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Detection of Toxoplasma gondii in three common bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus); A first description from the Eastern Mediterranean Sea

Investigation article published in Veterinary Parasitology

July 15th, 2018

Toxoplasma gondii has been described in several marine mammals around the world including numerous species of cetaceans, yet infection and transmission mechanisms in the marine environment are not clearly defined. The Israel Marine Mammal Research and Assistance Center has been collating a database of all marine mammal stranding events along the country’s national coastlines since 1993. In this study, we describe the molecular detection and characterisation of T. gondii in three common bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) including one case of coinfection with herpesvirus. The animals were found stranded on the Mediterranean coast of Israel in May and November 2013. In one of the three cases, the dolphin was found alive and admitted to intensive care. To our knowledge, this is the first report of T. gondii infection of marine mammals in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea. As this parasite acts as an indicator for marine pollution and marine mammal health, we believe these findings add important information regarding the state of the environment in this region




Bigal E., Morick D., Scheinin AP., Salant H., Berkowitz A., King R., Levy Y., Melero M., Sanchez-Vizcaino JM., Goffman O., Hadar N., Roditi-Elasar M. and Tchernov D.




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Detection of Toxoplasma gondii in three common bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus); A first description from the Eastern Mediterranean Sea

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Detection of Toxoplasma gondii in three common bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus); A first description from the Eastern Mediterranean Sea



Participants:

University of HaifaDepartment of Marine Biology. Leon H. Charney School of Marine Sciences. University of Haifa.

University of HaifaMorris Kahn Marine Research Station. University of Haifa.

University of HaifaDepartment of Maritime Civilizations. Leon H. Charney School of Marine Sciences. University of Haifa.

Hebrew University of JerusalemDepartment of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics. Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

Department of Pathology. Kimron Veterinary Institute (KVI).

Israel Nature and Parks Authority.

Universidad ComplutenseServicio de Inmunología Viral y Medicina Preventiva (SUAT). Centro de Vigilancia Sanitaria Veterinaria (VISAVET). Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Universidad ComplutenseDepartamento de Sanidad Animal. Facultad de Veterinaria. Universidad Complutense (UCM).







FACTOR YEAR Q
2.009 2018

NLMID: 7602745

PMID: 30105982

ISSN: 0304-4017



TITLE: Detection of Toxoplasma gondii in three common bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus); A first description from the Eastern Mediterranean Sea


JOURNAL: Vet Parasitol


NUMERACIÓN: 258:74-78


AÑO: 2018


PUBLISHER: Elsevier


AUTHORS: Bigal E., Morick D., Scheinin AP., Salant H., Berkowitz A., King R., Levy Y., Melero M., Sanchez-Vizcaino JM., Goffman O., Hadar N., Roditi-Elasar M. and Tchernov D.


VISAVET PARTICIPANTS


José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno Rodríguez

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vetpar.2018.06.009


CITE THIS PUBLICATION:

Bigal E., Morick D., Scheinin AP., Salant H., Berkowitz A., King R., Levy Y., Melero M., Sanchez-Vizcaino JM., Goffman O., Hadar N., Roditi-Elasar M. and Tchernov D. Detection of Toxoplasma gondii in three common bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus); A first description from the Eastern Mediterranean Sea. Veterinary Parasitology. 258:74-78. 2018. (A). ISSN: 0304-4017. DOI: 10.1016/j.vetpar.2018.06.009


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