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Evaluation of the risk factors contributing to the African swine fever occurrence in Sardinia, Italy

Investigación publicada en Frontiers in Microbiology

14 de abril de 2015

This study assesses the relation between hypothesized risk factors and African swine fever virus (ASFV) distribution in Sardinia (Italy) after the beginning of the eradication program in 1993, using a Bayesian multivariable logistic regression mixed model. Results indicate that the probability of ASFV occurrence in Sardinia was associated to particular socio-cultural, productive and economical factors found in the region, particularly to large number of confined (i.e., closed) farms (most of them backyard), high road density, high mean altitude, large number of open fattening farms, and large number of pigs per commune. Conversely, large proportion of open farms with at least one census and large proportion of open farms per commune, were found to be protective factors for ASFV. Results suggest that basic preventive and control strategies, such as yearly census or registration of the pigs per farm and better control of the public lands where pigs are usually raised, together with endanced effords of outreach and communication with pig producers should help in the success of the eradication program for ASF in the Island. Methods and results presented here will inform decision making to better control and eradicate ASF in Sardinia and in all those areas with similar management and epidemiological conditions




Martinez-Lopez B., Perez AM., Feliziani F., Rolesu S., Mur L. y Sanchez-Vizcaino JM..




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Evaluation of the risk factors contributing to the African swine fever occurrence in Sardinia, Italy

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Evaluation of the risk factors contributing to the African swine fever occurrence in Sardinia, Italy


Participantes:

University of California-DavisSchool of Veterinary Medicine. University of California-Davis (UCDAVIS).

University of California-DavisUniversity of California-Davis (UCDAVIS).

University of MinnesotaDepartment of Veterinary Population Medicine. College of Veterinary Medicine. University of Minnesota (UMM).

Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale dell’Umbria e delle Marche (IZSUM).

Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale della SardegnaIstituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale della Sardegna (IZSSA).

Universidad ComplutenseDepartamento de Sanidad Animal. Facultad de Veterinaria. Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Universidad ComplutenseServicio de Inmunología Viral y Medicina Preventiva (SUAT). Centro de Vigilancia Sanitaria Veterinaria (VISAVET). Universidad Complutense (UCM).







Frontiers in Microbiology
FACTOR YEAR Q
4.165 2015

NLMID: 101548977

PMID: 25926829

ISSN: 1664-302X



TÍTULO: Evaluation of the risk factors contributing to the African swine fever occurrence in Sardinia, Italy


REVISTA: Front Microbiol


NUMERACIÓN: 314(6):1-10


AÑO: 2015


EDITORIAL: Frontiers Research Foundation


AUTORES: Martinez-Lopez B., Perez AM., Feliziani F., Rolesu S., Mur L. and Sanchez-Vizcaino JM..


PARTICIPANTES VISAVET


José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno Rodríguez

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2015.00314


CITA ESTA PUBLICACIÓN:

Martinez-Lopez B., Perez AM., Feliziani F., Rolesu S., Mur L. y Sanchez-Vizcaino JM. Evaluation of the risk factors contributing to the African swine fever occurrence in Sardinia, Italy. Frontiers in Microbiology. 314(6):1-10. 2015. (A). ISSN: 1664-302X. DOI: 10.3389/fmicb.2015.00314


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