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Control of bluetongue in Europe

Veterinary Microbiology publish this investigation article

July 26th, 2013

Since 1998, bluetongue virus (BTV) serotypes 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 9, 11 and 16 have spread throughout Europe. In 2006, BTV serotype 8 (BTV-8) emerged unexpectedly in northern Europe throughout a region including Belgium, France, Germany, Luxembourg and the Netherlands. In the following year, it spread rapidly throughout the rest of Europe. In 2008, two more BTV serotypes were detected in northern Europe: BTV-6 in the Netherlands and Germany and BTV-11 in Belgium. The European incursion of BTV has caused considerable economic losses, comprising not only direct losses from mortality and reduced production but also indirect losses because of ensuing bans on trade of ruminants between BTV-infected and non-infected areas. Given the significance of the disease, all affected countries have established control and eradication measures, which have evolved with the availability of detection and prevention tools such as vaccines. Before 2005, BTV vaccination campaigns in affected countries used only modified live virus vaccines and only sheep were vaccinated, except in Italy, where all susceptible domestic ruminant species were included. After 2005, inactivated vaccines became available and cattle and goats were included in the vaccination campaigns. This review looks at how bluetongue disease has evolved in Europe and how effective vaccination strategies have been

Zientara S. and Sanchez-Vizcaino JM..

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Control of bluetongue in Europe

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Control of bluetongue in Europe


Agence Nationale de Sécurité Sanitaire de l´alimentation, de l´environnement et du travailAgence Nationale de Sécurité Sanitaire de l´alimentation, de l´environnement et du travail (ANSES).

Universidad ComplutenseServicio de Inmunología Viral y Medicina Preventiva (SUAT). Centro de Vigilancia Sanitaria Veterinaria (VISAVET). Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Universidad ComplutenseDepartamento de Sanidad Animal. Facultad de Veterinaria. Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Veterinary Microbiology
2.726 2013

NLMID: 7705469

PMID: 23462519

ISSN: 0378-1135

TITLE: Control of bluetongue in Europe

JOURNAL: Vet Microbiol

NUMERACIÓN: 165(1-2):33-7

AÑO: 2013


AUTHORS: Zientara S. and Sanchez-Vizcaino JM..

José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno Rodríguez

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vetmic.2013.01.010


Zientara S. and Sanchez-Vizcaino JM. Control of bluetongue in Europe. Veterinary Microbiology. 165(1-2):33-7. 2013. (P). ISSN: 0378-1135. DOI: 10.1016/j.vetmic.2013.01.010