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Animal tuberculosis due to Mycobacterium bovis in Eurasian wild boar from Morocco

Investigation published in European Journal of Wildlife Research

June 6th, 2016

Eurasian wild boar (Sus scrofa) is widespread in the northern third of Morocco, Northern Africa. We aimed to investigate the presence of Mycobacterium bovis infection in wild boar and to generate information on the possible host status in this region. M. bovis was isolated in six of 43 wild boars. Culture-positive samples yielded spoligotype number SB1627. Sixty percent of lung tissue specimens or tracheobronchial lymph node samples yielded positive culture. Two thirds (64 %) of the wild boar submitted for histopathology revealed tuberculosis-compatible lesions. These lesions were particularly frequent in lymph nodes (63 %) and in lung tissue samples (43 %). Ziehl-Neelsen staining did not identify acid-fast bacilli, indicating paucibacillary infections. Our results confirm the presence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTC) infection in Moroccan wild boar. Regarding the host status of wild boar in this region, the often generalized lesion pattern suggests a possible role of wild boar as a component of the MTC maintenance host community. However, our information was limited to 43 wild boars from one specific region. Thus, further research is needed to assess the host status of wild boar in Morocco




El Mrini M., Kichou F., Kadiri A., Berrada J., Bouslikhane M., Cordonier N., Romero B. and Gortazar C.




See this article
Animal tuberculosis due to Mycobacterium bovis in Eurasian wild boar from Morocco





Participants:

Hassan II Institute of Agronomy & Veterinary MedicineDepartment of Veterinary Pathology and Public Health (DVPPH). Unit of Microbiology, Immunology and Contagious Diseases. Hassan II Institute of Agronomy & Veterinary Medicine (IAV Hassan II).

L´Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire d´AlfortL´Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire d´Alfort (ENVA).

Universidad ComplutenseServicio de Micobacterias (MYC). Centro de Vigilancia Sanitaria Veterinaria (VISAVET). Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Gobierno de Castilla-La ManchaSanidad y Biotecnología (SaBio). Instituto de Investigación en Recursos Cinegéticos (IREC). Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC). Universidad de Castilla La Mancha (UCLM). Gobierno de Castilla-La Mancha (JCCM).







European Journal of Wildlife Research
FACTOR YEAR Q
1.264 2016

NLMID: 101242668

ISSN: 1612-4642



TITLE: Animal tuberculosis due to Mycobacterium bovis in Eurasian wild boar from Morocco


JOURNAL: Eur. J. Wildl. Res.


NUMERACIÓN: (2016) 62:479–482


AÑO: 2016


PUBLISHER: Springer


AUTHORS: El Mrini M., Kichou F., Kadiri A., Berrada J., Bouslikhane M., Cordonier N., Romero B. and Gortazar C.


VISAVET PARTICIPANTS


Beatriz Romero Martínez

DOI: https://doi.org/ 10.1007/s10344-016-1022-0


CITE THIS PUBLICATION:

El Mrini M., Kichou F., Kadiri A., Berrada J., Bouslikhane M., Cordonier N., Romero B. and Gortazar C. Animal tuberculosis due to Mycobacterium bovis in Eurasian wild boar from Morocco. European Journal of Wildlife Research. (2016) 62:479–482. 2016. (A). ISSN: 1612-4642. DOI: 10.1007/s10344-016-1022-0


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