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Immunohistochemical detection of pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines in granulomas in cattle with natural Mycobacterium bovis infection


1 de febrero de 2017

Artículo de investigación publicado en Research in Veterinary Science


Cellular immune response was evaluated in lymph nodes and lung with different granulomatous lesions from cattle naturally infected with Mycobacterium bovis. For this purpose, we assessed pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines by immunohistochemical assays. Immunoreaction was observed for all the cytokines analyzed. Fourteen animals displayed advanced stage IV granulomas, with intense immunoreactivity to IFN-γ and TGF-β in areas of caseous necrosis, macrophages and lymphocytes. Seven animals showed stage III granuloma, with high immunoreactivity to IFN-γ (average of 44.5% immunoreactive cells) and moderate to TNF-α and to the anti-inflammatory cytokines IL-10 and TGF-β, in relation to the proliferation of fibroblasts in granuloma periphery We found satellite stage I granulomas in 4 bovines and stage II granulomas in 2 bovines, which exhibited low immunostaining response (− 13%). Cytokine expression in stage III and IV granulomas was significant, with predominance of immunoreactivity to IFN-γ, thus suggesting a strong, longstanding local immune response mediated by macrophages and epithelioid cells. In addition, these two stages displayed lower reactivity to IL-10; which suggests a deficit of anti-inflammatory cytokines, suppressed immunity and persistence of the infection.
High expression of TGF-β could indicate a chronic process with greater tissue damage and fibrosis. Numerous bacilli observed in necrotic areas in stage III and IV granulomas with low expression of IL-1β suggest failure in the immune response with bacterial multiplication. In this study, evidence of in situ presence of cytokines demonstrates these cytokines are involved in the development and evolution of bovine tuberculosis granulomas




Canal AM., Pezzone N., Cataldi A., Zumarraga M., Larzabal M., Garbaccio S., Fernandez A., Dominguez L., Aranaz A. y Rodriguez-Bertos A..




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Immunohistochemical detection of pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines in granulomas in cattle with natural Mycobacterium bovis infection



Participantes:

Ministerio de la ProducciónSubdirección de Ganadería y Sanidad Animal. Ministerio de la Producción.

Universidad Nacional del LitoralLaboratorio de Anatomía Patológica. Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias (FCV). Universidad Nacional del Litoral (UNL).

Instituto Nacional de Tecnología AgropecuariaInstituto de Biotecnología. Centro de Investigación de Ciencias Veterinarias y Agronómicas (CICVYA). Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA).

Secretary of ProductionGeneral Direction of Animal Production. Secretary of Production.

Universidad ComplutenseServicio de Micobacterias (MYC). Centro de Vigilancia Sanitaria Veterinaria (VISAVET). Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Universidad ComplutenseDepartamento de Sanidad Animal. Facultad de Veterinaria. Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Universidad ComplutenseDepartamento de Medicina y Cirugía Animal. Facultad de Veterinaria. Universidad Complutense (UCM).







Research in Veterinary Science
FACTOR YEAR Q
1.504 2015

NLMID: 401300

ISSN: 0034-5288



TÍTULO: Immunohistochemical detection of pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines in granulomas in cattle with natural Mycobacterium bovis infection


REVISTA: Res. Vet. Sci.


NUMERACIÓN: 110(2017)34-39


AÑO: 2017


EDITORIAL: Elsevier


AUTORES: Canal AM., Pezzone N., Cataldi A., Zumarraga M., Larzabal M., Garbaccio S., Fernandez A., Dominguez L., Aranaz A. and Rodriguez-Bertos A..


PARTICIPANTES VISAVET


8th
Lucas Domínguez Rodríguez
Last
Antonio Manuel Rodríguez Bertos

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rvsc.2016.10.006


CITA ESTA PUBLICACIÓN:

Canal AM., Pezzone N., Cataldi A., Zumarraga M., Larzabal M., Garbaccio S., Fernandez A., Dominguez L., Aranaz A. y Rodriguez-Bertos A. Immunohistochemical detection of pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines in granulomas in cattle with natural Mycobacterium bovis infection. Research in Veterinary Science. 110(2017)34-39. 2017. (A). ISSN: 0034-5288. DOI: 10.1016/j.rvsc.2016.10.006


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