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May, 2010 news

May 29th, 2010

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The Veterinary Record

Absence of TB in Iberian ibex (Capra pyrenaica) in a high-risk area

Investigation article published in The Veterinary Record

Mycobacterium bovis is the causative agent of bovine tuberculosis (TB); it has an exceptionally wide host range, which includes goats. In fact, caprine tuberculosis caused by M bovis has been widely studied in domestic goats due to their high susceptibility to infection (O’Reilly and Daborn 1995, Daniel and others 2009, Quintas and others 2010). However, little is known about bovine TB in wild Caprinae. To our knowledge, there has been only a single published report about the presence of this disease in a wild caprine population. In that study, one eight-year-old female Iberian ibex (Capra pyr… Read more

May 27th, 2010

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Álvaro San Millán Cruz

Identification, molecular characterization and dissemination of antimicrobial resistance mechanisms in human and animal pathogens from the Pasteurellaceae family

Álvaro San Millán Cruz defended the PhD Thesis at the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine of the Complutense University of Madrid

Antibiotics are one of the main tools to fight against infectious diseases. Since the introduction of antibiotics in clinical practice, the development and progressive dispersion of antimicrobial resistance mechanisms among bacteria have dramatically increased. Acquisition of antimicrobial resistance determinants by microorganisms of clinical relevance is a concerning phenomenon both for animal medicine and public health. Research on the mechanisms responsible for decreased susceptibility to antibiotics in bacteria, together with the study of the genetic platforms responsible for the spread of… Read more

May 18th, 2010

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Annual Meeting of National African Swine Fever Laboratories

African Swine Fever threat evaluating diagnostic tools with ASF circulating strains

Conference in Annual Meeting of National African Swine Fever Laboratories

May 12nd, 2010

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VISAVET Outreach Journal

Biofilms and their impact on food industry

VISAVET Outreach Journal published this online article

A biofilm is a complex community of microorganisms that are embedded in a matrix of extracellular polymeric substances they have produced, and they are attached to either an inert or living surface and formed by one or more microbial species (Carpentier and Cerf, 1993; Costerton, 1995; Costerton et al., 1999; Davey y O’Toole, 2000; Kraigsley et al., 2002). Bacteria that are included in a biofilm are in sessile form, exhibiting an altered phenotype from their single or freely suspended (planktonic form) counterparts with respect to growth rate and gene transcription (Donlan, 2002). Biofilm f… Read more

May 11st, 2010

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9ª edición del Foro Pfizer de Producción y Sanidad en la Ganadería de la Dehesa

Retos de las enfermedades emergentes

Conference in 9ª edición del Foro Pfizer de Producción y Sanidad en la Ganadería de la Dehesa

May 11st, 2010

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Amenaza Bioterrorista

Conference in Máster Interuniversitario en Diplomacia y Relaciones Internacionales 2009-2010

May 10th, 2010

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EDEN Emerging Vector-borne Diseases in a Changing European Environment

Surveillance of tick borne zoonotic pathogens in vegetation and in wild and domestic animals in Madrid Region (Spain)

Poster presented in EDEN Emerging Vector-borne Diseases in a Changing European Environment

Ticks are obligate blood-sucking arthropods that parasitize vertebrates (Merino et al., 2005). They are important vectors and reservoirs of various pathogenic bacteria, protozoa, and viruses that can cause disease in humans and animals (Parola et al., 2001). Some of these agents are important emerging vector-borne pathogens for humans and are receiving growing attention. The Environmental Health Service from the Autonomous Government of Madrid launched a Wildlife Surveillance System in 2008 that complement the Surveillance in Domestic Animals already underway. Monitoring of ticks is included a… Read more

May 6th, 2010

Sergio González

Update on human and animal diseases caused by microorganisms and parasites

Update on human and animal diseases caused by microorganisms and parasites

XI Summer School of the University of Extremadura  

From 6 to July 8, 2009 will be held in Badajoz during Update Human and Animal Diseases caused by microorganisms and parasites. The course will be led by D. Ciro Pérez Giraldo (Universidad de Extremadura) and D. Lucas Domínguez Rodríguez (Universidad Complutense)

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May 6th, 2010

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Journal of Clinical Microbiology

Tuberculosis in alpacas (Lama pacos) caused by Mycobacterium bovis

Investigation published in Journal of Clinical Microbiology

We report three cases of tuberculosis in alpacas from Spain caused by Mycobacterium bovis. The animals revealed two different lesional patterns. Mycobacterial culture and PCR assay yielded positive results for M. bovis. Molecular typing of the isolates identified spoligotype SB0295 and identical variable number tandem repeat (VNTR)allele sizes… Read more

May 1st, 2010

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Epidemiology and Infection

Reflection paper on MRSA in food-producing and companion animals: epidemiology and control options for human and animal health

Epidemiology and Infection publish this investigation article

The scope of this reflection paper was to review the latest research on the risk of MRSA infection and colonization in animals. Attention focused on occurrence, risk factors for colonization and infection, and human contact hazard for livestock, horses, and companion animals. Whereas the clonal relationship between MRSA strains of CC398 is straightforward in livestock this is less obvious in horses. Small companion animals typically share MRSA strains that seem to exchange with a human reservoir. Management and therapeutic options have been suggested for livestock, horses, companion animals, a… Read more

May 1st, 2010

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Risk Analysis

A Quantitative Assessment of the Risk for Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Introduction into Spain via Legal Trade of Live Poultry

Investigation article published in Risk Analysis

Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) is considered one of the most important diseases of poultry. During the last 9 years, HPAI epidemics have been reported in Asia, the Americas, Africa, and in 18 countries of the European Union (EU). For that reason, it is possible that the risk for HPAI virus (HPAIV) introduction into Spain may have recently increased. Because of the EU free-trade policy and because legal trade of live poultry was considered an important route for HPAI spread in certain regions of the world, there are fears that Spain may become HPAIV-infected as a consequence of the le… Read more

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