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Seroprevalence and factors associated with equine herpesvirus type 1 and 4 in Spanish Purebred horses in Spain


16 de abril de 2016

The Veterinary Record publica este artículo de investigación


Equine herpesvirus type 1 (EHV-1) and type 4 (EHV-4) have a worldwide distribution and cause respiratory disease, abortion, neonatal death and myeloencephalopathy in susceptible horses. Given the scarcity of serological EHV-1/EHV-4 data in Spain, the objective of this cross-sectional study was to estimate the seroprevalence of EHV-1/EHV-4 and to identify potential horse-level and stud farm-level factors associated with EHV-1/EHV-4 in the breeding Spanish Purebred (SP) horse population in central Spain. Serum samples from 334 SP unvaccinated horses, collected between September 2011 and November 2013 at 30 stud farms, were tested using a commercially available EHV-1/EHV-4 antibody ELISA and seroneutralisation as the OIE reference confirmation test. Data on factors putatively associated with seropositivity to EHV-1/EHV-4 were collected via a questionnaire and examined using logistic regression analysis. EHV-1/EHV-4 seroprevalence in the SP breeding population in central Spain, standardised for the sex distribution of the reference horse population, was 53.9 per cent (95 per cent confidence interval 44.0 per cent to 63.8 per cent). Increasing age, southern location of the stud farm, temperate climate during the summer, and a smaller surface area used for breeding activities in the farm were associated with increased odds for EHV-1/EHV-4 seropositivity, whereas EHV-1/EHV-4 vaccination of other resident horses and separation of breeding mares from youngsters were protective factors




Cruz F., Fores P., Muqhini-Gras L., Ireland J., Moreno MA. y Newton JR.




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Seroprevalence and factors associated with equine herpesvirus type 1 and 4 in Spanish Purebred horses in Spain

Ver en NLM PubMed
Seroprevalence and factors associated with equine herpesvirus type 1 and 4 in Spanish Purebred horses in Spain

Participantes:

Universidad ComplutenseServicio de Vigilancia Sanitaria Equina (SEVISEQ). Centro de Vigilancia Sanitaria Veterinaria (VISAVET). Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Universidad ComplutenseDepartamento de Sanidad Animal. Facultad de Veterinaria. Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Utrecht UniversityDepartment of Infectious Diseases and Immunology. Faculty of Veterinary Medicine. Utrecht University (UU).

National Institute for Public Health and the EnvironmentCentre for Infectious Disease Control. National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM).

Animal Health TrustCentre for Preventive Medicine. Animal Health Trust (AHT).

Universidad ComplutenseDepartamento de Medicina y Cirugía Animal. Facultad de Veterinaria. Universidad Complutense (UCM).







The Veterinary Record
FACTOR YEAR Q
1.737 2016

NLMID: 31164

PMID: 26984900

ISSN: 0042-4900



TÍTULO: Seroprevalence and factors associated with equine herpesvirus type 1 and 4 in Spanish Purebred horses in Spain


REVISTA: Vet. Rec.


NUMERACIÓN: 178(16):398


AÑO: 2016


EDITORIAL: British Veterinary Medicine


AUTORES: Cruz F., Fores P., Muqhini-Gras L., Ireland J., Moreno MA. and Newton JR.


PARTICIPANTES VISAVET


First
Fátima Cruz López
5th
Miguel Ángel Moreno Romo

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1136/vr.103573


CITA ESTA PUBLICACIÓN:

Cruz F., Fores P., Muqhini-Gras L., Ireland J., Moreno MA. y Newton JR. Seroprevalence and factors associated with equine herpesvirus type 1 and 4 in Spanish Purebred horses in Spain. The Veterinary Record. 178(16):398. 2016. (A). ISSN: 0042-4900. DOI: 10.1136/vr.103573


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