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Approaches and Perspectives for Development of African Swine Fever Virus Vaccines

Artículo de divulgación publicado en Vaccines

7 de octubre de 2017

Arias M., de la Torre A., Dixon L., Gallardo C., Jori F., Laddomada A., Martins C., Parkhouse RM., Revilla Y., Rodriguez F. y Sanchez-Vizcaino JM..


African swine fever (ASF) is a complex disease of swine, caused by a large DNA virus belonging to the family Asfarviridae. The disease shows variable clinical signs, with high case fatality rates, up to 100%, in the acute forms. ASF is currently present in Africa and Europe where it circulates in different scenarios causing a high socio-economic impact. In most affected regions, control has not been effective in part due to lack of a vaccine. The availability of an effective and safe ASFV vaccines would support and enforce control–eradication strategies. Therefore, work leading to the rational development of protective ASF vaccines is a high priority. Several factors have hindered vaccine development, including the complexity of the ASF virus particle and the large number of proteins encoded by its genome. Many of these virus proteins inhibit the host’s immune system thus facilitating virus replication and persistence. We review previous work aimed at understanding ASFV–host interactions, including mechanisms of protective immunity, and approaches for vaccine development. These include live attenuated vaccines, and “subunit” vaccines, based on DNA, proteins, or virus vectors. In the shorter to medium term, live attenuated vaccines are the most promising and best positioned candidates. Gaps and future research directions are evaluated





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Approaches and Perspectives for Development of African Swine Fever Virus Vaccines



Participantes:

Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y AlimentariaEuropean Union Reference Laboratory for African Swine Fever. Centro de Investigación en Sanidad Animal (CISA). Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria (INIA).

The Pirbright InstituteThe Pirbright Institute (TPI).

Animal, Santé, Territoires, Risques et Ecosystèmes (ASTRE).

Université de Montpellier (UM1).

Centre de Cooperation International en Recherche Agronomique pour le DeveloppementCentre de Cooperation International en Recherche Agronomique pour le Developpement (CIRAD).

Institut National de la Recherche AgronomiqueInstitut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA).

Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale del Piemonte (IZSTO).

Faculdade de Medicina Veterinaria. Universidade de Lisboa (ULisboa).

Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciência (IGC).

Centro de Biología Molecular Severo Ochoa (CBMSO). Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC). Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (UAM).

Generalitat de CatalunyaInstituto de Investigación y Tecnología Agroalimentarias (IRTA). Generalitat de Catalunya.

Universitat Autònoma de BarcelonaCentre de Recerca en Sanitat Animal (CReSA). Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB).

Universidad ComplutenseServicio de Inmunología Viral y Medicina Preventiva (SUAT). Centro de Vigilancia Sanitaria Veterinaria (VISAVET). Universidad Complutense (UCM).

World Organisation for Animal HealthWorld Organisation for Animal Health (OIE).








TÍTULO: Approaches and Perspectives for Development of African Swine Fever Virus Vaccines


TIPO: Artículo de divulgación


AUTORES: Arias M., de la Torre A., Dixon L., Gallardo C., Jori F., Laddomada A., Martins C., Parkhouse RM., Revilla Y., Rodriguez F. y Sanchez-Vizcaino JM..


PARTICIPANTES VISAVET


José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno Rodríguez

REVISTA: Vaccines


IDIOMA: Español


ISSN: 0264-410X


NUMERACIÓN: 5(4), 35


FECHA: 7 de octubre de 2017


EDITORIAL: Basel, Switzerland : MDPI AG


DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines5040035


CITA ESTA PUBLICACIÓN:

Arias M., de la Torre A., Dixon L., Gallardo C., Jori F., Laddomada A., Martins C., Parkhouse RM., Revilla Y., Rodriguez F. y Sanchez-Vizcaino JM. Approaches and Perspectives for Development of African Swine Fever Virus Vaccines. Vaccines. 5(4), 35. Basel, Switzerland : MDPI AG. ISBN: 0264-410X. 2017. (Artículo de divulgación)


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