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Distribution of Pestivirus exposure in wild ruminants in Spain

Investigation article published in Transboundary and Emerging Diseases

September 13rd, 2020

A large‐scale study was carried out to determine the prevalence of antibodies against Pestivirus species in wild ruminants and describe their spatial variation in mainland Spain. Serum samples of 1,874 wild ruminants from different regions of this country were collected between the years 2000 and 2017. A total of 6.6% (123/1,874) animals showed antibodies against Pestivirus by both blocking ELISA (bELISA) and virus neutralization tests (VNT). The prevalence of antibodies against pestiviruses was different both among species and regions. Seroprevalence by species was 30.0% (75/250) in Southern chamois (Rupicapra pyrenaica), 7.0% (25/357) in fallow deer (Dama dama), 2.5% (10/401) in red deer (Cervus elaphus), 2.4% (8/330) in Iberian wild goat (Capra pyrenaica), 1.1% (4/369) in roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) and 0.8% (1/130) in mouflon (Ovis aries musimon), not detecting seropositivity (0/37) in Barbary sheep (Ammotragus lervia). The results confirm that exposure to pestiviruses was detected throughout mainland Spain, with significantly higher seroprevalence in Northern regions associated with presence of Southern chamois. This indicates an endemic circulation of pestiviruses in Southern chamois and a limited circulation of these viruses in the remaining wild ruminant species during the last two decades, thus suggesting that non‐chamois species are not true Pestivirus reservoirs in Spain. Nonetheless, the high spatial spread of these viruses points out that new epidemic outbreaks in naïve wild ruminant populations or transmission to livestock may occur, evidencing the usefulness of monitoring pestiviruses in wild ruminants, especially at the wildlife‐livestock interface




Jiménez-Ruiz S., Vicente J., Garcia-Bocanegra I., Cabezon O., Arnal MC., Balseiro A., Ruiz-Fons F., Gomez-Guillamon F., Lazaro S., Escribano F., Acevedo P., Dominguez L., Gortazar C., Fernandez de Luco D. and Risalde MA.




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Distribution of Pestivirus exposure in wild ruminants in Spain

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Distribution of Pestivirus exposure in wild ruminants in Spain


Participants:

Gobierno de Castilla-La ManchaSanidad y Biotecnología (SaBio). Instituto de Investigación en Recursos Cinegéticos (IREC). Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC). Universidad de Castilla La Mancha (UCLM). Gobierno de Castilla-La Mancha (JCCM).

Universidad de CórdobaDepartamento de Sanidad Animal. Facultad de Veterinaria. Universidad de Córdoba (UCO).

Generalitat de CatalunyaInstituto de Investigación y Tecnología Agroalimentarias (IRTA). Generalitat de Catalunya.

Universitat Autònoma de BarcelonaCentre de Recerca en Sanitat Animal (CReSA). Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB).

Universitat Autònoma de BarcelonaWildlife Ecology & Health group (WE&H). Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB).

Universidad de ZaragozaDepartamento de Patología Animal. Facultad de Veterinaria. Universidad de Zaragoza (UNIZAR).

Universidad de LeónDepartamento de Sanidad Animal. Facultad de Veterinaria. Universidad de León.

Junta de AndalucíaPrograma de Vigilancia Epidemiológica. Consejería de Agricultura, Ganadería, Pesca y Desarrollo Sostenible (CAGPDS). Junta de Andalucía.

Gobierno de Castilla-La ManchaUnidad Analítica Regional de Sanidad Animal (UARSA-LARAGA). Consejería de Agricultura y Ganadería. Gobierno de Castilla-La Mancha (JCCM).

Comunidad Autónoma de la Región de MurciaPrograma de Conservación y Recuperación de Fauna Silvestre. Dirección General del Medio Natural de la Región de Murcia. Comunidad Autónoma de la Región de Murcia (CARM).

Universidad ComplutenseCentro de Vigilancia Sanitaria Veterinaria (VISAVET). Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Universidad de CórdobaDepartamento de Anatomía y Anatomía Patológica Comparadas. Facultad de Veterinaria. Universidad de Córdoba (UCO).







Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
FACTOR YEAR Q
4.188 2019

NLMID: 101319538

PMID: 32920992

ISSN: 1865-1674



TITLE: Distribution of Pestivirus exposure in wild ruminants in Spain


JOURNAL: Transbound. Emerg. Dis.


NUMERACIÓN: 1-9


AÑO: 2020


PUBLISHER: Blackwell Verlag


AUTHORS: Jiménez-Ruiz S., Vicente J., Garcia-Bocanegra I., Cabezon O., Arnal MC., Balseiro A., Ruiz-Fons F., Gomez-Guillamon F., Lazaro S., Escribano F., Acevedo P., Dominguez L., Gortazar C., Fernandez de Luco D. and Risalde MA.


VISAVET PARTICIPANTS


Lucas Domínguez Rodríguez

DOI: https://doi.org/ 10.1111/tbed.13827


CITE THIS PUBLICATION:

Jiménez-Ruiz S., Vicente J., Garcia-Bocanegra I., Cabezon O., Arnal MC., Balseiro A., Ruiz-Fons F., Gomez-Guillamon F., Lazaro S., Escribano F., Acevedo P., Dominguez L., Gortazar C., Fernandez de Luco D. and Risalde MA. Distribution of Pestivirus exposure in wild ruminants in Spain. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases. 1-9. 2020. (A). ISSN: 1865-1674. DOI: 10.1111/tbed.13827