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Antibiotic resistance patterns in human, animal, food and environmental isolates in Ghana: a review

The Pan African medical journal publish this investigation article

February 12nd, 2020

Many articles have been published on resistant microorganisms isolated from humans, animals, foods and the environment in Ghana. However, there are no reviews that summarize the information on the isolates and antibiotics tested so far in the country. This literature review was completed through "PubMed" and "Google Scholar" searches. We included publications from the period 1975-2015 with a laboratory-based methodology to determine antibiotic resistance of strains isolated in Ghana. In total, 60 articles were included in the analysis with 10% of the articles carrying out nationwide research on antibiotic resistance. The regions of Ghana with the highest published articles were Greater Accra (40%), Ashanti (21.7%) and Northern Region (10%). Most of the studies (86.7%) were related to isolates collected from human samples followed by environmental (5%), animal (3%) and food samples (2%). Ten different bacteria genera were observed in the studies. The most common was Escherichia coli, followed by Staphylococcus spp., Mycobacterium spp. and Streptococcus spp. The highest mean resistance rate was encountered in Escherichia coli (62.2%) followed by Klebsiella spp. (60.4%) and Pseudomonas spp. (52.1%). High resistance rates have been found in Ghana, however, the data are skewed and some regions of the country have been neglected. There is a need for higher quality research to establish and monitor resistance patterns in Upper West, Brong-Ahafo, Volta and Eastern Regions of Ghana




Garcia-Vello P., Gonzalez-Zorn B. and Setsoafia-Saba CK.




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Antibiotic resistance patterns in human, animal, food and environmental isolates in Ghana: a review

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Antibiotic resistance patterns in human, animal, food and environmental isolates in Ghana: a review


Participants:

Universidad ComplutenseProjects of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology. Facultad de Farmacia. Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Universidad ComplutenseDepartamento de Sanidad Animal. Facultad de Veterinaria. Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Universidad ComplutenseServicio de Zoonosis de Transmisión Alimentaria y Resistencia a Antimicrobianos (ZTA). Centro de Vigilancia Sanitaria Veterinaria (VISAVET). Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Biotechnology Department. Faculty of Agriculture. University for Development Studies.







FACTOR YEAR Q
N/A

NLMID: 101517926

PMID: 32499853

ISSN: 1937-8688



TITLE: Antibiotic resistance patterns in human, animal, food and environmental isolates in Ghana: a review


JOURNAL: Pan Afr Med J


NUMERACIÓN: 12;35:37


AÑO: 2020


PUBLISHER: Kampala, Uganda : African Field Epidemiology Network


AUTHORS: Garcia-Vello P., Gonzalez-Zorn B. and Setsoafia-Saba CK.


VISAVET PARTICIPANTS


Bruno González Zorn

DOI: https://doi.org/ :10.11604/pamj.2020.35.37.18323


CITE THIS PUBLICATION:

Garcia-Vello P., Gonzalez-Zorn B. and Setsoafia-Saba CK. Antibiotic resistance patterns in human, animal, food and environmental isolates in Ghana: a review. The Pan African medical journal. 12;35:37. 2020. (A). ISSN: 1937-8688. DOI: :10.11604/pamj.2020.35.37.18323


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