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Risk of African swine fever introduction into the European Union through illegal importation of pork and products

Comunicación oral en 13th International Symposium on Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics

20 de agosto de 2012

Costard S., Jones BA., Martinez-Lopez B., Mur L., de la Torre A., Martinez-Aviles M., Sanchez-Vizcaino F., Sanchez-Vizcaino JM., Pfeiffer DU. y Wieland B.

Diseases such as African swine fever (ASF), classical swine fever or foot-and-mouth disease have severe socio-economic impacts when introduced into new regions. The history of disease incursions in the European Union (EU) suggests that initial outbreaks were often due to illegal importation of meat and meat products, and that the EU’s surveillance strategy would benefit from decision-support tools for evaluating the risk of disease introduction through illegal imports. Due to the difficulty in quantifying illegal movements of animal products however, few studies have been conducted on this topic. We present an innovative risk assessment framework for disease introduction into the EU through illegal importation of meat products,
using ASF as an example. The semi-quantitative model considered proxy indicators (PI), i.e. factors likely to influence the release of contaminated smuggled pork and pork products, and the exposure of the domestic pig population. PIs were weighted using expert opinion so as to reflect their influence on the risk of release or exposure. Suitable datasets available in the public domain or information easily obtained for all EU member states (MS) were identified for each PI, and their values across MS were categorized into scores from 0 to 5. Release and exposure risk scores were obtained by weighted linear combination of the PIs’ scores and weights, and then converted into qualitative risk categories. The model identified differences in risk levels for EU MS with five MS at high or moderate risk of ASF release, two MS at high risk of exposure and twelve MS at moderate risk of exposure. The results highlight regions where illegal import is of particular concern, and might be useful to inform surveillance systems




Participantes:

Universidad ComplutenseServicio de Inmunología Viral y Medicina Preventiva (SUAT). Centro de Vigilancia Sanitaria Veterinaria (VISAVET). Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Universidad ComplutenseDepartamento de Sanidad Animal. Facultad de Veterinaria. Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y AlimentariaCentro de Investigación en Sanidad Animal (CISA). Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria (INIA).


Enlace a 13th International Symposium on Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics





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13th International Symposium on Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics


20-24 agosto de 2012
Maastrich
Países Bajos

TÍTULO: Risk of African swine fever introduction into the European Union through illegal importation of pork and products


TIPO: Comunicación oral


AUTORES: Costard S., Jones BA., Martinez-Lopez B., Mur L., de la Torre A., Martinez-Aviles M., Sanchez-Vizcaino F., Sanchez-Vizcaino JM., Pfeiffer DU. y Wieland B.


PARTICIPANTES VISAVET


6th
Marta Martínez Avilés
8th
José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno Rodríguez

FECHA: 20 de agosto de 2012



CITA ESTA COMUNICACIÓN:

Costard S., Jones BA., Martinez-Lopez B., Mur L., de la Torre A., Martinez-Aviles M., Sanchez-Vizcaino F., Sanchez-Vizcaino JM., Pfeiffer DU. y Wieland B. Risk of African swine fever introduction into the European Union through illegal importation of pork and products. 13th International Symposium on Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics, International Society for Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics, Maastrich, Países Bajos, 20 de agosto de 2012. (Comunicación oral)


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