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Comparative study of clinical courses, gross lesions, acute phase response and coagulation disorders in sheep inoculated with bluetongue virus serotype 1 and 8

Investigación publicada en Veterinary Microbiology

27 de septiembre de 2013

Bluetongue virus serotypes 1 (BTV-1) and 8 (BTV-8) have been described as the most prevalent in Europe during recent outbreaks displaying intense virulence, sheep being among the most severely affected livestock species. However, BTV pathogenesis is still unclear. This study sought to elucidate differences in the pathogenetic mechanisms of BTV-1 and -8 in sheep. For this purpose, a time-course study was carried out, with sequential sacrifices in order to relate pathological lesions to changes in a range of virological and serological parameters. A greater virulence of BTV-1 was probed. BTV-1 infected sheep showed a longer clinical course, with a significant increase of clinical signs and more severe gross lesions than BTV-8 infected sheep. These differences appear not to be attributable to greater virus replication, suggesting viral loads did not influence in the pathogenicity of these serotypes. While both groups displayed an early, intense antibody response, they still developed clinical signs and lesions characteristic of bluetongue, indicating a lack of correlation between antibody levels and protection against the disease. Both acute phase response (APR) and thrombocytopenia induced by BTV-1 in sheep were more intense. Furthermore, an association between acute phase proteins (APPs) concentrations and the evolution of clinical signs and gross lesions was also observed, suggesting the existence of a direct link between the pathogenicity of BTV serotypes, the severity of vascular lesions and the serum concentrations of APPs. To our knowledge, this is the first verification of a measurable APR in sheep with both experimental and naturally occurring bluetongue.




Sanchez-Cordon PJ., Pleguezuelos FJ., Perez de Diego AC., Gomez-Villamandos JC., Sanchez-Vizcaino JM., Ceron JJ., Tecles F., Garfia B. y Pedrera M.




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Comparative study of clinical courses, gross lesions, acute phase response and coagulation disorders in sheep inoculated with bluetongue virus serotype 1 and 8

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Comparative study of clinical courses, gross lesions, acute phase response and coagulation disorders in sheep inoculated with bluetongue virus serotype 1 and 8


Participantes:

Universidad ComplutenseServicio de Inmunología Viral y Medicina Preventiva (SUAT). Centro de Vigilancia Sanitaria Veterinaria (VISAVET). Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Universidad ComplutenseDepartamento de Sanidad Animal. Facultad de Veterinaria. Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Universidad de CórdobaDepartamento de Anatomía y Anatomía Patológica Comparadas. Facultad de Veterinaria. Universidad de Córdoba (UCO).

Universidad de MurciaDepartamento de Medicina y Cirugía Animal. Facultad de Veterinaria. Universidad de Murcia (UM).

Garfia Veterinary Medicine Laboratory S.L.







Veterinary Microbiology
FACTOR YEAR Q
2.726 2013

NLMID: 7705469

PMID: 23849094

ISSN: 0378-1135



TÍTULO: Comparative study of clinical courses, gross lesions, acute phase response and coagulation disorders in sheep inoculated with bluetongue virus serotype 1 and 8


REVISTA: Vet. Microbiol.


NUMERACIÓN: 166(1-2):184-94


AÑO: 2013


EDITORIAL: Elsevier Science Publishers


AUTORES: Sanchez-Cordon PJ., Pleguezuelos FJ., Perez de Diego AC., Gomez-Villamandos JC., Sanchez-Vizcaino JM., Ceron JJ., Tecles F., Garfia B. and Pedrera M.


PARTICIPANTES VISAVET


José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno Rodríguez

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vetmic.2013.05.032


CITA ESTA PUBLICACIÓN:

Sanchez-Cordon PJ., Pleguezuelos FJ., Perez de Diego AC., Gomez-Villamandos JC., Sanchez-Vizcaino JM., Ceron JJ., Tecles F., Garfia B. y Pedrera M. Comparative study of clinical courses, gross lesions, acute phase response and coagulation disorders in sheep inoculated with bluetongue virus serotype 1 and 8. Veterinary Microbiology. 166(1-2):184-94. 2013. (A). ISSN: 0378-1135. DOI: 10.1016/j.vetmic.2013.05.032


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