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Active animal health surveillance in European Union Member States: gaps and opportunities

Investigation article published in Epidemiology and Infection

March 1st, 2017

Animal health surveillance enables the detection and control of animal diseases including zoonoses. Under the EU-FP7 project RISKSUR, a survey was conducted in 11 EU Member States and Switzerland to describe active surveillance components in 2011 managed by the public or private sector and identify gaps and opportunities. Information was collected about hazard, target population, geographical focus, legal obligation, management, surveillance design, risk-based sampling, and multi-hazard surveillance. Two countries were excluded due to incompleteness of data. Most of the 664 components targeted cattle (26·7%), pigs (17·5%) or poultry (16·0%). The most common surveillance objectives were demonstrating freedom from disease (43·8%) and case detection (26·8%). Over half of components applied risk-based sampling (57·1%), but mainly focused on a single population stratum (targeted risk-based) rather than differentiating between risk levels of different strata (stratified risk-based). About a third of components were multi-hazard (37·3%). Both risk-based sampling and multi-hazard surveillance were used more frequently in privately funded components. The study identified several gaps (e.g. lack of systematic documentation, inconsistent application of terminology) and opportunities (e.g. stratified risk-based sampling). The greater flexibility provided by the new EU Animal Health Law means that systematic evaluation of surveillance alternatives will be required to optimize cost-effectiveness




Bisdorff B., Schauer B., Rodriguez-Prieto V., Comin A., Brouwer A., Dorea F., Drewe J., Hoinville L., Lindberg A., Martinez-Aviles M., Martinez-Lopez B., Peyre M., Pinto-Ferreira J., Rushton J., Van Schaik G., Stark KD., Staubach C., Vicente-Rubiano M., Witteveen G., Pfeiffer D. and Hasler B.




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Active animal health surveillance in European Union Member States: gaps and opportunities

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Active animal health surveillance in European Union Member States: gaps and opportunities



Participants:

Royal Veterinary CollegeVeterinary Epidemiology and Public Health. Royal Veterinary College (RVC).

Friedrich Loeffler Institut-Bundesforschungsinstitut fuer TiergesundheitInstitute of Epidemiology. Friedrich Loeffler Institut-Bundesforschungsinstitut fuer Tiergesundheit (FLI).

Universidad ComplutenseFacultad de Veterinaria. Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Universidad ComplutenseServicio de Inmunología Viral y Medicina Preventiva (SUAT). Centro de Vigilancia Sanitaria Veterinaria (VISAVET). Universidad Complutense (UCM).

National Veterinary InstituteOIE Collaborating Centre Skriv ut - for Biotechnology-based Diagnosis of Infectious Diseases in Veterinary Medicine. National Veterinary Institute (SVA).

Animal and Plant Health AgencyAnimal and Plant Health Agency (APHA).

SAFOSO AGSAFOSO AG.

GD Animal HealthDepartment of Research and Development. GD Animal Health.

Centre de Cooperation International en Recherche Agronomique pour le DeveloppementAnimal et Gestion intégrée des risques. Centre de Cooperation International en Recherche Agronomique pour le Developpement (CIRAD).







Epidemiology and Infection
FACTOR YEAR Q
2.044 2017

NLMID: 8703737

PMID: 27938416

ISSN: 0950-2688



TITLE: Active animal health surveillance in European Union Member States: gaps and opportunities


JOURNAL: Epidemiol. Infect.


NUMERACIÓN: 145(4):802-817


AÑO: 2017


PUBLISHER: Cambridge University Press


AUTHORS: Bisdorff B., Schauer B., Rodriguez-Prieto V., Comin A., Brouwer A., Dorea F., Drewe J., Hoinville L., Lindberg A., Martinez-Aviles M., Martinez-Lopez B., Peyre M., Pinto-Ferreira J., Rushton J., Van Schaik G., Stark KD., Staubach C., Vicente-Rubiano M., Witteveen G., Pfeiffer D. and Hasler B.


DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0950268816002697


CITE THIS PUBLICATION:

Bisdorff B., Schauer B., Rodriguez-Prieto V., Comin A., Brouwer A., Dorea F., Drewe J., Hoinville L., Lindberg A., Martinez-Aviles M., Martinez-Lopez B., Peyre M., Pinto-Ferreira J., Rushton J., Van Schaik G., Stark KD., Staubach C., Vicente-Rubiano M., Witteveen G., Pfeiffer D. and Hasler B. Active animal health surveillance in European Union Member States: gaps and opportunities. Epidemiology and Infection. 145(4):802-817. 2017. (A). ISSN: 0950-2688. DOI: 10.1017/S0950268816002697


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