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Modular framework to assess the risk of African swine fever virus entry into the European Union

BMC Veterinary Research publish this investigation article

July 3rd, 2014

Background: The recent occurrence and spread of African swine fever (ASF) in Eastern Europe is perceived as a serious risk for the pig industry in the European Union (EU). In order to estimate the potential risk of ASF virus (ASFV) entering the EU, several pathways of introduction were previously assessed separately. The present work aimed to integrate five of these assessments (legal imports of pigs, legal imports of products, illegal imports of products, fomites associated with transport and wild boar movements) into a modular tool that facilitates the visualization and comprehension of the relative risk of ASFV introduction into the EU by each analyzed pathway.
Results: The framework`s results indicate that 48% of EU countries are at relatively high risk (risk score 4 or 5 out of 5) for ASFV entry or at least one analyzed pathway. Four of these countries obtained the maximum risk score for one pathway: Bulgaria for legally imported products during the high risk period (HRP); Finland for wild boar; Slovenia and Sweden for legally imported pigs during the HRP.
Distribution of risk considerably differed from one pathway to another; for some pathways, the risk was concentrated in a few
countries (e.g., transport fomites), whereas other pathways incurred a
high risk for 4 or 5 countries (legal pigs, illegal imports and wild
boar).Conclusions: The modular framework, developed to estimate the risk of ASFV entry into the EU, is available in a public domain, and is a transparent, easy-to-interpret tool that can be updated and adapted if required. The model`s results determine the EU countries at higher risk for each ASFV introduction route, and provide a useful basis to develop a global coordinated program to improve ASFV prevention in the EU




Mur L., Martinez-Lopez B., Costard S., de la Torre A., Jones BA., Martinez-Aviles M., Sanchez-Vizcaino F., Munoz MJ., Pfeiffer DU., Sanchez-Vizcaino JM. and Wieland B.




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Modular framework to assess the risk of African swine fever virus entry into the European Union

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Modular framework to assess the risk of African swine fever virus entry into the European Union


Participants:

Universidad ComplutenseServicio de Inmunología Viral y Medicina Preventiva (SUAT). Centro de Vigilancia Sanitaria Veterinaria (VISAVET). Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Universidad ComplutenseDepartamento de Sanidad Animal. Facultad de Veterinaria. Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Royal Veterinary CollegeVeterinary Epidemiology and Public Health. Royal Veterinary College (RVC).

Centro de Investigación en Sanidad Animal (CISA). Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria (INIA). Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación.

University of California-DavisUniversity of California-Davis (UCDAVIS).

Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC).

EpiX Analytics.







BMC Veterinary Research
FACTOR YEAR Q
1.777 2014

NLMID: 101249759

PMID: 24992824

ISSN: 1746-6148



TITLE: Modular framework to assess the risk of African swine fever virus entry into the European Union


JOURNAL: BMC Vet. Res


NUMERACIÓN: 10(1):145


AÑO: 2014


PUBLISHER: BioMed Central


AUTHORS: Mur L., Martinez-Lopez B., Costard S., de la Torre A., Jones BA., Martinez-Aviles M., Sanchez-Vizcaino F., Munoz MJ., Pfeiffer DU., Sanchez-Vizcaino JM. and Wieland B.


VISAVET PARTICIPANTS


6th
Marta Martínez Avilés
10
José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno Rodríguez

DOI: https://doi.org/ 10.1186/1746-6148-10-145


CITE THIS PUBLICATION:

Mur L., Martinez-Lopez B., Costard S., de la Torre A., Jones BA., Martinez-Aviles M., Sanchez-Vizcaino F., Munoz MJ., Pfeiffer DU., Sanchez-Vizcaino JM. and Wieland B. Modular framework to assess the risk of African swine fever virus entry into the European Union. BMC Veterinary Research. 10(1):145. 2014. (A). ISSN: 1746-6148. DOI: 10.1186/1746-6148-10-145


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