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Evaluation of the risk of introduction of Rift Valley fever into Spain

Poster communication in 8th EPIZONE Annual Meeting "Primed for tomorrow"

September 23rd, 2014

Martinez-Aviles M., Fernandez-Carrion E., Sanchez-Gomez A., Amela C., Luciente J. and Sanchez-Vizcaino JM.

In this work we present an assessment of the introduction of Rift Valley Fever (RVF) in Spain applied to surveillance in the human and veterinary fields. The risk of introduction of RVF in the countries of the Mediterranean neighbouring the European Union was
assessed by the EFSA (2013) to be non-negligible via the unofficial introduction of infected animals in outbreak years. Spain has two autonomous cities located in North Africa where
there is a large muslim community. During the Eid-al-Adha festival the demand of live animals is very high and it is possible that animals are introduced from neighbouring
countries for immediate slaughter. While the Spanish Authorities have put measures in place to minimise the risk of transmission of RVF from a potentially infected animal to
humans, there is a need to identify the locations and times at higher potential risk of transmission and spread of RVF from North Africa to Spain particularly via mosquitoes.
Potential competent vector mosquitoes can be transported by the wind to the nearest cities of Ceuta and Melilla and to the Spanish mainland, separated only by the 14 km wide
Gibraltar Strait. The conditions for the establishment in Spain have been evaluated by analysing the national database of vector surveillance since 2005 along with
environmental and climatic variables as well as animal and human hosts. Joining both the evaluation of the introduction as well as the conditions for the establishment we aim to
offer a support for the early detection of a zoonotic emerging disease like RVF




Participants:

Universidad ComplutenseServicio de Inmunología Viral y Medicina Preventiva (SUAT). Centro de Vigilancia Sanitaria Veterinaria (VISAVET). Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Ministerio de Sanidad, Servicios Sociales e IgualdadCentro de Coordinación de Alertas y Emergencias Sanitarias (CCAES). Ministerio de Sanidad, Servicios Sociales e Igualdad.

Universidad de ZaragozaUniversidad de Zaragoza (UNIZAR).

Universidad ComplutenseDepartamento de Sanidad Animal. Facultad de Veterinaria. Universidad Complutense (UCM).


Link to 8th EPIZONE Annual Meeting "Primed for tomorrow"





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8th EPIZONE Annual Meeting "Primed for tomorrow"


8th EPIZONE Annual Meeting
September 23rd-25th, 2014
Copenhagen
Denmark

TITLE: Evaluation of the risk of introduction of Rift Valley fever into Spain


TYPE: Poster communication


AUTHORS: Martinez-Aviles M., Fernandez-Carrion E., Sanchez-Gomez A., Amela C., Luciente J. and Sanchez-Vizcaino JM.


VISAVET PARTICIPANTS


First
Marta Martínez Avilés
Last
José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno Rodríguez

DATE: September 23rd, 2014


CITE THIS COMMUNICATION:

Martinez-Aviles M., Fernandez-Carrion E., Sanchez-Gomez A., Amela C., Luciente J. and Sanchez-Vizcaino JM. Evaluation of the risk of introduction of Rift Valley fever into Spain. 8th EPIZONE Annual Meeting "Primed for tomorrow", National Veterinary Institute. Technical University of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark, September 23rd, 2014. (Poster communication)


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