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Immune related genes as markers for monitoring health status of honey bee colonies

Investigation published in BMC Veterinary Research

March 4th, 2019

Background
Honey bee population decline threatens the beekeeping sector, agriculture and global biodiversity. Early detection of colony mortality may facilitate rapid interventions to contain and prevent mortality spread. Among others, deformed wing virus (DWV) is capable of inducing colony losses, especially when combined with Varroa destructor mite. Since the bee immune system plays a crucial role in ensuring that bees are able to face these pathogens, we explored whether expression of immune genes could serve as biomarkers of colony health.
Results
Herein, we describe a preliminary immunological marker composed of two immune genes (relish and defensin), which provide insight on honey bee antiviral defense mechanism. Of the tested genes, relish expression correlated with the presence of DWV-Varroa complex, while decreased defensin expression correlated with poor resistance to this complex.
Conclusions
The monitoring of these genes may help us to better understand the complex physiology of honey bees’s immune system and to develop new approaches for managing the health impacts of DWV infection and varroa infestation in the field




Barroso-Arevalo S., Vicente-Rubiano M., Puerta F., Molero F. and Sanchez-Vizcaino JM..




See this article
Immune related genes as markers for monitoring health status of honey bee colonies



Participants:

Universidad ComplutenseServicio de Inmunología Viral y Medicina Preventiva (SUAT). Centro de Vigilancia Sanitaria Veterinaria (VISAVET). Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Universidad ComplutenseDepartamento de Sanidad Animal. Facultad de Veterinaria. Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Apicultural Reference Center in Andalusia (CERA).







BMC Veterinary Research
FACTOR YEAR Q
1.792 2018

NLMID: 101249759

ISSN: 1746-6148



TITLE: Immune related genes as markers for monitoring health status of honey bee colonies


JOURNAL: BMC Vet. Res


NUMERACIÓN: 15(1):72


AÑO: 2019


PUBLISHER: BioMed Central


AUTHORS: Barroso-Arevalo S., Vicente-Rubiano M., Puerta F., Molero F. and Sanchez-Vizcaino JM..


VISAVET PARTICIPANTS


First
Sandra Barroso Arévalo
Last
José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno Rodríguez

DOI: https://doi.org/ 10.1186/s12917-019-1823-y


CITE THIS PUBLICATION:

Barroso-Arevalo S., Vicente-Rubiano M., Puerta F., Molero F. and Sanchez-Vizcaino JM. Immune related genes as markers for monitoring health status of honey bee colonies. BMC Veterinary Research. 15(1):72. 2019. (A). ISSN: 1746-6148. DOI: 10.1186/s12917-019-1823-y


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