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Cellular distribution of bovine leukemia virus proteins gp51SU, Pr72(env), and Pr66(gag-pro) in persistently infected cells

Investigation published in Virus Research

November 5th, 2001

Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against bovine leukemia virus (BLV) mature proteins and precursors were used to map the localization of these proteins in persistently infected non-lymphocytic cell lines using immunofluorescence assay (IFA) and immuno-electron microscopy. IFA staining was observed in the basolateral surface of live FLK-BLV cells. When using a mAb against Pr66(gag-pro), mottled pinpoint fluorescence was seen in the cell surface of polarized cells, but no reaction was observed in cells undergoing mitosis. However, a mAb against Pr72(env) stained only mitotic cells and cellular fragments. Additionally, in these dividing cells, this envelope (Env) precursor polyprotein was not evenly distributed but concentrated predominantly in only one daughter cell. To the best of our knowledge, this observation has not been reported previously, either for BLV or for other retroviruses. The results of immunogold electron microscopy confirmed the specificity of the mAbs in the intracellular level. In infected cells, Pr72(env) and gp51SU were seen in proximity at the plasma membrane in incipient budding sites. Additionally, the mAb against Pr72(env) also reacted with Env precursor polyproteins in the mitochondria of BLV-bat(2) ultrathin sections. These mAbs may be used as a tool for mapping virus excretion sites in the cell surface of naturally or in vitro infected cells in the different stages of the cell cycle




Llames L., Goyache J., Domenech A., Montana AV., Suarez G. and Gomez-Lucia E.




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Cellular distribution of bovine leukemia virus proteins gp51SU, Pr72(env), and Pr66(gag-pro) in persistently infected cells

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Cellular distribution of bovine leukemia virus proteins gp51SU, Pr72(env), and Pr66(gag-pro) in persistently infected cells



Participants:

Universidad ComplutenseDepartamento de Sanidad Animal. Facultad de Veterinaria. Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Universidad ComplutenseServicio de Zoonosis Emergentes, de Baja Prevalencia y Agresivos Biológicos (NED). Centro de Vigilancia Sanitaria Veterinaria (VISAVET). Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Universidad ComplutenseServicio Microscopia Electrónica. Facultad de Veterinaria. Universidad Complutense (UCM).







FACTOR YEAR Q
1.806 2001

NLMID: 8410979

PMID: 11551645

ISSN: 0168-1702



TITLE: Cellular distribution of bovine leukemia virus proteins gp51SU, Pr72(env), and Pr66(gag-pro) in persistently infected cells


JOURNAL: Virus Res


NUMERACIÓN: 79(1-2):47-57


AÑO: 2001


PUBLISHER: Elsevier Science


AUTHORS: Llames L., Goyache J., Domenech A., Montana AV., Suarez G. and Gomez-Lucia E.


Joaquín Goyache Goñi

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0168-1702(01)00291-X


CITE THIS PUBLICATION:

Llames L., Goyache J., Domenech A., Montana AV., Suarez G. and Gomez-Lucia E. Cellular distribution of bovine leukemia virus proteins gp51SU, Pr72(env), and Pr66(gag-pro) in persistently infected cells. Virus Research. 79(1-2):47-57. 2001. (A). ISSN: 0168-1702. DOI: 10.1016/S0168-1702(01)00291-X


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