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Evidence of disseminated infection by Mycobacterium avium subspecies hominissuis in a pet ferret (Mustela putorius furo)

Investigation article published in Research in Veterinary Science

September 16th, 2016

The infection caused by the zoonotic opportunistic pathogen Mycobacterium avium subsp. Hominissuis (Mah) was reported for the first time in a pet ferret. Both owners were HIV-positive. Euthanasia of the pet was recommended due to medical reasons and as a preventive action. Disseminated and open tuberculosis lesions were observed in the gastrointestinal and respiratory systems of the ferret. Ecographic and radiographic surveys showed a severe generalized lymphadenopathy, strong thickening of the gastric wall and peritoneum layer. The histopathological findings revealed a disseminated, granulomatous, chronic inflammation affecting the gastrointestinal tract, lungs, lymphoid tissues (spleen, tonsils and lymph nodes) and liver. Ziehl-Neelsen staining displayed the presence of positive acid-fast bacilli within these granulomas. Bacteriology and sequencing of the isolates yielded Mah sequevar code 3. Ferrets can act as reservoirs of mycobacteria exposing their owners to the infection, which is of major concern in immunodeficient individuals, as those HIV-infected




Bezos J., Alvarez-Carrion B., Rodriguez-Bertos A., Fernandez-Manzano A., de Juan L., Huguet C., Briones V. and Romero B..




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Evidence of disseminated infection by Mycobacterium avium subspecies hominissuis in a pet ferret (Mustela putorius furo)

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Evidence of disseminated infection by Mycobacterium avium subspecies hominissuis in a pet ferret (Mustela putorius furo)


Participants:

MAEVA SERVET, S.L.MAEVA SERVET, S.L..

Universidad ComplutenseServicio de Micobacterias (MYC). Centro de Vigilancia Sanitaria Veterinaria (VISAVET). Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Universidad ComplutenseDepartamento de Medicina y Cirugía Animal. Departamento de Sanidad Animal. Facultad de Veterinaria. Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Idexx LaboratoriesIdexx Laboratories (IDEXX).

Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y AlimentariaCentro de Investigación en Sanidad Animal (CISA). Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria (INIA).







Research in Veterinary Science
FACTOR YEAR Q
1.298 2016

NLMID: 401300

PMID: 27892873

ISSN: 0034-5288



TITLE: Evidence of disseminated infection by Mycobacterium avium subspecies hominissuis in a pet ferret (Mustela putorius furo)


JOURNAL: Res. Vet. Sci.


NUMERACIÓN: 109 (2016):52-55


AÑO: 2016


PUBLISHER: Elsevier


AUTHORS: Bezos J., Alvarez-Carrion B., Rodriguez-Bertos A., Fernandez-Manzano A., de Juan L., Huguet C., Briones V. and Romero B..


VISAVET PARTICIPANTS


First
Javier Bezos Garrido
3rd
Antonio Manuel Rodríguez Bertos
4th
Álvaro Fernández Manzano
5th
Lucía de Juan Ferré
7th
Víctor Briones Dieste
Last
Beatriz Romero Martínez

DOI: https://doi.org/ 10.1016/j.rvsc.2016.09.013


CITE THIS PUBLICATION:

Bezos J., Alvarez-Carrion B., Rodriguez-Bertos A., Fernandez-Manzano A., de Juan L., Huguet C., Briones V. and Romero B. Evidence of disseminated infection by Mycobacterium avium subspecies hominissuis in a pet ferret (Mustela putorius furo). Research in Veterinary Science. 109 (2016):52-55. 2016. (A). ISSN: 0034-5288. DOI: 10.1016/j.rvsc.2016.09.013


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