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Prevalence of antimicrobial resistance among bacterial pathogens isolated from cattle in different European countries: 2002-2004

Investigation published in Acta veterinaria Scandinavica

August 8th, 2008

BACKGROUND:
The project "Antibiotic resistance in bacteria of animal origin - II" (ARBAO-II) was funded by the European Union (FAIR5-QLK2-2002-01146) for the period 2003-2005, with the aim to establish a continuous monitoring of antimicrobial susceptibility among veterinary laboratories in European countries based on validated and harmonised methodologies. Available summary data of the susceptibility testing of the bacterial pathogens from the different laboratories were collected.
METHOD:
Antimicrobial susceptibility data for several bovine pathogens were obtained over a three year period (2002-2004). Each year the participating laboratories were requested to fill in excel-file templates with national summary data on the occurrence of antimicrobial resistance from different bacterial species.A proficiency test (EQAS - external quality assurance system) for antimicrobial susceptibility testing was conducted each year to test the accuracy of antimicrobial susceptibility testing in the participating laboratories. The data from this testing demonstrated that for the species included in the EQAS the results are comparable between countries.
RESULTS:
Data from 25,241 isolates were collected from 13 European countries. For Staphylococcus aureus from bovine mastitis major differences were apparent in the occurrence of resistance between countries and between the different antimicrobial agents tested. The highest frequency of resistance was observed for penicillin. For Mannheimia haemolytica resistance to ampicillin, tetracycline and trimethoprim/sulphonamide were observed in France, the Netherlands and Portugal. All isolates of Pasteurella multocida isolated in Finland and most of those from Denmark, England (and Wales), Italy and Sweden were susceptible to the majority of the antimicrobials. Streptococcus dysgalactiae and Streptococcus uberis isolates from Sweden were fully susceptible. For the other countries some resistance was observed to tetracycline, gentamicin and erythromycin. More resistance and variation of the resistance levels between countries were observed for Escherichia coli compared to the other bacterial species investigated.
CONCLUSION:
In general, isolates from Denmark, England (and Wales), the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden and Switzerland showed low frequencies of resistance, whereas many isolates from Belgium, France, Italy, Latvia and Spain were resistant to most antimicrobials tested. In the future, data on the prevalence of resistance should be used to develop guidelines for appropriate antimicrobial use in veterinary medicine




Hendriksen RS., Mevius DJ., Schroeter A., Teale C., Meunier D., Butaye P., Franco A., Utinane A., Amado A., Moreno MA., Greko C., Stark K., Berghold C., Myllyniemi AL., Wasyl D., Sunde M. and Aarestrup FM.




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Prevalence of antimicrobial resistance among bacterial pathogens isolated from cattle in different European countries: 2002-2004

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Prevalence of antimicrobial resistance among bacterial pathogens isolated from cattle in different European countries: 2002-2004

Participants:

Technical University of DenmarkNational Veterinary Institute (DTU Vet). Technical University of Denmark (DTU).

Central Institute for Animal Disease Control (CIDC).

Federal Institute for Risk AssessmentFederal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR).

Department for Environment, Food and Rural AffairsVeterinary Laboratories Agency. Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra).


Veterinary and Agrochemical Research Centre (CODA_CERVA).

Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale delle Regioni Lazio e ToscanaIstituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale delle Regioni Lazio e Toscana (IZSLT).

State Veterinary Medicine Diagnostic Centre of Food and Veterinary Service.

Instituto Nacional de Investigação Agrária e Veterinária (INIAV).

Universidad ComplutenseServicio de Zoonosis de Transmisión Alimentaria y Resistencia a Antimicrobianos (ZTA). Centro de Vigilancia Sanitaria Veterinaria (VISAVET). Universidad Complutense (UCM).

National Veterinary InstituteNational Veterinary Institute (SVA).

Federal Food Safety and Veterinary Office (FSVO).

Austrian Agency for Health and Food Safety (AGES).

Universidad ComplutenseDepartamento de Sanidad Animal. Facultad de Veterinaria. Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Finnish Food Safety AuthorityFinnish Food Safety Authority (EVIRA).

National Veterinary Research Institute (PIWET).

National Veterinary InstituteNational Veterinary Institute (SVA).







FACTOR YEAR Q
0.899 2008

NLMID: 370400

PMID: 18611246

ISSN: 0044-605X



TITLE: Prevalence of antimicrobial resistance among bacterial pathogens isolated from cattle in different European countries: 2002-2004


JOURNAL: Acta Vet Scand


NUMERACIÓN: 50:28


AÑO: 2008


PUBLISHER: London : Biomed Central, 2008


AUTHORS: Hendriksen RS., Mevius DJ., Schroeter A., Teale C., Meunier D., Butaye P., Franco A., Utinane A., Amado A., Moreno MA., Greko C., Stark K., Berghold C., Myllyniemi AL., Wasyl D., Sunde M. and Aarestrup FM.


VISAVET PARTICIPANTS


Miguel Ángel Moreno Romo

DOI: https://doi.org/ 10.1186/1751-0147-50-28


CITE THIS PUBLICATION:

Hendriksen RS., Mevius DJ., Schroeter A., Teale C., Meunier D., Butaye P., Franco A., Utinane A., Amado A., Moreno MA., Greko C., Stark K., Berghold C., Myllyniemi AL., Wasyl D., Sunde M. and Aarestrup FM. Prevalence of antimicrobial resistance among bacterial pathogens isolated from cattle in different European countries: 2002-2004. Acta veterinaria Scandinavica. 50:28. 2008. (A). ISSN: 0044-605X. DOI: 10.1186/1751-0147-50-28


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