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Freedom from equine infectious anaemia virus infection in Spanish Purebred horses

Artículo de investigación publicado en Veterinary Record Open

30 de junio de 2015

Introduction: No cases of equine infectious anaemia (EIA) have been reported in Spain since 1983. Factors that could increase the risk of reintroducing equine infectious anaemia virus (EIAV) into Spain include the recent occurrence of the disease in Europe and the absence of compulsory serological testing before importation into Spain.
Aims and objectives: Given the importance of the Spanish Purebred (SP) horse breeding industry in Spain, the aim of this cross-sectional study was to provide evidence of freedom from EIAV in SP stud farms in Central Spain.
Materials and methods: Serum samples from 555 SP horses, collected between September 2011 and November 2013, were tested using a commercially available EIAV ELISA with a published sensitivity of 100 per cent.
Results: All 555 samples were negative for antibody to EIAV, providing evidence of a true EIAV seroprevalence between 0 per cent and 0.53 per cent (95% CIs of the sensitivity and specificity of the ELISA technique used Q10 were 100 per cent and 99.3 per cent, respectively) among the SP breeding population in Central Spain.
Conclusions: These findings should serve to increase confidence when exporting SP horses to other countries




Cruz F., Fores P., Ireland J., Moreno MA. y Newton R.




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Freedom from equine infectious anaemia virus infection in Spanish Purebred horses

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Freedom from equine infectious anaemia virus infection in Spanish Purebred horses


Participantes:

Universidad ComplutenseDepartamento de Medicina y Cirugía Animal. Facultad de Veterinaria. Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Animal Health TrustCentre for Preventive Medicine. Animal Health Trust (AHT).

Universidad ComplutenseServicio de Zoonosis de Transmisión Alimentaria y Resistencia a Antimicrobianos (ZTA). Centro de Vigilancia Sanitaria Veterinaria (VISAVET). Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Universidad ComplutenseDepartamento de Sanidad Animal. Facultad de Veterinaria. Universidad Complutense (UCM).







Veterinary Record Open
FACTOR YEAR Q
1.741 2015

PMID: 26392894

ISSN: 2052-6113



TÍTULO: Freedom from equine infectious anaemia virus infection in Spanish Purebred horses


REVISTA: Vet Rec Open


NUMERACIÓN: 2:e000074


AÑO: 2015


EDITORIAL: British Veterinary Association


AUTORES: Cruz F., Fores P., Ireland J., Moreno MA. and Newton R.


PARTICIPANTES VISAVET


First
Fátima Cruz López
4th
Miguel Ángel Moreno Romo

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1136/vetreco-2014-000074


CITA ESTA PUBLICACIÓN:

Cruz F., Fores P., Ireland J., Moreno MA. y Newton R. Freedom from equine infectious anaemia virus infection in Spanish Purebred horses. Veterinary Record Open. 2:e000074. 2015. (A). ISSN: 2052-6113. DOI: 10.1136/vetreco-2014-000074


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