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Antimicrobial Prescriptions for Dogs in the Capital of Spain

Frontiers in veterinary science publica este artículo de investigación

4 de diciembre de 2018

Objective: To characterize antimicrobial prescription patterns for dogs in veterinary practices in Spain using the city of Madrid as a model.
Design: Retrospective survey.
Settings: Dogs attending veterinary practices in the city of Madrid in 2017 were enrolled.
Subjects: Three hundred dogs from 30 veterinary practices randomly selected from a set of 388 practices grouped by zip code. The inclusion criterion for dogs was treatment with antibiotics within a few days of the data collection day.
Results: For the 300 dogs enrolled, 374 treatments with antimicrobials were recorded, 62.8% (235/374) were veterinary medicinal products and 37.2% (139/374) human medicinal products. The main route of administration was oral (209/374; 55.9%) followed by parenteral (100/374; 26.7%) and topical (65/374; 17.4%). Sixty-five dogs (21.7%) received a perioperative antimicrobial treatment, mainly associated with female obstetrical surgery (19/65; 29%), while 78.3% (235/300) received a pharmaceutical treatment mainly for skin (72/235; 30.6%), respiratory (47/235; 20%), or digestive (41/235; 17.4%) diseases. The most frequently used antimicrobials were beta-lactams for oral (119/209) and parenteral (79/100) administration, especially the combination amoxicillin with clavulanic acid (83/209; oral), amoxicillin alone (42/100; parenteral), and aminoglycosides (32/65) for topical use. Diagnostic confirmation with culture was carried out on only 13 out of 235 dogs receiving therapeutic treatment and nine underwent an antimicrobial susceptibility test. In addition, cytology was performed in 15 dogs.
Conclusions: The pattern of antimicrobial prescriptions for dogs in our study was quite similar to that previously described in several European countries, and encompassed the same two highly interconnected key features: major use of amoxicillin with clavulanic acid and a very low level of antimicrobial susceptibility testing before prescription. Consequently, we recommend that the measures for rationalizing antimicrobial prescription for dogs in Spain should follow those implemented in other countries, especially confirming the diagnosis and promoting the use of hygiene measures by owners

Gomez-Poveda B. y Moreno MA.

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Antimicrobial Prescriptions for Dogs in the Capital of Spain

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Antimicrobial Prescriptions for Dogs in the Capital of Spain


Universidad ComplutenseServicio de Zoonosis de Transmisión Alimentaria y Resistencia a Antimicrobianos (ZTA). Centro de Vigilancia Sanitaria Veterinaria (VISAVET). Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Universidad ComplutenseDepartamento de Sanidad Animal. Facultad de Veterinaria. Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Frontiers in veterinary science
1.036 2018

NLMID: 101666658

PMID: 30564586

ISSN: 2297-1769

TÍTULO: Antimicrobial Prescriptions for Dogs in the Capital of Spain

REVISTA: Front Vet Sci


AÑO: 2018

EDITORIAL: Lausanne : Frontiers Media S.A

AUTORES: Gomez-Poveda B. and Moreno MA.



Gomez-Poveda B. y Moreno MA. Antimicrobial Prescriptions for Dogs in the Capital of Spain. Frontiers in veterinary science. 5:309. 2018. (A). ISSN: 2297-1769. DOI: 10.3389/fvets.2018.00309