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August, 2017 news


August 30th, 2017

Via publiDB


Application of a specific quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) to identify Leishmania infantum DNA in spleen, skin and hair samples of wild Leporidae

Veterinary Parasitology publish this investigation article


The aim of this study was to compare a quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) validated for the detection of Leishmania infantum in dogs with a nested PCR but in wild Leporidae. Additionally, L. infantum results from indirect immunofluorescent antibody test (IFAT) and in vitro culture were also compared with qPCR. Different samples (spleen, skin and hair) recovered from 224 European rabbits and 70 Iberian hares from two green areas of Madrid Council were analysed for the detection of L. infantum. The presence of Leishmania kDNA was detected by qPCR in 58 out of 221 (26.24%), 162 out of 203 (79.8%) … Read more




August 12nd, 2017

Via publiDB


El Mundo TV

El uso de colistina en la salud animal y humana

Interview in El Mundo TV of El Mundo




August 12nd, 2017

Via publiDB


El Mundo TV

El microbiólogo Bruno González Zorn explica cómo una bacteria se convierte en resistente

Interview in El Mundo TV of El Mundo




August 8th, 2017

Via publiDB


Veterinary Microbiology

The response of red deer to oral administration of heat-inactivated Mycobacterium bovis and challenge with a field strain

Investigation article published in Veterinary Microbiology


Deer species (family Cervidae) are often part of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex maintenance host community, and tuberculosis (TB) control in deer, including vaccination, is consequently an area of ongoing research. However, most research into deer vaccination against TB is focused on using the live bacillus Calmette Guerin (BCG). Oral inactivated vaccines represent an interesting alternative to either oral or parenteral BCG, since neither diagnostic cross-reactions nor vaccine strain survival are likely to occur. In order to describe the red deer response to heat-inactivated M. bovis (… Read more




August 7th, 2017

Via publiDB


Frontiers in veterinary science

Oral Vaccination with Heat-Inactivated Mycobacterium bovis Does Not Interfere with the Antemortem Diagnostic Techniques for Tuberculosis in Goats

Frontiers in veterinary science publish this investigation article


Vaccination against tuberculosis (TB) is prohibited in cattle or other species subjected to specific TB eradication campaigns, due to the interference that it may cause with the official diagnostic tests. However, immunization with a heat-inactivated (HI) Mycobacterium bovis vaccine via the oral route has been suggested to overcome this issue. In this study, the main goal was to assess the interference of the HI vaccine by different routes of administration using a previous vaccination and re-vaccination (boosting) protocol. TB-free kid goats were divided into three groups: oral (n = 16), intr… Read more




August 3rd, 2017

Via publiDB


Eurosurveillance

Co-occurrence of colistin-resistance genes mcr-1 and mcr-3 among multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli isolated from cattle, Spain, September 2015

Investigation published in Eurosurveillance


Colistin resistance genes mcr-3 and mcr-1 have been detected in an Escherichia coli isolate from cattle faeces in a Spanish slaughterhouse in 2015. The sequences of both genes hybridised to same plasmid band of ca 250 kb, although colistin resistance was non-mobilisable. The isolate was producing extended-spectrum beta-lactamases and belonged to serotype O9:H10 and sequence type ST533. Here we report an mcr-3 gene detected in Europe following earlier reports from Asia and the United States.… Read more




August 3rd, 2017

Via publiDB


VISAVET Outreach Journal

EIA: Equine Infectious Anemia

New online article published in VISAVET Outreach Journal


Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA) or swamp fever is a chronic infectious disease of equids caused by a lentivirus of the Retroviridae family. In this article we summarise the most important features of the transmission, clinical signs, diagnosis and control measures to be implemented once the diagnosis has been confirmed, as well as the present situation of the disease in Spain.… Read more




August 1st, 2017

Via publiDB


Revue Scientifique et Technique

Technological advances in veterinary diagnostics: opportunities to deploy rapid decentralised tests to detect pathogens affecting livestock

Revue Scientifique et Technique publish this investigation article


Sustainable food production capable of feeding a growing human population is a significant global challenge, and is a priority encompassed within the United Nations Millennium Development Goal to `eradicate extreme poverty and hunger`. Infectious diseases reduce the productivity of farm animals, and the globalised trade of animals and their products increases the threat of disease incursion. Accurate and rapid diagnostic tests are an essential component of contingency plans to detect, control and eradicate such diseases. Diagnosis involves a `pipeline` that normally starts with clinical suspic… Read more




August 1st, 2017

Via publiDB


The Veterinary Record

Isolation of Brachyspira species from farmed wild boar in Spain

Investigation article published in The Veterinary Record


Bacteria belonging to the genus Brachyspira are gram-negative, anaerobic, spirochaetes adapted to occupy specialised niches in the large intestines of animals, including swine.1 Brachyspira species cause important digestive diseases such as swine dysentery (Brachyspira hyodysenteriae) and porcine intestinal spirochetosis (Brachyspira pilosicoli), which have a significant economic impact on the swine industry. Spain has major problems associated with swine dysentery, as demonstrated by Carvajal and others, who showed that more than 30% of Spanish farms and 12% of porcine faecal specimens tested… Read more




August 1st, 2017

Via publiDB


International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents

Escherichia coli ST167 carrying plasmid mobilisable mcr-1 and blaCTX-M-15 resistance determinants isolated from a human respiratory infection

Investigation published in International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents


The emergence of polymyxin resistance in Enterobacteriaceae is a matter of major concern and has instigated the recommendation for its surveillance since it compromises the use of colistin, a last-resort antibiotic.… Read more




August 1st, 2017

Via publiDB


LWT - Food Science and Technology

Effect of seafood peptones on biomass and metabolic activity by Enterococcus faecalis DM19

Investigation published in LWT - Food Science and Technology


Eight seafood protein hydrolysates (SPHs) obtained from squid, shrimp and fish gelatin were incorporated as substitutes of peptones in culture media in order to evaluate its effect on survival and metabolic activity (lactic acid, acetic acid and bacteriocins production) of Enterococcus faecalis DM19. The substitution of commercial peptones in culture media by either a shrimp hydrolysate prepared with Protamex, or by squid protein hydrolysates prepared with Esperase or Alkaline protease, stimulated E. faecalis DM19 growth up to 16%. The incorporation of SPHs, mainly from shrimp, in the culture … Read more




August 1st, 2017

Via publiDB


Transboundary and Emerging Diseases

Serological Surveillance and Direct Field Searching Reaffirm the Absence of Ornithodoros Erraticus Ticks Role in African Swine Fever Cycle in Sardinia

Investigation published in Transboundary and Emerging Diseases


African swine fever (ASF), one of the most important diseases of swine, has been endemic in the Italian island of Sardinia for more than 35 years. During these decades, several strategies and eradication efforts have been implemented in the island with limited success. Strong climatic and ecological similarities exist between Sardinia and one area of the Iberian Peninsula where Ornithodoros erraticus ticks were involved in the persistence of ASF from 1960 to 1995. This fact leads to the hypothesis that, potentially, Ornithodoros ticks could be also involved in the ASF cycle in Sardinia, thus a… Read more







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