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Genetic heterogeneity of dolphin morbilliviruses detected in the Spanish Mediterranean in inter-epizootic period

Artículo de investigación publicado en BMC Veterinary Research

24 de agosto de 2018

BACKGROUND:
In the last 20 years, Cetacean Morbillivirus (CeMV) has been responsible for many die-offs in marine mammals worldwide, as clearly exemplified by the three dolphin morbillivirus (DMV) epizootics of 1990-1992, 2006-2008 and 2011 that affected Mediterranean striped dolphins (Stenella coeruleoalba). Systemic infection caused by DMV in the Mediterranean has been reported only during these outbreaks.

RESULTS:
We report the infection of five striped dolphins (Stenella coeruleoalba) stranded on the Spanish Mediterranean coast of Valencia after the last DMV outbreak that ended in 2011. Animal 1 stranded in late 2011 and Animal 2 in 2012. Systemic infection affecting all tissues was found based on histopathology and positive immunohistochemical and polymerase chain reaction positive results. Animal 3 stranded in 2014; molecular and immunohistochemical detection was positive only in the central nervous system. Animals 4 and 5 stranded in 2015, and DMV antigen was found in several tissues. Partial sequences of the DMV phosphoprotein (P), nucleoprotein (N), and hemagglutinin (H) genes were identical for Animals 2, 3, 4, and 5, and were remarkably different from those in Animal 1. The P sequence from Animal 1 was identical to that of the DMV strain that caused the epizootic of 2011 in the Spanish Mediterranean. The corresponding sequence from Animals 2-5 was identical to that from a striped dolphin stranded in 2011 on the Canary Islands and to six dolphins stranded in northeastern Atlantic of the Iberian Peninsula.

CONCLUSIONS:
These results suggest the existence of an endemic infection cycle among striped dolphins in the Mediterranean that may lead to occasional systemic disease presentations outside epizootic periods. This cycle involves multiple pathogenic viral strains, one of which may have originated in the Atlantic Ocean




Rubio-Guerri C., Jimenez MA., Melero M., Diaz-Delgado J., Sierra E., Arbelo M., Belliere EN., Crespo JL., Garcia-Parraga D., Esperon F. y Sanchez-Vizcaino JM..




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Genetic heterogeneity of dolphin morbilliviruses detected in the Spanish Mediterranean in inter-epizootic period

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Genetic heterogeneity of dolphin morbilliviruses detected in the Spanish Mediterranean in inter-epizootic period

Participantes:

Universidad ComplutenseServicio de Inmunología Viral y Medicina Preventiva (SUAT). Centro de Vigilancia Sanitaria Veterinaria (VISAVET). Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Universidad ComplutenseDepartamento de Sanidad Animal. Facultad de Veterinaria. Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Generalitat ValencianaOceanogràfic. Ciudad de las Artes y las Ciencias. Generalitat Valenciana.

Universidad ComplutenseDepartamento de Medicina y Cirugía Animal. Facultad de Veterinaria. Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran CanariaInstituto Universitario de Sanidad Animal y Seguridad Alimentaria (IUSA). Facultad de Veterinaria. Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (ULPGC).

Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y AlimentariaInstituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria (INIA).







BMC Veterinary Research
FACTOR YEAR Q
1.958 2017

NLMID: 101249759

PMID: 30143035

ISSN: 1746-6148



TÍTULO: Genetic heterogeneity of dolphin morbilliviruses detected in the Spanish Mediterranean in inter-epizootic period


REVISTA: BMC Vet. Res


NUMERACIÓN: 14(1):248


AÑO: 2018


EDITORIAL: BioMed Central


AUTORES: Rubio-Guerri C., Jimenez MA., Melero M., Diaz-Delgado J., Sierra E., Arbelo M., Belliere EN., Crespo JL., Garcia-Parraga D., Esperon F. and Sanchez-Vizcaino JM..


PARTICIPANTES VISAVET


3rd
Mar Melero Asensio
Last
José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno Rodríguez

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12917-018-1559-0


CITA ESTA PUBLICACIÓN:

Rubio-Guerri C., Jimenez MA., Melero M., Diaz-Delgado J., Sierra E., Arbelo M., Belliere EN., Crespo JL., Garcia-Parraga D., Esperon F. y Sanchez-Vizcaino JM. Genetic heterogeneity of dolphin morbilliviruses detected in the Spanish Mediterranean in inter-epizootic period. BMC Veterinary Research. 14(1):248. 2018. (A). ISSN: 1746-6148. DOI: 10.1186/s12917-018-1559-0


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