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Good and bad get together: Inactivation of SARS-CoV-2 in particulate matter pollution from different fuels

Artículo de investigación publicado en Science of the total environment

8 de julio de 2022

Air pollution and associated particulate matter (PM) affect environmental and human health worldwide. The intense vehicle usage and the high population density in urban areas are the main causes of this public health impact. Epidemiological studies have provided evidence on the effect of air pollution on airborne SARS-CoV-2 transmission and COVID-19 disease prevalence and symptomatology. However, the causal relationship between air pollution and COVID-19 is still under investigation. Based on these results, the question addressed in this study was how long SARS-CoV-2 survives on the surface of PM from different origin to evaluate the relationship between fuel and atmospheric pollution and virus transmission risk. The persistence and viability of SARS-CoV-2 virus was characterized in 5 engine exhaust PM and 4 samples of atmospheric PM10. The results showed that SARS-CoV-2 remains on the surface of PM10 from air pollutants but interaction with engine exhaust PM inactivates the virus. Consequently, atmospheric PM10 levels may increase SARS-CoV-2 transmission risk thus supporting a causal relationship between these factors. Furthermore, the relationship of pollution PM and particularly engine exhaust PM with virus transmission risk and COVID-19 is also affected by the impact of these pollutants on host oxidative stress and immunity. Therefore, although fuel PM inactivates SARS-CoV-2, the conclusion of the study is that both atmospheric and engine exhaust PM negatively impact human health with implications for COVID-19 and other diseases




de la Fuente J., Armas O., Barroso-Arevalo S., Gortazar C., Garcia-Seco T., Buendia A., Villanueva F., Soriano JA., Mazuecos L., Vaz-Rodrigues R., Garcia-Contreras R., García A., Monsalve-Serrano J., Dominguez L. y Sanchez-Vizcaino JM..




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Good and bad get together: Inactivation of SARS-CoV-2 in particulate matter pollution from different fuels

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Good and bad get together: Inactivation of SARS-CoV-2 in particulate matter pollution from different fuels



Participantes:

Gobierno de Castilla-La ManchaSanidad y Biotecnología (SaBio). Instituto de Investigación en Recursos Cinegéticos (IREC). Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC). Universidad de Castilla La Mancha (UCLM). Gobierno de Castilla-La Mancha (JCCM).

Oklahoma State UniversityDepartament of Veterinary Pathobiology. Center for Veterinary Health Sciences (CVHS). Oklahoma State University (OSU).

Universidad de Castilla La ManchaEscuela de Ingeniería Industrial y Aeroespacial. Universidad de Castilla La Mancha (UCLM).

Universidad ComplutenseServicio de Inmunología Viral y Medicina Preventiva (SUAT). Centro de Vigilancia Sanitaria Veterinaria (VISAVET). Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Universidad ComplutenseDepartamento de Sanidad Animal. Facultad de Veterinaria. Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Universidad de Castilla La ManchaInstituto de Investigación en Combustión y Contaminación Atmosférica. Universidad de Castilla La Mancha (UCLM).

Parque Científico y Tecnológico de Castilla La Mancha.

Universitat Politècnica de ValenciaCMT-Motores Térmicos. Universitat Politècnica de Valencia.



Noticias relacionadas en otros medios:


- ¿Cuánto tiempo sobrevive el SARS-CoV-2 en la superficie de diferentes partículas de contaminación? - portalveterinaria.com

- Una investigación científica revela que las emisiones de los motores inactivan el SARS-CoV-2, pero “hay un lado malo” - eldiario.es

- Contaminantes urbanos y virus SARS-CoV-2 - irec.es







Science of the total environment
FACTOR YEAR Q
7.963 2020

PMID: 35817121

ISSN: 0048-9697



TÍTULO: Good and bad get together: Inactivation of SARS-CoV-2 in particulate matter pollution from different fuels


REVISTA: Sci. Total Environ


NUMERACIÓN: 844:157241


AÑO: 2022


EDITORIAL: Elsevier


AUTORES: de la Fuente J., Armas O., Barroso-Arevalo S., Gortazar C., Garcia-Seco T., Buendia A., Villanueva F., Soriano JA., Mazuecos L., Vaz-Rodrigues R., Garcia-Contreras R., García A., Monsalve-Serrano J., Dominguez L. and Sanchez-Vizcaino JM..


PARTICIPANTES VISAVET


3rd
Sandra Barroso Arévalo
5th
Teresa García-Seco Romero
6th
Aránzazu Buendía Andrés
14th
Lucas Domínguez Rodríguez
Last
José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno Rodríguez

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.157241


CITA ESTA PUBLICACIÓN:

de la Fuente J., Armas O., Barroso-Arevalo S., Gortazar C., Garcia-Seco T., Buendia A., Villanueva F., Soriano JA., Mazuecos L., Vaz-Rodrigues R., Garcia-Contreras R., García A., Monsalve-Serrano J., Dominguez L. y Sanchez-Vizcaino JM. Good and bad get together: Inactivation of SARS-CoV-2 in particulate matter pollution from different fuels. Science of the total environment. 844:157241. 2022. (A). ISSN: 0048-9697. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.157241


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