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Early OXA-48-Producing Enterobacterales Isolates Recovered in a Spanish Hospital Reveal a Complex Introduction Dominated by Sequence Type 11 (ST11) and ST405 Klebsiella pneumoniae Clones

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8 de mayo de 2020

Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacterales (CPE) have become an important public health concern. In our hospital, VIM enzymes were first detected in 2005, Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC) enzymes in 2009, and OXA-48 enzymes in 2012. We assess the population biology of the first OXA-48-producing Enterobacterales isolates recovered in our hospital (2012 to 2013) where infections by other carbapenemases had been endemic for several years. Over a 21-month period, 71 isolates (61 Klebsiella pneumoniae, 5 Escherichia coli, 2 Klebsiella aerogenes, and 1 each of Enterobacter cloacae, Klebsiella oxytoca, and Citrobacter amalonaticus) recovered from clinical and surveillance specimens from 57 patients (22.8% nonhospitalized) were investigated for OXA-48-like-producing enzymes. Analyses for characterization and determination of the location of the bla OXA-48 gene, plasmid transferability, sequence, and clonal relatedness were performed. Most of the isolates also coproduced CTX-M-15 (57/71, 80.3%) and/or VIM-1 (7/71, 9.8%). K. pneumoniae was predominantly identified as sequence type 11 (ST11) (63.4%) and ST405 (9.8%) and E. coli as ST540, ST1406, ST3163, and ST4301. The bla OXA-48 gene was part of Tn1999.2 located at the tir gene of plasmids (ca. ≥50 kb) of the IncL/M group, also carrying bla VIM-1 and bla CTX-M-15 genes. We selected one ST11 K. pneumoniae isolate for whole-genome sequencing in which we studied the plasmid containing the bla OXA-48 gene. This plasmid was compared with indexed plasmids existing in NCBI database by the use of BRIG and MAUVE. Our data suggest a rapid spread of bla OXA-48 genes between commonly isolated high-risk clones of Enterobacterales species, frequently associated with antibiotic resistance. Moreover, the emergence of the multiresistant ST11 K. pneumoniae clone among nonhospitalized patients emphasizes the difficulty of preventing its dissemination into the community.IMPORTANCE We present results of microbiological analysis of the first Enterobacterales isolates that were isolated in 2012 in our institution expressing OXA-48 carbapenemase. This enzyme confers resistance to carbapenems, an important group of antibiotics widely used in the hospitals. OXA-48 carbapenemase is currently present in many parts of the world, but it is found particularly frequently in the Mediterranean area. It was disseminated at the Ramón y Cajal Hospital and found to be associated with a particular Klebsiella pneumoniae strain, so-called high-risk clone ST11, which was previously found in our institution in association with other enzymes such as CTX-M-15, VIM-1, and KPC-3. This clone might have acquired a plasmid harboring the bla OXA-48 gene. Our results point out the importance of local epidemiology in the dissemination and maintenance of multidrug-resistant bacteria




Gijon D., Tedim AP., Valverde A., Rodriguez I., Morosini MI., Coque TM., Manrique M., Pareja E., Tobes R., Ruiz-Garbajosa P. y Canton R.




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Early OXA-48-Producing Enterobacterales Isolates Recovered in a Spanish Hospital Reveal a Complex Introduction Dominated by Sequence Type 11 (ST11) and ST405 Klebsiella pneumoniae Clones

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Early OXA-48-Producing Enterobacterales Isolates Recovered in a Spanish Hospital Reveal a Complex Introduction Dominated by Sequence Type 11 (ST11) and ST405 Klebsiella pneumoniae Clones


Participantes:

Comunidad de MadridHospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal. Salud Madrid. Comunidad de Madrid.

Comunidad de MadridInstituto Ramón y Cajal de Investigación Sanitaria (IRYCIS). Universidad Complutense (UCM). Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (UAM). Universidad de Alcalá (UAH). Salud Madrid. Comunidad de Madrid.

Instituto de Salud Carlos IIIRed Española de Investigación en Patología Infecciosa (REIPI). Instituto de Salud Carlos III (ISCIII).

Instituto de Salud Carlos IIICentro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP). Instituto de Salud Carlos III (ISCIII).

Universidad ComplutenseServicio de Zoonosis de Transmisión Alimentaria y Resistencia a Antimicrobianos (ZTA). Centro de Vigilancia Sanitaria Veterinaria (VISAVET). Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Era 7 BioinformaticsEra 7 Bioinformatics.







mSphere
FACTOR YEAR Q
4.282 2019

NLMID: 101674533

PMID: 32269151

ISSN: 2379-5042



TÍTULO: Early OXA-48-Producing Enterobacterales Isolates Recovered in a Spanish Hospital Reveal a Complex Introduction Dominated by Sequence Type 11 (ST11) and ST405 Klebsiella pneumoniae Clones


REVISTA: mSphere


NUMERACIÓN: 5(2)


AÑO: 2020


EDITORIAL: American Society for Microbiology


AUTORES: Gijon D., Tedim AP., Valverde A., Rodriguez I., Morosini MI., Coque TM., Manrique M., Pareja E., Tobes R., Ruiz-Garbajosa P. and Canton R.


DOI: https://doi.org/10.1128/mSphere.00080-20


CITA ESTA PUBLICACIÓN:

Gijon D., Tedim AP., Valverde A., Rodriguez I., Morosini MI., Coque TM., Manrique M., Pareja E., Tobes R., Ruiz-Garbajosa P. y Canton R. Early OXA-48-Producing Enterobacterales Isolates Recovered in a Spanish Hospital Reveal a Complex Introduction Dominated by Sequence Type 11 (ST11) and ST405 Klebsiella pneumoniae Clones. mSphere. 5(2). 2020. (A). ISSN: 2379-5042. DOI: 10.1128/mSphere.00080-20


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