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VAV Network

Spanish Veterinary Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance Network




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      The Spanish Veterinary Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance Network was launched in 1997, following the monitoring integrated programme model, set out by Denmark (DANMAP). This monitoring system is composed, in turn, of three programmes: healthy animals, sick animals and food of animal origin.

Chronologically, the sick animals programme was initially set up on the data collected in 1997. The programme of healthy animals began at the end of 1998, and the food of animal origin one, did so during the year 2000. So far, these programmes have become systematically carried out with the permanent support of The Ministry of Environment, Rural and Marine Affairs (MARM). The objetives of this system focus on animal as well as human health.

The antimicrobial agents included in the monitoring programmes are those authorized for animal use, old growth promoters, or those exclusively authorized for human use.

The laboratory techniques applied for determining antimicrobial susceptibility are the micro dilution and the diffusion methods which yield data of Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) and Inhibition Zone Diameter (IZD) respectively.

The obtained data from the VAV programme are presented through an annual report to the MARM and they are also diffused through periodic bulletins of the network.


◊ Triptych VAV Network (Spanish) (English)









Line of studies
Study on antibiotic resistance

  • Healthy Animals Programme
  • Sick Animals Programme
  • Food of Animal Origin Programme