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Global gene expression analysis in skin biopsies of European red deer experimentally infected with bluetongue virus serotypes 1 and 8

Veterinary Microbiology publish this investigation article

December 28th, 2012

Bluetongue virus (BTV) is a double-stranded RNA virus transmitted by blood-feeding biting midges of the genus Culicoides to wild and domestic ruminants, causing high morbidity and variable mortality. The aim of this study was to characterize differential gene expression in skin biopsies of red deer (Cervus elaphus) hinds experimentally infected with BTV serotypes 1 and 8. Skin biopsies were collected from BTV-1 and BTV-8 experimentally infected and control hinds at 14 and 98 days post-infection (dpi). Global gene expression profile in response to BTV infection was characterized at 14dpi using a bovine microarray together with real-time RT-PCR analysis of differentially expressed genes at 14 and 98dpi. Eighteen genes were upregulated and three were downregulated in response to virus infection, with no significant differences between BTV-1 and BTV-8 infected hinds. Seven unique genes, six upregulated (ISG15, PSMB8, PSMB9, BOLA, C1qA, C4) and one downregulated (FOS) were over-represented after conditional test for biological process gene ontology, which affected five molecular pathways (RIG-1, proteasome, MHC-1, complement, TLR) implicated in host immune response. BTV infection had a minor and transient effect on gene expression in hinds, as shown by the very few genes that were differentially expressed in response to infection at 14dpi, most of which had similar expression levels between infected and uninfected animals at 98dpi. These results suggested that red deer could control BTV infection with little effect on host molecular pathways




Galindo RC., Falconi C., Lopez-Olvera JR., Jimenez-Clavero MA., Fernandez-Pacheco P., Fernandez-Pinero J., Sanchez-Vizcaino JM., Gortazar C. and de la Fuente J.




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Global gene expression analysis in skin biopsies of European red deer experimentally infected with bluetongue virus serotypes 1 and 8

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Global gene expression analysis in skin biopsies of European red deer experimentally infected with bluetongue virus serotypes 1 and 8


Participants:

Universidad ComplutenseServicio de Inmunología Viral y Medicina Preventiva (SUAT). Centro de Vigilancia Sanitaria Veterinaria (VISAVET). Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Universidad ComplutenseDepartamento de Sanidad Animal. Facultad de Veterinaria. Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Gobierno de Castilla-La ManchaSanidad y Biotecnología (SaBio). Instituto de Investigación en Recursos Cinegéticos (IREC). Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC). Universidad de Castilla La Mancha (UCLM). Gobierno de Castilla-La Mancha (JCCM).

Dipartimento di Prevenzione. Servizio Veterinario Sanità Animale (ASL).

Universitat Autònoma de BarcelonaServicio de Ecopatología de Fauna Salvaje (SEFaS). Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB).

Centro de Investigación en Sanidad Animal (CISA). Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria (INIA). Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación.







Veterinary Microbiology
FACTOR YEAR Q
3.127 2012

NLMID: 7705469

PMID: 22835526

ISSN: 0378-1135



TITLE: Global gene expression analysis in skin biopsies of European red deer experimentally infected with bluetongue virus serotypes 1 and 8


JOURNAL: Vet. Microbiol.


NUMERACIÓN: 161(1-2):26-35


AÑO: 2012


PUBLISHER: Elsevier Science Publishers


AUTHORS: Galindo RC., Falconi C., Lopez-Olvera JR., Jimenez-Clavero MA., Fernandez-Pacheco P., Fernandez-Pinero J., Sanchez-Vizcaino JM., Gortazar C. and de la Fuente J.


VISAVET PARTICIPANTS


José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno Rodríguez

DOI: https://doi.org/ 10.1016/j.vetmic.2012.07.003


CITE THIS PUBLICATION:

Galindo RC., Falconi C., Lopez-Olvera JR., Jimenez-Clavero MA., Fernandez-Pacheco P., Fernandez-Pinero J., Sanchez-Vizcaino JM., Gortazar C. and de la Fuente J. Global gene expression analysis in skin biopsies of European red deer experimentally infected with bluetongue virus serotypes 1 and 8. Veterinary Microbiology. 161(1-2):26-35. 2012. (A). ISSN: 0378-1135. DOI: 10.1016/j.vetmic.2012.07.003


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