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Relevant Measures to Prevent the Spread of African Swine Fever in the European Union Domestic Pig Sector

Frontiers in veterinary science publish this investigation article

April 1st, 2018

During the past decade, African swine fever (ASF) has spread from the Caucasus region to eastern European Union countries affecting domestic pig and wild boar populations. In order to avert ASF spread, mitigation measures targeting both populations have been established. However, despite these efforts, ASF has been reported in thirteen different countries (Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia, the Russian Federation, Ukraine, Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Moldova, Czech Republic, and Romania). In the absence of an effective vaccine or treatment to ASF, introduction and spread of ASF onto domestic pig farms can only be prevented by strict compliance to control measures. This study systematically reviewed available measures to prevent the spread of ASF in the EU domestic pig sector distinguishing between commercial, non-commercial, and outdoor farms. The search was performed in PubMed and using a common browser. A total of 52 documents were selected for the final review process, which included scientific articles, reports, EU documents and official recommendations, among others. From this literature review, 37 measures were identified as preventive measures for the introduction and spread of ASF. Subsequently, these measures were assessed by ASF experts for their relevance in the mitigation of ASF spread on the three mentioned types of farms. All experts agreed that some of the important preventive measures for all three types of farms were: the identification of animals and farm records; strict enforcement of the ban on swill feeding; and containment of pigs, so as to not allow direct or indirect pig-pig and/or pig-wild boar contacts. Other important preventive measures for all farms were education of farmers, workers, and operators; no contact between farmers and farm staff and external pigs; appropriate removal of carcasses, slaughter residues, and food waste; proper disposal of manure and dead animals, and abstaining from hunting activities during the previous 48 h (allowing a 48 h interval between hunting and being in contact with domestic pigs). Finally, all experts identified that the important preventive measures for non-commercial and outdoor farms is to improve access of those farms to veterinarians and health services




Jurado C., Martinez-Aviles M., de la Torre A., Stukelj M., Cardoso de Carvalho Ferreira H., Cerioli M., Sanchez-Vizcaino JM. and Bellini S.




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Relevant Measures to Prevent the Spread of African Swine Fever in the European Union Domestic Pig Sector

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Relevant Measures to Prevent the Spread of African Swine Fever in the European Union Domestic Pig Sector


Participants:

Universidad ComplutenseServicio de Inmunología Viral y Medicina Preventiva (SUAT). Centro de Vigilancia Sanitaria Veterinaria (VISAVET). Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Universidad ComplutenseDepartamento de Sanidad Animal. Facultad de Veterinaria. Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y AlimentariaCentro de Investigación en Sanidad Animal (CISA). Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria (INIA).

Faculty of Medicine. University of Ljubljana (UL).

GD Animal HealthGD Animal Health.

Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale della Lombardia e dell Emilia Romagna (IZSLER).







Frontiers in veterinary science
FACTOR YEAR Q
1.036 2018

NLMID: 101666658

PMID: 29713637

ISSN: 2297-1769



TITLE: Relevant Measures to Prevent the Spread of African Swine Fever in the European Union Domestic Pig Sector


JOURNAL: Front Vet Sci


NUMERACIÓN: 16;5:77


AÑO: 2018


PUBLISHER: Lausanne : Frontiers Media S.A


AUTHORS: Jurado C., Martinez-Aviles M., de la Torre A., Stukelj M., Cardoso de Carvalho Ferreira H., Cerioli M., Sanchez-Vizcaino JM. and Bellini S.


VISAVET PARTICIPANTS


2nd
Marta Martínez Avilés
7th
José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno Rodríguez

DOI: https://doi.org/ 10.3389/fvets.2018.00077


CITE THIS PUBLICATION:

Jurado C., Martinez-Aviles M., de la Torre A., Stukelj M., Cardoso de Carvalho Ferreira H., Cerioli M., Sanchez-Vizcaino JM. and Bellini S. Relevant Measures to Prevent the Spread of African Swine Fever in the European Union Domestic Pig Sector. Frontiers in veterinary science. 16;5:77. 2018. (A). ISSN: 2297-1769. DOI: 10.3389/fvets.2018.00077


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