2021

The knowledge regarding the spatial ecology of red deer (Cervus elaphus) in different environments is crucial if effective management actions are to be designed. However, this knowledge continues to be scarce in the complex contexts of mixed land use and management circumstances. This study describes the spatial ecology of red deer monitored using GPS collars in Mediterranean ecosystems of South-Central Spain, considering the effect of individual and seasonal (food shortage period, rut, hunting season and food abundance period) factors on different land use and management scenarios, namely protected areas, mixed farms and fenced hunting estates. Our results showed less activity (ACT), a shorter daily range (DR) and a smaller home range (HR) during the food shortage period: ACT: 0.38 ± (SD) 0.12; DR: 3010.9 ± 727.3 m; and weekly HR: 122.2 ± 59.6 ha. With regard to land use, individuals were less ACT and had a smaller DR on fenced hunting estates (ACT: 0.24 ± 0.12; DR: 1946.3 ± 706.7 m) than in protected areas (ACT: 0.59 ± 0.12; DR: 4071.4 ± 1068.2 m) or on mixed farms (ACT: 0.57 ± 0.29; DR: 5431.1 ± 1939.5 m) in all the periods studied. Red deer selected land cover with forage and shelter when foraging and resting, respectively. When drive hunt events occurred (mixed farms and fenced hunting estates), the deer were more prone to select safer habitats (scrublands) and avoid open areas (crops or grasslands) than were their counterparts in protected areas. The patterns observed can be explained by sexual and seasonal differences as regards requirements, the response to disturbances and, interestingly, population management. Our results provide useful information with which to design scientifically-based species adaptive management in response to relevant and timely situations in Europe, such as the potential transmission of shared infections, vehicle collisions, and damage to crops and ecosystems




Laguna E., Carpio AJ., Vicente J., Barasona JA., Triguero R., Jiménez-Ruiz S., Gomez-Manzaneque A. y Acevedo P.




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The spatial ecology of red deer under different land use and management scenarios: Protected areas, mixed farms and fenced hunting estates

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The spatial ecology of red deer under different land use and management scenarios: Protected areas, mixed farms and fenced hunting estates


Participantes:

Gobierno de Castilla-La ManchaSanidad y Biotecnología (SaBio). Instituto de Investigación en Recursos Cinegéticos (IREC). Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC). Universidad de Castilla La Mancha (UCLM). Gobierno de Castilla-La Mancha (JCCM).

Universidad de CórdobaDepartamento de Zoología. Facultad de Veterinaria. Universidad de Córdoba (UCO).

Universidad ComplutenseDepartamento de Sanidad Animal. Facultad de Veterinaria. Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Universidad de CórdobaDepartamento de Sanidad Animal. Facultad de Veterinaria. Universidad de Córdoba (UCO).

Parque Nacional de Cabañeros. Pueblonuevo del Bullaque.

Universidad ComplutenseCentro de Vigilancia Sanitaria Veterinaria (VISAVET). Universidad Complutense (UCM).







FACTOR YEAR Q
7.963 2020

PMID: 33965822

ISSN: 0048-9697



TÍTULO: The spatial ecology of red deer under different land use and management scenarios: Protected areas, mixed farms and fenced hunting estates


REVISTA: Sci. Total Environ


NUMERACIÓN: 786:147124


AÑO: 2021


EDITORIAL: Elsevier


AUTORES: Laguna E., Carpio AJ., Vicente J., Barasona JA., Triguero R., Jiménez-Ruiz S., Gomez-Manzaneque A. and Acevedo P.


PARTICIPANTES VISAVET


4th
José Ángel Barasona García-Arévalo
5th
Roxana Triguero Ocaña

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.147124


CITA ESTA PUBLICACIÓN:

Laguna E., Carpio AJ., Vicente J., Barasona JA., Triguero R., Jiménez-Ruiz S., Gomez-Manzaneque A. y Acevedo P. The spatial ecology of red deer under different land use and management scenarios: Protected areas, mixed farms and fenced hunting estates. Science of the total environment. 786:147124. 2021. (A). ISSN: 0048-9697. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.147124