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Molecular evidence of Ehrlichia canis and Rickettsia massiliae in ixodid ticks of carnivores from South Hungary

Investigation article published in Acta veterinaria Hungarica

March 1st, 2013

To monitor the emergence of thermophilic, Mediterranean ixodid tick species and tick-borne pathogens in southern Hungary, 348 ticks were collected from shepherd dogs, red foxes and golden jackals during the summer of 2011. Golden jackals shared tick species with both the dog and the red fox in the region. Dermacentor nymphs were collected exclusively from dogs, and the sequence identification of these ticks indicated that dogs are preferred hosts of both D. reticulatus and D. marginatus nymphs, unlike previously reported. Subadults of three ixodid species were selected for reverse line blot hybridisation (RLB) analysis to screen their vector potential for 40 pathogens/groups. Results were negative for Anaplasma, Babesia and Theileria spp. Investigation of D. marginatus nymphs revealed the presence of Ehrlichia canis, Rickettsia massiliae and Borrelia afzelii for the first time in this tick species. These findings broaden the range of those tick-borne agents, which are typically transmitted by Rhipicephalus sanguineus, but may also have Dermacentor spp. as potential or alternative vectors. Ehrlichiacanis was also newly detected in Ixodes canisuga larvae from red foxes. In absence of transovarial transmission in ticks this implies that Eurasian red foxes may play a reservoir role in the epidemiology of canine ehrlichiosis.




Hornok S., Fuente J., Horvath G., Fernandez de Mera IG., Wijnveld M., Tanczos B., Farkas R. and Jongejan F.




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Molecular evidence of Ehrlichia canis and Rickettsia massiliae in ixodid ticks of carnivores from South Hungary

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Molecular evidence of Ehrlichia canis and Rickettsia massiliae in ixodid ticks of carnivores from South Hungary


Participants:

Universidad ComplutenseServicio de Micobacterias (MYC). Centro de Vigilancia Sanitaria Veterinaria (VISAVET). Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Universidad ComplutenseDepartamento de Sanidad Animal. Facultad de Veterinaria. Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Faculty of Veterinary Science. Szent István University (SZIU).

Gobierno de Castilla-La ManchaSanidad y Biotecnología (SaBio). Instituto de Investigación en Recursos Cinegéticos (IREC). Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC). Universidad de Castilla La Mancha (UCLM). Gobierno de Castilla-La Mancha (JCCM).

Oklahoma State UniversityDepartament of Veterinary Pathobiology. Center for Veterinary Health Sciences (CVHS). Oklahoma State University (OSU).

Small Animal Clinic Csurgó Hungary.

Utrecht UniversityThe Utrecht Centre for Tick-borne Diseases (UCTD). Faculty of Veterinary Medicine. Utrecht University (UU).







Acta veterinaria Hungarica
FACTOR YEAR Q
0.802 2013

NLMID: 8406376

PMID: 23439290

ISSN: 0236-6290



TITLE: Molecular evidence of Ehrlichia canis and Rickettsia massiliae in ixodid ticks of carnivores from South Hungary


JOURNAL: Acta Vet Hung


NUMERACIÓN: 61(1):42-50


AÑO: 2013


PUBLISHER: Budapest Akademiai Kiado


AUTHORS: Hornok S., Fuente J., Horvath G., Fernandez de Mera IG., Wijnveld M., Tanczos B., Farkas R. and Jongejan F.


DOI: https://doi.org/ 10.1556/AVet.2012.050


CITE THIS PUBLICATION:

Hornok S., Fuente J., Horvath G., Fernandez de Mera IG., Wijnveld M., Tanczos B., Farkas R. and Jongejan F. Molecular evidence of Ehrlichia canis and Rickettsia massiliae in ixodid ticks of carnivores from South Hungary. Acta veterinaria Hungarica. 61(1):42-50. 2013. (A). ISSN: 0236-6290. DOI: 10.1556/AVet.2012.050


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