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African swine fever (ASF): Five years around Europe

Investigación publicada en Veterinary Microbiology

26 de julio de 2013

Since African swine fever (ASF) was re-introduced into Eastern Europe in April 2007, the disease has spread through five countries, drastically changing the European ASF situation. This re-introduction has significant implications for the affected countries, and it puts the European Union (EU) at serious risk of ASF introduction. Numerous factors are complicating the control of ASF in the Russian Federation and neighboring areas, particularly the absence of a coordinated control program, the abundance of backyard pig units with low or no biosecurity and the traditional use of swill feeding. All these risk factors are driven in turn by socio-economic, political and cultural factors. Moreover, the lack of clear information regarding the current situation of ASF in the Trans-Caucasus countries such as Armenia and Georgia may be increasing the risk of ASF spread into neighboring areas. The ASF situation in Eastern Europe poses a constant risk of ASF entry into the EU, especially via routes that are difficult to control, such as wild boar movements, illegal movement of animals and animal products and movements of contaminated vehicles or other fomites. This paper reviews and discusses current ASF epidemiology in Eastern Europe, the factors that may contribute to disease endemicity in the area, the current challenges for disease control, and the risk of introduction into the EU

Sanchez-Vizcaino JM., Mur L. y Martinez-Lopez B.

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African swine fever (ASF): Five years around Europe

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African swine fever (ASF): Five years around Europe


Universidad ComplutenseServicio de Inmunología Viral y Medicina Preventiva (SUAT). Centro de Vigilancia Sanitaria Veterinaria (VISAVET). Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Universidad ComplutenseDepartamento de Sanidad Animal. Facultad de Veterinaria. Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Gobierno de Castilla-La ManchaInstituto de Investigación en Recursos Cinegéticos (IREC). Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC). Universidad de Castilla La Mancha (UCLM). Gobierno de Castilla-La Mancha (JCCM).

Veterinary Microbiology
2.726 2013

NLMID: 7705469

PMID: 23265248

ISSN: 0378-1135

TÍTULO: African swine fever (ASF): Five years around Europe

REVISTA: Vet Microbiol

NUMERACIÓN: 165(1-2):45-50

AÑO: 2013


AUTORES: Sanchez-Vizcaino JM., Mur L. and Martinez-Lopez B.

José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno Rodríguez



Sanchez-Vizcaino JM., Mur L. y Martinez-Lopez B. African swine fever (ASF): Five years around Europe. Veterinary Microbiology. 165(1-2):45-50. 2013. (P). ISSN: 0378-1135. DOI: 10.1016/j.vetmic.2012.11.030