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Presence of different-origin Israeli acute paralysis virus not related with Colony collapse disorder in Spanish honey bees

Conference in 13th International Symposium on Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics

August 20th, 2012

Vicente-Rubiano M., de las Heras AI., Kukielka D. and Sanchez-Vizcaino JM.

Depopulation and collapse of honey bee colonies continue being one of the most concerning challenges in worldwide apiculture and agriculture, since honey bees are the main pollinator of crops in USA and Europe. Since the appearance of this multifactorial phenomenon known as Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD) many possible causes have been evaluated, including viruses such as Israeli acute paralysis virus (IAPV). IAPV is a Dicistrovirus which was first described in 2004 affecting Israel colonies with heavy losses and whose importance derives from its association with CCD in the USA in 2007. However, this association has not been confirmed in other countries. The aim of this study is to assess the possible association between IAPV presence and CCD and to describe the origin of IAPV in Spain, the first honey producer in the EU. We sampled three important Spanish regions due to honey production (Valencia and Andalucía) and ecological relevance and situation (Navarra). An epidemiological survey was conducted to collect handling and sanitary data. Samples were analyzed for IAPV presence by RT-PCR. Positive IAPV samples were
sequenced and a phylogenetic analysis was carried out using MEGA4®. In terms of results, absence of CCD in IAPV positive colonies dismisses possible associations between IAPV and CCD in Spain. Moreover, phylogenetic analysis showed two main lineages which suggest at least two differentiated origins of IAPV in this country. Navarra and Andalucía isolates were similar mainly to French isolates, which could be explained by proximity between regions, whereas the Valencia isolate was similar mainly to USA isolates,
which is possibly explained by commercial trades. As conclusions, this study has confirmed the unlikely association of IAPV with CCD and the phylogenetic relationships of Spanish IAPV with specimens from
other countries, which could serve to implement surveillance measures in the future




Participants:

Universidad ComplutenseServicio de Inmunología Viral y Medicina Preventiva (SUAT). Centro de Vigilancia Sanitaria Veterinaria (VISAVET). Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Universidad ComplutenseDepartamento de Sanidad Animal. Facultad de Veterinaria. Universidad Complutense (UCM).


Link to 13th International Symposium on Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics





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13th International Symposium on Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics


August 20th-24th, 2012
Maastrich
The Netherlands

TITLE: Presence of different-origin Israeli acute paralysis virus not related with Colony collapse disorder in Spanish honey bees


TYPE: Oral communication


AUTHORS: Vicente-Rubiano M., de las Heras AI., Kukielka D. and Sanchez-Vizcaino JM.


VISAVET PARTICIPANTS


José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno Rodríguez

DATE: August 20th, 2012


CITE THIS COMMUNICATION:

Vicente-Rubiano M., de las Heras AI., Kukielka D. and Sanchez-Vizcaino JM. Presence of different-origin Israeli acute paralysis virus not related with Colony collapse disorder in Spanish honey bees. 13th International Symposium on Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics, International Society for Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics, Maastrich, The Netherlands, August 20th, 2012. (Oral communication)


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