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Oral re-vaccination of Eurasian wild boar with Mycobacterium bovis BCG yields a strong protective response against challenge with a field strain

BMC Veterinary Research publica este artículo de investigación

26 de abril de 2014

Background: Field vaccination trials with Mycobacterium bovis BCG, an attenuated mutant of M. bovis, are ongoing in Spain, where the Eurasian wild boar (Sus scrofa) is regarded as the main driver of animal tuberculosis (TB). The oral baiting strategy consists in deploying vaccine baits twice each summer, in order to gain access to a high proportion of wild boar piglets. The aim of this study was to assess the response of wild boar to re-vaccination with BCG and to subsequent challenge with an M. bovis field strain.
Results: BCG re-vaccinated wild boar showed reductions of 75.8% in lesion score and 66.9% in culture score, as compared to unvaccinated controls. Only one of nine vaccinated wild boar had a culture-confirmed lung infection, as compared to seven of eight controls. Serum antibody levels were highly variable and did not differ significantly between BCG re-vaccinated wild boar and controls. Gamma IFN levels differed significantly between BCG re-vaccinated wild boar and controls. The mRNA levels for IL-1b, C3 and MUT were significantly higher in vaccinated wild boar when compared to controls after vaccination and decreased after mycobacterial challenge.
Conclusions: Oral re-vaccination of wild boar with BCG yields a strong protective response against challenge with a field strain. Moreover, re-vaccination of wild boar with BCG is not counterproductive. These findings are relevant given that re-vaccination is likely to happen under real (field) conditions




Gortazar C., Beltran-Beck B., Garrido JM., Aranaz A., Sevilla I., Boadella M., Lyashchenko KP., Galindo RC., Montoro V., Dominguez L., Juste R. y de la Fuente J.




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Oral re-vaccination of Eurasian wild boar with Mycobacterium bovis BCG yields a strong protective response against challenge with a field strain

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Oral re-vaccination of Eurasian wild boar with Mycobacterium bovis BCG yields a strong protective response against challenge with a field strain


Participantes:

Universidad ComplutenseServicio de Micobacterias (MYC). Centro de Vigilancia Sanitaria Veterinaria (VISAVET). Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Universidad ComplutenseDepartamento de Sanidad Animal. Facultad de Veterinaria. Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Gobierno de Castilla-La ManchaSanidad y Biotecnología (SaBio). Instituto de Investigación en Recursos Cinegéticos (IREC). Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC). Universidad de Castilla La Mancha (UCLM). Gobierno de Castilla-La Mancha (JCCM).

Gobierno VascoNeiker-Tecnalia, Instituto Vasco de Investigación y Desarrollo Agrario. Gobierno Vasco.

Chembio Diagnostic Systems IncChembio Diagnostic Systems Inc.

Oklahoma State UniversityCenter for Veterinary Health Sciences (CVHS). Oklahoma State University (OSU).







BMC Veterinary Research
FACTOR YEAR Q
1.777 2014

NLMID: 101249759

PMID: 24766746

ISSN: 1746-6148



TÍTULO: Oral re-vaccination of Eurasian wild boar with Mycobacterium bovis BCG yields a strong protective response against challenge with a field strain


REVISTA: BMC Vet. Res


NUMERACIÓN: 10:96


AÑO: 2014


EDITORIAL: BioMed Central


AUTORES: Gortazar C., Beltran-Beck B., Garrido JM., Aranaz A., Sevilla I., Boadella M., Lyashchenko KP., Galindo RC., Montoro V., Dominguez L., Juste R. and de la Fuente J.


PARTICIPANTES VISAVET


Lucas Domínguez Rodríguez

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/1746-6148-10-96


CITA ESTA PUBLICACIÓN:

Gortazar C., Beltran-Beck B., Garrido JM., Aranaz A., Sevilla I., Boadella M., Lyashchenko KP., Galindo RC., Montoro V., Dominguez L., Juste R. y de la Fuente J. Oral re-vaccination of Eurasian wild boar with Mycobacterium bovis BCG yields a strong protective response against challenge with a field strain. BMC Veterinary Research. 10:96. 2014. (A). ISSN: 1746-6148. DOI: 10.1186/1746-6148-10-96


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