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Diagnosis of Tuberculosis in Camelids: Old Problems, Current Solutions and Future Challenges

Investigation published in Transboundary and Emerging Diseases

February 1st, 2012

In spite of great efforts for its control and eradication, tuberculosis remains one of the most important zoonosis worldwide. Its causative agents, the members of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex, have a wide host range that complicates the epidemiology of this disease. Among susceptible species to these pathogens, camelids from the New World (llama, alpaca and vicuña) and Old World (Bactrian camel and dromedary) are acquiring an increasing importance in several European countries because of its growing number and could act as reservoirs of the disease for livestock and humans in their natural habitat. In addition, tuberculosis caused by a number of M. tuberculosis complex members is a life-threatening disease in these animal species. Although tuberculosis has been known to affect camelids for a long time, ante-mortem diagnosis is still challenging because of the lack of standardized diagnostic techniques and the limited sensitivity and specificity of the most widely applied tests. However, in recent years, several techniques that can at least partially overcome these limitations have been developed. This paper reviews the results and advances achieved in tuberculosis diagnosis in camelids in the last decade as well as the progresses on ongoing investigations, with special attention to the remaining challenges that still have to be faced to assure the availability of reliable tools for the detection of tuberculosis-infected animals and herds




Alvarez J., Bezos J., de Juan L., Vordermeier M., Rodriguez-Campos S., Fernandez de Mera IG., Mateos A. and Dominguez L..




See this article
Diagnosis of Tuberculosis in Camelids: Old Problems, Current Solutions and Future Challenges

See it on NLM PubMed
Diagnosis of Tuberculosis in Camelids: Old Problems, Current Solutions and Future Challenges


Participants:

Gobierno de Castilla-La ManchaInstituto de Investigación en Recursos Cinegéticos (IREC). Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC). Universidad de Castilla La Mancha (UCLM). Gobierno de Castilla-La Mancha (JCCM).

Universidad ComplutenseServicio de Micobacterias (MYC). Centro de Vigilancia Sanitaria Veterinaria (VISAVET). Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Universidad ComplutenseDepartamento de Sanidad Animal. Facultad de Veterinaria. Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Veterinary Laboratories Agency (VLA).







Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
FACTOR YEAR Q
2.096 2012

NLMID: 101319538

PMID: 21635699

ISSN: 1865-1674



TITLE: Diagnosis of Tuberculosis in Camelids: Old Problems, Current Solutions and Future Challenges


JOURNAL: Transbound. Emerg. Dis.


NUMERACIÓN: 59(1):1-10


AÑO: 2012


PUBLISHER: Blackwell Verlag


AUTHORS: Alvarez J., Bezos J., de Juan L., Vordermeier M., Rodriguez-Campos S., Fernandez de Mera IG., Mateos A. and Dominguez L..


VISAVET PARTICIPANTS


First
Julio Álvarez Sánchez
2nd
Javier Bezos Garrido
3rd
Lucía de Juan Ferré
Last
Lucas Domínguez Rodríguez

DOI: https://doi.org/ 10.1111/j.1865-1682.2011.01233.x


CITE THIS PUBLICATION:

Alvarez J., Bezos J., de Juan L., Vordermeier M., Rodriguez-Campos S., Fernandez de Mera IG., Mateos A. and Dominguez L. Diagnosis of Tuberculosis in Camelids: Old Problems, Current Solutions and Future Challenges. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases. 59(1):1-10. 2012. (R). ISSN: 1865-1674. DOI: 10.1111/j.1865-1682.2011.01233.x


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